Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IE0002170

1.3 Site name

Blackwater River (Cork/Waterford) SAC

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-09

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2002-01
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.397700
Latitude:52.140600

2.2 Area [ha]

10145.3164

2.3 Marine area [%]

12.7650

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern
IE02Southern and Eastern
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1130  info      1259.68  0.00 
1140  info      284.198  0.00 
1220  info      101.5  0.00 
1310  info      101.5  0.00 
1330  info      30.8964  0.00 
1410  info      10.0275  0.00 
3260  info      202.99  0.00 
91A0  info      263.792  0.00 
91E0  info      19.2756  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis    30  30   
F1102Alosa alosa          DD       
F1103Alosa fallax          DD 
BA056Anas clypeata    75  75   
BA052Anas crecca    2028  2028   
BA050Anas penelope    3532  3532   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    10  10   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    747  747   
BA169Arenaria interpres    130  130   
I1092Austropotamobius pallipes          DD 
BA067Bucephala clangula    11  97   
BA149Calidris alpina    2293  2293   
BA143Calidris canutus    150  150   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    50  50   
BA038Cygnus cygnus    224  224   
BA026Egretta garzetta    19  19   
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA153Gallinago gallinago    272  272   
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    340  340   
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis          DD 
F1096Lampetra planeri          DD 
BA183Larus fuscus    172  172   
BA179Larus ridibundus    5206  5206   
BA157Limosa lapponica    130  130   
BA156Limosa limosa    1692  1692   
M1355Lutra lutra          DD 
I1029Margaritifera margaritifera          DD 
BA160Numenius arquata    1336  1336   
F1095Petromyzon marinus          DD 
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    431  431   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    5000  5000   
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    36  36   
F1106Salmo salar          DD 
BA048Tadorna tadorna    137  137   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    10  10   
BA162Tringa totanus    340  340   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    2560  2560   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anodonta cygnea                   
Ardea cinerea                   
Asio otus                   
Carex depauperata                   
Cinclus cinclus                   
Cygnus olor                   
Lepus timidus hibernicus                   
Lepus timidus hibernicus                   
Lepus timidus hibernicus                   
Martes martes                   
Martes martes                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
Mentha pulegium                   
Metrioptera roselii                   
Myotis daubentoni                   
Myotis daubentoni                   
Myotis mystacinus                   
Myotis mystacinus                   
Myotis naterreri                   
Myotis nattereri                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Plecotus auritus                   
Plecotus auritus                   
Prunus padus                   
Rana temporaria                   
Rana temporaria                   
Tyto alba                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N011.00
N0210.00
N031.00
N041.00
N051.00
N0613.00
N077.00
N087.00
N093.00
N1012.00
N126.00
N1425.00
N162.00
N174.00
N195.00
N221.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The River Blackwater is one of the largest rivers in Ireland, draining a major part of Co. Cork and parts of Cos. Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary and Waterford. The site consists of most of the freshwater stretches of the system as well as the estuarine component at Youghal. Tidal influence extends almost to Cappoquin. The Blackwater rises in the east Kerry uplands where Namurian grits and shales build the low heather-covered plateaux. In the lowlands in the Mallow district it passes over limestone and later cuts through ridges of Old Red Sandstone to the south of Cappoquin. Main tributaries include the Rivers Lickey, Bride, Allow and Awbeg. A wide range of habitats associated with the rivers are included within the site, including substantial areas of woodland (deciduous, mixed), scrub, wet grassland, swamp and marsh vegetation, bog, salt marshes and intertidal sand and mud flats. Areas of improved grassland, arable land and coniferous plantations are included in the site for water quality reasons.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site supports important examples of a range of Annex I habitats, notably estuaries, intertidal mudflats and sandflats, perennial vegetation of stony banks, salt meadows, floating river vegetation, alluvial forests and oak woodlands. Most of these are of good quality and extensive in area. The Blackwater system is an important salmonid fishery and is of high conservation value for Salmo salar. Also supports important populations of Lampetra planeri, L. fluviatilis, Petromyzon marinus and Alosa fallax fallax. Substantial populations of Margaritifera margaritifera occur, while Austropotamobius pallipes is found in the Awbeg River. Lutra lutra is widespread throughout the site and has been subject to detailed surveys. Trichomanes speciosum occurs at one location. Annex I bird species present in the site include breeding Egretta garzetta, Alcedo atthis and Falco peregrinus and wintering cygnus cygnus and Pluvialis apricaria. A good diversity of other winter waterfowl species also occurs.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03i
HA04o
HA04i
HA08i
HA08o
MBo
LBi
LC01.01o
LD01.02i
LD01.04i
ME01o
ME02o
LE03.01i
MF02.03i
LG01.01i
LG02o
MI01o
MI01i
LJ02.01i
MJ02.01o
LK01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
HA04o
LD01.02i
LD01.04i
MF02.03i
LG02o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bowman, K.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., McGarrigle, M.L. and Toner, P.F. (1996). Water Quality in Ireland 1991-1994. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Central Fisheries Board (1988). Preliminary Survey of the Upper River Blackwater Catchment, Cos. Cork and Kerry and Recommendations for the Development of the Fishery. CFB, Dublin (Unpublished) Central Fisheries Board (2001). Irish Salmon Catches 2000. http://www.cfb.ie/:February 2001. Central Fisheries Board (2003). Irish Salmon Catches 2001. http://www.cfb.ie/:February 2003. Chesney, H.C.G., Oliver, P.G. and Davis, G.M. (1993). Margaritifera durrovensis Phillips, (1928): taxonomic status, ecology and conservation. Journal of Conchology 34: 267-299. Conservation Services (2000). Electro-fishing report for the project 'Environmental Appraisal for the proposed natural gas pipeline from Rochestown to Dungarvan'. Unpublished. Cranswick, P.A., Bowler, J.M., Einarsson, O., Gardarsson, A., McElwaine, J.G., Merne, O.J., Rees, E.C. and Wells J.H. (1996). Numbers of Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus in Iceland, Ireland and Britain in January, 1995: results of the International Whooper Swan Census. Wildfowl 47:23-26. Curtis, T.G.F. and McGough, H.N. (1988). The Irish Red Data Book. 1: Vascular Plants. Stationery Office, Dublin. Delany, S. (1996). Waterfowl Counts in Ireland, 1994/95: a summary of the first winter of the Irish Wetlands Bird Survey (I-WeBS). Irish Birds 5:423-432. Delany, S. (1997). IWeBS Report 1995-96: Results from the second winter of the Irish Wetlands Bird Survey. IWC BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Doris, Y., McGarrigle, M.L., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Neill, M., Flanagan, M., Quinn, M.B., Sugrue, M. and Lehane, M. (1999). Water Quality in Ireland 1995-1997. Statistical Compendium of River Quality Data. Electronic Publication on Disk. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Doris, Y., Clabby, K.J., Lucey and Lehane, M. (2002). Water Quality in Ireland 1998-2000. Statistical Compendium of River Quality Data. Electronic Publication on Disk. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Ecofact (2002). Report on a Fisheries Study on the River Lickey. Unpublished. Falvey, J.P., Dempsey, S. and Costello, M.J. (1997). Survey of Estuarine Intertidal Sites in Ireland. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife. Farrell, L. (1982). The distribution of Leucojum aestivum L. in Ireland. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 20: 483-489. Garrett, W. (2001). Old Woodlands Survey. Internal Report to Coillte Teoranta, Dublin. Gibbons, D.W., Reid, J.B. and Chapman, R.A. (1993). The New Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland: 1988-1991. Poyser, London. Goodwillie, R. (1986). Report on Areas of Scientific Interest in County Cork (2nd ed.). An Foras Forbartha, Dublin. Herries Davies, G.L. and Stephens, N. (1978). The Geomorphology of the British Isles: Ireland. Methuen and Co. Ltd, London. Hutchinson, C. (1979). Ireland's Wetlands and their Birds. IWC, Dublin. Hutchinson, C. (1994). Where to Watch Birds in Ireland. Gill and Macmillan, Dublin. Kelly, D.L. and Iremonger, S.F. (1997). Irish wetland woods: The plant communities and their ecology. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 97B: 1-32. Kurz, I. and Costello, M.J. (1996a). Current Knowledge on the Distribution of Lampreys and some other Freshwater Fish Species listed in the Habitats Directive in Ireland. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin. Kurz, I. and Costello, M.J. (1996b). Proposed Special Areas of Conservation for Lampreys and Shads. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin. Lack, P. (1986). The Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain and Ireland. The Bath Press, Avon. Lehane, B.M., Giller, P.S., O'Halloran, J. and Walsh P.M. (2000). Conifer forest location and fish populations in southwest Ireland. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol 27:1116-1121. Lelek, A. (1980). Threatened Freshwater Fishes in Europe. Nature and Environment Series No. 18. Council of Europe, Strasbourg. Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. (1991). The Status of Seabirds in Britain and Ireland. Poyser, London. Lucey, J. and McGarrigle, M.L. (1987). The distribution of the Crayfish in Ireland. Irish Fisheries Investigations, Series A (Freshwater) No. 29. Lucey, J. (1993). The distribution of Margaritifera margaritifera (L.) in southern Irish rivers and streams. Journal of Conchology 34: 301-310. Lucey, J. (1995). The distribution of Anodonta cygnea (L.) and Anodonta anatina (L.) (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in southern Irish rivers and streams with records from other areas. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 25: 1-7. Maitland, P.S. (1972). Key to British Freshwater Fishes. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication No. 27. Freshwater Biological Association, Ambleside. Maitland, P.S. (1980). Review of the ecology of lampreys in northern Europe. Canadian Journal of Aquatic Sciences 37: 1944-1952. Moore, D. and Wilson, F. (1999). National Shingle Beach Survey of Ireland 1999. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin. Moorkens, E.A. (1996). Studies on the Biology and Ecology of Margaritifera in Ireland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Trinity College, Dublin. Moorkens, E.A., Costello, M.J. and Speight, M.C.D. (1992). Status of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and M.M. Durrovensis in the Nore, Barrow and Suir river tributaries, south east Ireland. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 24: 127-131. McGarrigle, M.L., Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Cunningham, P., MacCarthaigh, M., Keegan, M., Cantrell, B., Lehane, M., Clenaghan, C. and Toner P.F. (2002). Water Quality in Ireland 1998-2000. Environmental Protection Agency. Ní Dhúill, E., Smyth, N., Waldren, S. & Lynn, D. (2015). Monitoring methods for the Killarney Fern (Trichomanes speciosum Willd.) in Ireland. Irish Wildlife Manuals, No. 82. National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, Ireland. NPWS (2012) Conservation Objectives: Blackwater River (Cork/Waterford) SAC 002170. Version 1.0. National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. O'Connor, M. (2003). LIFE-Nature Woodland Restoration Project Proposal 2003 - Ecologists Report. Project Site No. 8 - Dromana Yew Woodland. Unpublished Internal Report prepared for Coillte Teo. O'Connor, M. (2003). LIFE-Nature Woodland Restoration Project Proposal 2003 - Ecologists Report. Project Site No. 9 - Dromana Bridge Alluvial Woodland. Unpublished Internal Report prepared for Coillte Teo. O'Connor, M. (2003). LIFE-Nature Woodland Restoration Project Proposal 2003 - Ecologists Report. Project Site No. 10 - Castleblagh Alluvial Woodland. Unpublished Internal Report prepared for Coillte Teo. O'Connor, M. (2003). LIFE-Nature Woodland Restoration Project Proposal 2003 - Ecologists Report. Project Site No. 11 - Gurteen Alluvial Woodland. Unpublished Internal Report prepared for Coillte Teo. O'Reilly, P. (1998). Trout and Salmon Rivers of Ireland: an Anglers Guide. Merlin Unwin Books, London. O'Sullivan, W.M. (1991). The distribution of Otters Lutra lutra within a major Irish river system, the Munster Blackwater catchment, 1988-90. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 11: 442-446. O'Sullivan, W.M. (1994). Summer diet of Otters on part of the River Blackwater catchment. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 24: 349-354. O'Sullivan, W.M. (1996). Otter Conservation: factors affecting survival, with particular reference to drainage and pollution within an Irish river system. In: Reynolds, J.D. (ed) The Conservation of Aquatic Systems. 117-133. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. Praeger, R.L. (1934). The Botanist in Ireland. Hodges, Figgis and Co. Dublin. Quigley, D.T.G. (1996). Endangered freshwater fish in Ireland. Sherkin Comment 21: 10. Quigley, D.T.G. and Flannery, K. (1994). Endangered freshwater fish in Ireland. Presented at symposium on endangered freshwater fish in Europe in Bern, Switzerland, September 1994. Journal of Aquatic Science. Quigley, D.T.G. (1996). Status and conservation of euryhaline fish in Irish waters. pp. 313-318. Quigley, D.T.G. and Flannery, K. (1996). Endangered freshwater fish in Ireland, in Kirchhofer, A. and Hefti, D. (Eds), Conservation of Endangered Freshwater Fish in Europe, Birkhauser Verlag Basel, Switzerland. Reynolds, J.D. (1982). Notes on the Irish distribution of the freshwater crayfish. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 6: 18-24. Reynolds, J.D. (1998). Ireland's Freshwaters. The Marine Institute, Dublin 1998. Ross, E. (2001). An Assessment of the Distribution, Abundance and Recruitment Levels of the Pearl Mussel Margaritifera margaritifera (L) in the Licky River (Co. Waterford). Report to the Heritage Council, Kilkenny. Salmon, D.G. and Black, J.M. (1986). The January 1986 Whooper Swan census in Britain, Ireland and Iceland. Wildfowl 37: 172-174. Scannell, M.J.P. and Synnott, D.M. (1987). Census Catalogue of the Flora of Ireland. Stationery Office, Dublin. Seaward, M.R.D. (1976). Further recent records of Lobaria from SE Ireland. Irish Naturalists Journal 18: 336. Seaward, M.R.D. (1975). Some observations on the status of the lichen genus Lobaria in south east Ireland.The Irish Naturalists' Journal 18: 248-250. Sharrock, J.T.R. (1976). The Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland. Poyser, Berkhamstead. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. Irish Wildbird Conservancy, Dublin. Smiddy, P. (1991). Bats and Bridges. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 10: 425-426. Smiddy, P. (1993). The status of the Otter in east Cork and west Waterford. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 25: 236-240. Smiddy, P. (1996). The waterfowl of the Blackwater Estuary (Youghal Harbour), Cos. Waterford and Cork. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 25: 157-165. Smiddy, P. (1997). Report on Cormorant numbers on the Blackwater River an estuary between Youghal and Cappoquin. Unpublished report to National Parks and Wildlife, Dublin. Smiddy, P. and O'Sullivan, O. (1996). Forty-third Irish Bird Report, 1995. Irish Birds 5: 445-474. Smiddy, P. and Duffy, B. (1997). Little Egret Egretta garzetta: a new breeding bird for Ireland. Irish Birds 6: 55-56. Smiddy, P. and O'Mahony, B. (1997). The status of the Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus in Ireland. Irish Birds 6: 23-28. Smiddy, P. (2002). The status of the freeshwater mussel Margaritifera margaritifera (L.) in east Cork and part of Waterford, Ireland. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 24: 153-158. Smiddy, P. (2002). Breeding of the Little Egret Egretta garzetta in Ireland, 1997-2001. Irish Birds 7: 57-60. SRFB. (1991). Electro-fishing survey of the Blackwater Catchment. Unpublished. SRFB. (1995). Electro-fishing survey in Munster Blackwater. Unpublished. SRFB. (1999). Electro-fishing survey in areas of the Munster Blackwater. Unpublished. Sullivan, Tom. (2002). (personal communication to Duchas) SRFB, Clonmel. Sweeney, P. (2002). An Ecological Assessment of the Licky River. Unpublished report commissioned by the Licky Concern Group. Waters, R.J., Cranswick, P.A., Evans, J. and Politt, M.S. (1996). The Wetland Bird Survey 1994-1995: Wildfowl and Wader Counts. BTO/WWT/RSPB/JNCC, Slimbridge. Webb, D.A., Parnell, J. and Doogue, D. (1996). An Irish Flora (7th edn). Dundalgan Press, Dundalk. Went, A.E.J. and Kennedy, M. (1976). List of Irish Fishes. (3rd edn). Stationery Office. Dublin. Whilde, A. (1993). Threatened Mammals, Birds, Amphibians and Fish in Ireland. Irish Red Data Book 2: Vertebrates. HMSO, Belfast. Wilson, J. and Smiddy, P. (1988). Bottle-nose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus (Montagu). The Irish Naturalists' Journal 22: 542. Young, R. (1972). A Report on Areas of Scientific Interest in County Waterford. An Foras Forbartha, Dublin. Young, R. (1976). A Preliminary Report on Areas of Scientific Interest in County Waterford. An Foras Forbartha, Dublin.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IE0511.00
IE112.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Blackwater Estuary0.00
IE11River Bride (Waterford)*1.00
IE11River Blackwater (Munster)*1.00
IE05River Blackwater Wildfowl Sanctuary+11.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Blackwater Estuary0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SAC.IE0002170
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY