Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

IE0004186

1.3 Site name

The Murrough SPA

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-07

1.5 Update date

2020-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Address:               
Email:datadelivery@chg.gov.ie

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-11
National legal reference of SPA designation No information provided

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-6.045798
Latitude:53.045172

2.2 Area [ha]

940.7789

2.3 Marine area [%]

32.9830

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
IE02Southern and Eastern

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Atlantic (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them


No habitat types are reported for the site

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA056Anas clypeata    16  16   
BA052Anas crecca    644  644   
BA050Anas penelope    1209  1209   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    394  394   
BA051Anas strepera     
BA395Anser albifrons flavirostris    14  14   
BA043Anser anser    300  300   
BA028Ardea cinerea    24  24   
BA169Arenaria interpres    33  33   
BA222Asio flammeus          DD 
BA046Branta bernicla    859  859   
BA149Calidris alpina    446  446   
BA147Calidris ferruginea    10   
BA145Calidris minuta    10   
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    59  59   
BA038Cygnus cygnus    58  58   
BA026Egretta garzetta     
BA001Gavia stellata    32  32   
BA184Larus argentatus    506  506   
BA179Larus ridibundus    997  997   
BA160Numenius arquata    414  414   
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    64  64   
BA151Philomachus pugnax          DD 
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    480  480   
BA195Sterna albifrons    40  40   
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    60  60   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    28  28   
BA048Tadorna tadorna    64  64   
BA164Tringa nebularia     
BA165Tringa ochropus     
BA162Tringa totanus    134  134   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    1992  1992   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Cygnus olor    74  74             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0110.00
N0213.00
N0317.00
N0420.00
N1435.00
N225.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The Murrough SPA comprises a coastal wetland complex that stretches for 13 km from Kilcoole Station, east of Kilcoole village in the north, to Wicklow town in the south, and extends inland for up to to 1 km. The site includes area of marine water to a distance of 200 m from low water mark. There is a railway on top of the beach and much agricultural reclamation of the marshes/saltmarshes.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is of high importance for the good numbers and wide variety of waterfowl species that it holds in winter and on passage. The improved grassland provides feeding for Greylag Geese (Anser anser). This is one of a handful of sites around the south and east coasts at which Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) has in recent years proved to be a regular breeding species. For some years in the 1980s, Bearded Tit (Panurus biarmicus) bred here at its only site in Ireland, emphasizing the potential of this site to hold the community of reedswamp species present in Great Britain, but largely absent in Ireland. The shingle beach is a breeding site for the country's largest colony of Little Tern (Sterna albifrons), and supports 19% of the all-Ireland population.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA08o
HD01.04i
MG01.02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HD01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Collin, R. and Whelan, J. (1993). Mute Swan herds in Dublin and Wicklow. Irish Birds 5: 11-22. Cooney, T. and Madden, B. (1993). Irish East Coast Birds Report 1992. Dublin. Cooney, T. and Madden, B. (1994). Irish East Coast Birds Report 1993. Dublin.Cooney, T. and Madden, B. (1995). Irish East Coast Birds Report 1994. Dublin.Cranswick, P.A., Bowler, J.M., Einarsson, O., Gardarsson, A., McElwaine, J.G., Merne, O.J., Rees, E.C. and Wells, J.H. (1996). Numbers of Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus in Iceland, Ireland and Britain in January 1995: results of the international Whooper Swan census. Wildfowl 47: 23-36.Crowe, O. (2005). Ireland's Wetlands and their Waterbirds: Status and Distribution. BirdWatch Ireland. Crowe, O., Austin, G.A., Colhoun, K., Cranswick P.A., Kershaw, M. and Musgrove, A.J. (2008a). Estimates and trends of waterbirds numbers wintering in Ireland 1994/95 to 2003/04. Bird Study 55: 66-77. Crowe, O., Webb, G., Collins, E. and Smiddy, P. (2008b). Waterways Bird Survey. NPWS, OPW and BirdWatch Ireland Report. Hearn, R. and Mitchell, C. (2004). Greylag Goose Anser anser (Iceland population) in Britain and Ireland 1960/61 - 1999/2000. Waterbird Review Series, The Wildfowl & Wetland Trust/Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Slimbridge. Hunt, J., Derwin, J., Coveney, J. and Newton, S. (2000). Republic of Ireland. Pp. 365-416 in Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority Sites for Conservation 1: Northern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8). Irish Wetland Birds Survey (I-WeBS) Database, 1994/95-2000/01. BirdWatch Ireland, Dublin. McGarrigle, M.L., Bowman, J.J., Clabby, K.J., Lucey, J., Cunningham, P., MacCarthaigh, M., Keegan, M., Cantrell, B., Lehane, M., Clenaghan, C. and Toner, P.F. (2002). Water Quality in Ireland 1998-2000. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford. Merne, O.J. (1989). Important bird areas in the Republic of Ireland. In: Grimmett, R.F.A. and Jones, T.A. (eds). Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9, Cambridge. Mitchell, P.I., Newton, S., Ratcliffe, N. and Dunn, T. (2004). Seabird 2000: The Status of Breeding Seabirds in Britain and Ireland. Poyser, London. Robinson, J.A., Colhoun, K., McElwaine, J.G. and Rees, E.C. (2004). Whooper Swans Cygnus cygnus (Iceland Population) in Britain and Ireland 1960/69 - 1999/2000. Waterbird Review Series, The Wildfowl & Wetland Trust/Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Slimbridge. Sheppard, R. (1993) Irelands Wetland Wealth, IWC, Dublin. Smiddy, P. and OMahony, B. (1997). The status of the Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus in Ireland. Irish Birds 6: 23-28.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:


No information provided

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:IE.NPWS.PS.NATURA2000.SPA.IE0004186
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY