Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Massiccio dell'Antola - Monte Carmo - Monte Legnà

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Piemonte - Direzione Ambiente, Governo e Tutela del territorio - Settore Biodiversità e Aree Naturali

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-09
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2017-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 03/02/2017 - G.U. 46 del 24-02-2017


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3240  info      17.27  0.00 
4060  info      86.26  0.00 
5130  info      47  0.00 
6110  info      0.00 
6210  info      359.58  0.00 
6230  info      305.6  0.00 
6430  info      5.99  0.00 
6510  info      10.75  0.00       
7220  info      0.00 
9130  info      1564.17  0.00 
9150  info      642.1  0.00 
9180  info      20  0.00 
9260  info      497.42  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA091Aquila chrysaetos          DD 
BA221Asio otus          DD 
M1352Canis lupus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD       
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus          DD       
BA231Coracias garrulus          DD 
BA236Dryocopus martius          DD 
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD 
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD       
I1074Eriogaster catax          DD 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria          DD 
BA098Falco columbarius          DD 
P4104Himantoglossum adriaticum          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD       
BA246Lullula arborea          DD       
BA073Milvus migrans          DD 
BA074Milvus milvus          DD 
BA358Montifringilla nivalis          DD 
BA112Perdix perdix          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
A5367Salamandrina perspicillata          DD 
A6211Speleomantes strinatii          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Aconitum variegatum                   
Adoxa moscatellina                   
Aglia tau                   
2432Anguis fragilis                   
Anogramma leptophylla                   
Antennaria dioica                   
Antoxanthum alpinum                   
Aremonia agrimonoides                   
Aremonia agrimonoides                   
Arethusana arethusa                   
1762Arnica montana                     
Atropa belladonna                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
Callimorpha dominula                   
Carduus carduelis                   
Catocala fraxini                   
Catocala nymphagoga                   
Corallorhiza trifida Chatel.                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Doronicum austriacum                   
Doronicum columnae                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Epipactis muelleri                   
Erebia aethiops                   
Erebia medusa (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)                   
Erigeron alpinus                   
1866Galanthus nivalis                     
1657Gentiana lutea                 
2616Glis glis                   
1026Helix pomatia                     
Hepialus aemilianus                   
5670Hierophis viridiflavus               
Homogine alpina                   
Homogyne alpina                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1344Hystrix cristata                   
5179Lacerta bilineata                   
Lemonia taraxaci                   
5104Lycopodium annotinum                     
Maculinea rebeli                   
2630Martes foina                   
2631Meles meles                   
Metrioptera caprai               
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
2634Mustela nivalis                   
1314Myotis daubentonii               
1292Natrix tessellata                   
2597Neomys fodiens                   
Nigritella rhellicani                   
Nonagria typhae                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri               
Omphalodes verna Moench                   
Peucedanum schottii Besser                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus               
Poa supina                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Poecilimon superbus                   
Polygala alpestris                   
Potentilla aurea                   
1206Rana italica                   
1213Rana temporaria                     
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2607Sciurus vulgaris                   
Scrophularia vernalis                   
2599Sorex araneus                   
Thesium alpinum                   
Tulipa australis Link                   
Vaccinium gaultheriodes                   
Vaccinium vitis idaea                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Comunità relitte di origine alpina di Vaccinium gaultherioides, al loro estremo limite nord occidentale sull'Appennino. Specie relativamente termofile negli ostrieti a roverella e cerro, a bassa quota. Limite N di diffusione di Doronicum columnae. Specie rare per il Piemonte anche in faggeta. Sito di riproduzione del lupo appenninico. Presenza di numerose specie prioritarie.

4.2 Quality and importance

Paesaggio forestale-pascolivo di tipo appenninico con completo abbandono delle attività agricole e ridottissima attività zootecnica.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Abbà G., 1986 - Contributo alla conoscenza della flora dell’Appennino piemontese orientale. Boll. Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino, 4 (1): 147-203. // Arillo A., Balletto E., Spanò S., 1974 - Situazione faunistica e programmazione venatoria nel parco del Monte Antola. C.A.I., F.I.E., Italia Nostra, Pro Natura. Genova. // Balletto E., Barberis G., Toso G. G., 1982 - Aspetti dell’ecologia dei lepidotteri ropaloceri nei consorzi erbacei delle Alpi italiane. Quaderni sulla “Struttura delle zoocenosi terrestri” CNR Roma 2 (II,1) Pubbl. AQ/1/193. // Balletto E., Cassulo L., Toso G. G., 1982 - Contributo alla biogeografia degli Zigenidi delle Alpi Liguri. Biogeographia. // Carrega M., Silla D., 1995 - Ricerche floristiche nel Novese e nel Tortonese (Provincia di Alessandria, Piemonte Sud Orientale). Parte I. Lycopodiaceae - Araliaceae. Riv. Piem. St. Nat., 16: 17-86. // Carrega M., Silla D., 1996 - Ricerche floristiche nel Novese e nel Tortonese (provincia di Alessandria, Piemonte sud orientale). Parte II: Umbelliferae-Orchidaceae. Rivista Piemont. Storia Nat., 17: 77-149. // Cristaldi L., Mondino G. P., 1994 - Summit Vaccinium heaths in the Piedmont Apennines (Borbera and Curone Valleys). Fitosociologia, 26: 29-32. // Gentile S., 1974 - Ricerche sui faggeti dell’Appennino Ligure. Not. Fotosoc., 9: 131-138. // Meriggi A., 1995 - Aspetti dell’ecologia del Lupo in provincia di Genova e territori limitrofi. Microart’s s.p.a., Recco (GE): pp. 132. // Orsino F., Dameri R. M., 1998 - Ricerche floristiche e corologiche sul monte Antola (Appennino ligure-piemontese). Webbia, 53 (1): 69-120. // Schenone L., Aristarchi C., Meriggi A., 2004 - Ecologia del lupo (Canis lupus) in provincia di Genova: distribuzione, consistenza, alimentazione e impatto sulla zootecnia. Hystrix It. J. Mamm. (n.s.), 15 (2): 13-30.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IT07Monte Antola+22.00
IT13Vincolo idrogeologico*94.00


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Ente di gestione delle aree protette dell’Appennino piemontese

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: IT1180011 “Massiccio dell'Antola, M.te Carmo, M.te Legna’” - Piano di gestione

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

- Misure di conservazione per la tutela della Rete Natura 2000 del Piemonte - approvate con D.G.R. n. 54-7409 del 7/4/2014, e successive modifiche - Misure di conservazione sito-specifiche approvate con D.G.R. n. 21-3222 del 2/5/2016 - Approvazione Piano di gestione con la DGR n. 57-6056 del 1/12/2017 - L.r. 19/2009 "Testo unico sulla tutela delle aree naturali e della biodiversità”. Artt. 40 e 42 Misure di Conservazione per la tutela dei siti della Rete Natura 2000 del Piemonte. Approvazione Piano di Gestione del Sito Natura 2000 IT1180011 “Massiccio dell'Antola, M.te Carmo, M.te Legna’”



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