Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

IE0004081

1.3 Site name

Clonakilty Bay SPA

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-03

1.5 Update date

2018-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-12
National legal reference of SPA designation No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.871618
Latitude:51.602557

2.2 Area [ha]

507.7647

2.3 Marine area [%]

78.1180

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA052Anas crecca    216  216   
BA050Anas penelope    487  487   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    93  93   
BA169Arenaria interpres    38  38   
BA222Asio flammeus     
BA149Calidris alpina    1172  1172   
BA143Calidris canutus    168  168   
BA147Calidris ferruginea    11  11   
BA145Calidris minuta    14  14   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    103  103   
BA026Egretta garzetta     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    316  316   
BA157Limosa lapponica    79  79   
BA156Limosa limosa    874  874   
BA069Mergus serrator    10  10   
BA160Numenius arquata    599  599   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    13  13   
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    857  857   
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    61  61   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    156  156   
BA164Tringa nebularia    33  33   
BA162Tringa totanus    252  252   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    1658  1658   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ardea cinerea    14  14               
Cygnus olor    53  53               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0280.00
N031.00
N045.00
N051.00
N0710.00
N101.00
N141.00
N161.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Clonakilty Bay is a wetland complex that stretches from the town of Clonakilty to the open sea. It comprises two small estuarine bays, Clonakility Harbour and Muckross Strand, separated by Inchydoney Island. Several small rivers flow into the site, notably the Fealge River. At low tide, substantial areas of sand and mud flats are exposed. The construction of a causeway across the inner part of Muckross Strand created an extensive wetland complex, with brackish characters, known as Cloheen Strand Intake. The site includes a well-developed sand dune system.

4.2 Quality and importance

Clonakilty Bay SPA supports an internationally important population of Limosa limosa, and nationally important numbers of Tadorna tadorna, Charadrius hiaticula and Tringa nebularia. A range of other species occur in numbers of regional importance, including Anas penelope, Pluvialis apricaria, Pluvialis squatarola, Vanellus vanellus, Calidris alpina and Numenius arquata. A small population of Limosa lapponica is present. The site is visited by passage waders, with regular concentrations of Calidris minuta and Calidris ferruginea. In recent years Egretta garzetta has become regular at the site. Asio flammeus is a regular winter visitor. The site provides both feeding and roosting areas for the waterfowl species and habitat quality is generally good. Wintering bird populations have been well monitored since the 1970s and there have been specific studies on the Limosa limosa population. A substantial part of the site is now state-owned.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA08o
HE01o
MF02.03.01i
MG01.01i
HG01.02i
MI01i
HJ02.01.02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MG01.01i
MI01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Colhoun, K. (2001). I-WeBS Report 1998-99. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Falvey, J.P., Costello, M.J. and Dempsey, S. (1997). Survey of Intertidal Biotopes in Estuaries in Ireland. Unpublished report to the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Goodwillie, R. (1986). Areas of Scientific Interest in Co. Cork. Report prepared for Cork County Council. Hunt, J., Derwin, J., Coveney, J. and Newton, S. (2000). Republic of Ireland. Pp. 365-416 in Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority Sites for Conservation 1: Northern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8). Hutchinson, C.D. and O'Halloran, J. (1994). The ecology of Black-tailed Godwits at an Irish south coast estuary. Irish Birds 5: 165-172. Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) Database, 1994/95-2000/01. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Merne, O.J. (1989). Important bird areas in the Republic of Ireland. In: Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9. Cambridge. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SPA.IE0004081
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY