Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0002031

1.3 Site name

The Twelve Bens/Garraun Complex SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-11

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1998-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-9.854337
Latitude:53.534227

2.2 Area [ha]

16163.2331

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.4080

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE01Border, Midland and Western

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3110  info      970.2  0.00 
3130  info      692.157  0.00 
4060  info      161.7  0.00 
7130  info  X     7114.84  0.00 
7150  info      161.7  0.00 
8110  info      161.7  0.00 
8210  info      161.7  0.00 
8220  info      323.4  0.00 
91A0  info      161.7  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA103Falco peregrinus     
M1355Lutra lutra          DD 
I1029Margaritifera margaritifera          DD 
P1833Najas flexilis          DD 
F1106Salmo salar          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agrostemma githago                   
Conops vesicularis                   
Cryptogramma crispa                   
Ctenophora atrata                   
Epistrophe nitidicollis                   
Lepus timidus hibernicus                   
Lepus timidus hibernicus                   
Lepus timidus hibernicus                   
Lycopodiella inundata                   
Omalotheca sylvatica                   
Pilularia globulifera                   
Polystichum lonchitis                   
Rana temporaria                   
Rana temporaria                   
Salvelinus alpinus                   
Saussurea alpina                   
Stethophyma grossum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N011.00
N041.00
N067.00
N0746.00
N0834.00
N101.00
N161.00
N229.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

An extensive area incorporating the predominantly quartzite mountains of the Twelve Bens and encompassing a range of habitat types,including blanket bog, oligotrophic lakes, heath, exposed rock and scree, acid grassland and remnants of oak woodland. The northern part of the site is bounded by coastline and includes rocky shore and small areas of sandy beach, machair, tidal river, mud flats and saltmarsh. Several river headstreams are also within the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

One of the largest and most varied sites of conservation interest in Ireland, including the scenically renowned Twelve Bens mountain range, which support extensive areas of blanket bog, heath and exposed rock and a range of arctic-alpine plants. Rhynchosporion vegetation is well represented in the wet areas of blanket bog. The suite of lowland lakes that encircle the mountains represent some of the finest oligotrophic lakes in the country and support several rare species such as Pilularia globulifera and populations of Salvelinus alpinus. The site also has a significant population of Lutra lutra, and an important population of Salmo salar. The site includes a large portion of the Connemara National Park and a National Nature Reserve at Derryclare Wood. Additional areas are included in the site under EU LIFE funded restoration projects.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.01.02i
MB02.01.02o
MB04o
LC01.03.01i
MC01.03.02b
LD01.05b
LE01.03o
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
LG05.01i
LG05.09i
MH01.05b
MI01b
LJ01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.02.01i
LA04.02.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Central Fisheries Board (2001). Irish Salmon Catches 2000. http://www.cfb.ie/: February 2001. Doris, Y., McGarrigle, M.L., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Neill, M., Flanagan, M., Quinn, M.B. & Lehane, M., (eds.) (1999). Water Quality in Ireland 1995-1997. Statistical compendium of River Quality Data, Environmental Protection Agency. Douglas, C., Garvey, L., Kelly, L. and O'Sullivan, A. (1989). A Survey to Locate Blanket Bogs of Scientific Interest in County Galway, Part 2. Unpublished report to the Wildlife Service, Dublin. Douglas, C. and Grogan, (1987). A Survey to Locate Lowland Blanket Bogs of Scientific Interest in Connemara, County Galway. Unpublished report to the Wildlife Service, Dublin. Ferguson, D.K. and Westhoff, V. (1987). An Account of the Flora of Derryclare Wood, Connemara, (Co. Galway), Western Ireland. Proceedings of The Konniklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschaffen, C90 (2) : 139-172. Folan, A.C.M. and Mitchell, M.E. (1970). The Lichens and Lichen Parasites of Derryclare Wood, Connemara. Proceedings Of The Royal Irish Academy, Section B, 70 (7) : 163-170. Heuff, H. (1984). The Vegetation of Irish Lakes. Unpublished report to the Wildlife Service, Dublin. McGarrigle, M.L., Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Cunningham, P., MacCarthaigh, M., Keegan, M., Cantrell, B., Lehane, M., Clenaghan, C. and Toner, P.F. (2002). Water Quality in Ireland 1998-2000. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Neff, M. (1972). Conservation Report. Derryclare Wood, Ballinahinch Forest, Co Galway. Internal Report to Forest & Wildlife Service. O'Reilly, P. (1991). Trout and Salmon Rivers of Ireland: an angler's guide. Merlin Unwin Books, London. Quinn, A.C.M. (1971). Areas of Scientific Interest in County Galway. Unpublished preliminary report prepared for Galway County Council. An Foras Forbartha, Dublin. Roden, C.M. (1986). A Survey of the Flora of some Mountain Ranges in the West of Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 22 (2) : 52-59. Scannell, M.J.P. and White, J. (1975). Cryptogramma crispa In West Galway. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 18 : 336. Tangney, D.E. & Fairley, J.S. (1994). Otter signs and diet in Connemara National Park and its environs. Irish Naturalists' Journal 24: 434 -440. Webb, D.A. and Scannell, M.J.P. (1983). Flora of Connemara and the Burren. Royal Dublin Society and Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IE011.00
IE0313.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IE03Connemara National Park*13.00
IE01Derryclare Nature Reserve+1.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0002031
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY