Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0001061

1.3 Site name

Kilkeran Lake and Castlefreke Dunes SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1999-07

1.5 Update date

2019-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1999-07
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2018-11
National legal reference of SAC designation:490/2018

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.956461
Latitude:51.559870

2.2 Area [ha]

96.4273

2.3 Marine area [%]

11.9480

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info      17.65  0.00 
2110  info      1.96  0.00 
2120  info      23.53  0.00 
2130  info      2.94  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allomelita pellucida                     
Blethsia multipunctata                     
Gabrius keysianus                     
Helophorus fulgidicollis                     
Hydrometra gracilenta                     
Kickxia elatine                     
Neomysis integer                     
Notonecta viridis                     
Palaemonetes varians                     
Philonthus fumarius                     
Ruppia maritima                     
Sigara concinna                     
Sigara stagnalis                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0218.00
N0442.00
N052.00
N061.00
N0735.00
N151.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site comprises a sand dune system, a natural lagoon and extensive areas of wetland habitats. Kilkeran Lake is a shallow (<3 m) lagoon with a 400 m outlet to the sea. The outlet is blocked for most of the year by a sand/shingle barrier, which is breached occasionally, both naturally and deliberately. An inflowing stream to the lagoon is surrounded by marsh and swamp vegetation. Lough Rahavarrig occurs at the western end of the site and is totally overgrown by swamp vegetation. The sand dune section of the site comprises a complex of dune habitat types. A sandy beach, with a shingle element, extends along the seaward side of the site. The surrounding landuse is mainly intensive agriculture which has contributed to the eutrophication of the lagoon.

4.2 Quality and importance

This relatively small site has a fine diversity of coastal and wetland habitats. The main importance is Kilkeran Lake, which is the best example of a sedimentary (percolation) lagoon in south-west Ireland. The lagoon suffers from eutrophication but nevertheless supports an interesting fauna and flora, with a large proportion of lagoonal specialists and several rare invertebrate species (Allomelita pellucida, Hydrometra gracilenta, Notonecta viridis, Helophorus fulgidicollis). The sand-shingle barrier is of geomorphological value. The dune system is of importance as it is one of the few in the south-west region. Shifting white dunes are well represented, with small areas of fixed dunes and embryonic dunes. Management will increase the quality of the dunes in the long-term.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LC01.01i
LD01.01i
LE03.01i
LG01.03.02i
MH01.05i
HI02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.02.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Barnes, R.S.K. (1989). Coastal lagoons of Britain: an overview and conservation appraisal. Biological Conservation 49: 295-313. Costello, M.J., Holmes, J.M.C., McGrath, D. and Myers, A.A. (1989). A review and catalogue of the Amphipoda (Crustacea) in Ireland. Irish Fisheries Investigations Series B (Marine) 33: 3-70. Colhoun, K. (1998). I-WeBS Report 1996-97. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Curtis, T.G.F. (1991a). A site inventory of the sandy coasts of Ireland. In Quigley, M.B. (ed.) A Guide to the Sand Dunes of Ireland. E.U.C.C., Dublin. FitzGerald, R. (1992-93). Rare Plant Survey of Co. Cork. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Galvin, P. (1992). The Ecology of the Brackish-water Lagoons of Wexford and East Cork. M.Sc. thesis, University College, Dublin. Good, J.A. (1999). Irish Coastal Lagoon Survey, 1998. Vol V. Dúchas. Good, J.A. and Butler, F.T. (1998). Coastal lagoon shores as a habitat for Staphylinidae and Carabidae (Coleoptera) in Ireland. Bull. Ir. Biogeogr. Soc. 21: 21-66. Goodwillie, R. (1986). Report on Areas of Scientific Interest in Co. Cork. Unpublished report prepared for Cork County Council. Hatch, P. and Healy, B. (1998). Aquatic vegetation of Irish coastal lagoons. Bull. Ir. Biogeogr. Soc. 21: 2-21. Healy, B. (1999). Irish Coastal Lagoon Survey, 1998. Vol 1, Part 1. Dúchas. Healy. B. and Oliver, G.A. (1998). Irish coastal lagoons: summary of a survey. Bull. Ir. Biogeogr. Soc. 21: 116-151. Healy, B., Oliver, G.A., Hatch, P. and Good, J.A. (1997). Coastal Lagoons in the Republic of Ireland. Vol. 2 . Inventory of Lagoons and Saline Lakes. Report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Nelson, B., Foster, G., Weyl, R. and Anderson, R. (1998). The distribution of aquatic Coleoptera in Northern Ireland. Part 2: Families Hydraenidae, Helophoridae, Hydrochidae, Hydrophilidae, Elmidae and Dryopidae. Bull. Ir. Biogeogr. Soc. 22: 128-193. Oliver, G.A. (1999). Irish Coastal Lagoon Survey, 1998. Vol IV. Dúchas. Oliver, G.A. and Healy B. (1998). Records of aquatic fauna from coastal lagoons in Ireland. Bull. Ir. Biogeogr. Soc. 21: 66-115. Roden, C. (1999). Irish Coastal Lagoon Survey, 1998. Vol III. Dúchas.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0001061
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY