Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

IE0004107

1.3 Site name

Coole-Garryland SPA

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-03

1.5 Update date

2020-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1996-10
National legal reference of SPA designation No information provided

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-8.853395
Latitude:53.082707

2.2 Area [ha]

519.9469

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE01Border, Midland and Western

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA054Anas acuta     
BA056Anas clypeata    23  23   
BA052Anas crecca    200  200   
BA050Anas penelope    845  845   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    330  330   
BA059Aythya ferina    142  142   
BA061Aythya fuligula    56  56   
BA067Bucephala clangula    10  10   
BA038Cygnus cygnus    322  322   
BA160Numenius arquata    111  111   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    297  297   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agonum livens                     
Alupalpus consputus                     
Badister meridionalis                     
Badister peltatus                     
Cygnus olor    14  14             
Filipendula vulgaris                     
Limosella aquatica                     
Martes martes                     
Martes martes                     
Parhygaster minutissima                     
Pelophila borealis                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0625.00
N231.00
N094.00
N103.00
N1965.00
N081.00
N071.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The Coole-Garryland SPA is situated in a low-lying karstic limestone area west of Gort. It comprises a series of turloughs, which are fed by springs and a partly submerged river, surrounded by woodland, pasture and limestone heath. Coole Lough is the largest and most permanent of the turloughs, retaining some water throughout the year. Water levels vary greatly depending on rainfall and this has consequences on the numbers of birds present. During prolonged dry spells, higher numbers of some species are present as birds from other sites in the catchment are attracted to the permanent waters of Coole Lough. Excessive flood conditions reduce the potential feeding areas though birds still roost on the lakes.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site is of international importance for Cygnus cygnus, which use the site for both feeding and roosting purposes, though the flock also visits other feeding areas outside of the site. It was formerly of importance for Cygnus columbarius bewickii but birds have not been present in recent winters, reflecting a decline that has occurred throughout the country. A good diversity of other wintering birds occurs, notably Anas penelope which is close to the threshold for national importance. Also present are Anas crecca, Anas clypeata, Aythya ferina, Vanellus vanellus and Numenius arquata. Coole Lough has particular significance for wintering waterfowl as during prolonged dry spells it is one of the few sites in the catchment which retains open water. The ecology of the site has been studied in detail.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA08i
LF03.01o
LF03.01i
HA04o
MA04i
LE03.01i
MG01.02i
LB03i
LK03i
MA08o
HBi
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG03i
MG01.02i
MA04i
LF03.01o
MBi
HG03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Colhoun, K. (2001). I-WeBS Report 1998-99. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Goodwillie, R. (1992). Turloughs over 10 ha: Vegetation Survey and Evaluation. A report for the National Parks and Wildlife Service, Dublin. Unpublished. Hunt, J., Derwin, J., Coveney, J. and Newton, S. (2000). Republic of Ireland. Pp. 365-416 in Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I.(eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority Sites for Conservation 1: Northern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8). Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) Database, 1994/95-2000/01. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. Sheppard, R. (1993). Ireland's Wetland Wealth. IWC, Dublin. Southern Water Global and Jennings O'Donovan and Partners (1998). South Galway Flood Study Final Report (Vols.1-111). Prepared for Office of Public Works, Dublin.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
IE0190.00
IE05100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Coole Lough and Garryland Wood+93.00
Coole-Garryland Nature Reserve+93.00
IE01Coole-Garryland Nature Reserve+93.00
IE05Coole Lough-100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Coole Lough and Garryland Wood+93.00
Coole-Garryland Nature Reserve+93.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY