Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Dungarvan Harbour SPA

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2019-07
National legal reference of SPA designation330/2019


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

No information provided

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA054Anas acuta     
BA052Anas crecca    167  167   
BA050Anas penelope    3041  3041   
BA169Arenaria interpres    177  177   
BA046Branta bernicla    547  547   
BA067Bucephala clangula    17  17   
BA144Calidris alba    45  45   
BA149Calidris alpina    4984  4984   
BA143Calidris canutus    698  698   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    64  64   
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    767  767   
BA183Larus fuscus    269  269   
BA157Limosa lapponica    1068  1068   
BA156Limosa limosa    779  779   
BA069Mergus serrator    52  52   
BA160Numenius arquata    766  766   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    56  56   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    4980  4980   
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    444  444   
BA005Podiceps cristatus    53  53   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    538  538   
BA164Tringa nebularia    19  19   
BA162Tringa totanus    731  731   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    3233  3233   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ardea cinerea    17  17             
Crambe maritima                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is a large east-facing bay, sheltered on the south by Helvick Head and Ballynacourty Point to the north. A narrow north-south shingle spit, which almost divides the bay in two, provides very sheltered conditions for the inner part of the site. The bay is essentially the estuaries of three main rivers, the Brickey, the Colligan and the Glendine. At low tide, very extensive intertidal sand and mud flats are exposed. These have a diverse macro-invertebrate fauna, and Zostera is present. Salt marshes often fringe the intertidal flats, especially in the more sheltered areas. The site includes a substantial area of shallow marine water in outer Dungarvan Harbour.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site qualifies for international importance as waterfowl numbers regularly exceed 20,000. It also qualifies as it supports internationally important populations of Branta bernicla hrota, Limosa limosa and Limosa lapponica. The Limosa lapponica population is one of the largest in the country comprising 6.0% of the national total. A further eleven species have populations of national importance, notably Pluvialis squatarola (5.9% of total), Pluvialis apricaria (3.3% of total), Calidris alpina (3.6% of total), Calidris canutus (2.8% of total) and Tadorna tadorna (3.6% of total). The site provides high quality feeding areas and good roost sites. At high tides, however, roosts outside of the site area are also used. Overall, this is the most important site for waterfowl in County Waterford and is one of the most important in the region.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Colhoun, K. (2001). I-WeBS Report 1998-99. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Curtis, T.G.F. and Sheehy Skeffington, M.J. (1998). The salt marshes of Ireland: an inventory and account of their geographical variation. Biology and Environment, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 98B: 87-104. Falvey, J.P., Costello, M.J. and Dempsey, S. (1997) Survey of Intertidal Biotopes in Estuaries in Ireland. Unpublished report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Guiry, M.D. and Kilty, G.M. (1972). The Zostera beds of Dungarvan Co. Waterford. Irish Naturalists' Journal 17: 187-189. Hunt, J., Derwin, J., Coveney, J. and Newton, S. (2000). Republic of Ireland. Pp. 365-416 in Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I. (eds.). Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority Sites for Conservation 1: Northern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8). Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) Database, 1994/95-2000/01. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. McGarrigle, M.L., Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Cunningham, P., MacCarthaigh, M., Keegan, M., Cantrell, B., Lehane, M., Clenaghan, C. and Toner P.F. (2002). Water Quality in Ireland 1998-2000. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Merne, O.J. (1989). Important bird areas in the Republic of Ireland. In: Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9. Cambridge. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin. Walsh, P. and McGrath, D. (1988). Waterford Bird Report 1976-1986. Irish Wildbird Conservancy, Waterford.


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No information provided

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Dungarvan Harbour+50.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dungarvan Harbour+50.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



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