Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IT2010002

1.3 Site name

Monte Legnone e Chiusarella

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-11

1.5 Update date

2020-04

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Lombardia Direzione Generale Ambiente e Clima - Struttura Natura e biodiversità
Address:               
Email:ambiente_clima@pec.regione.lombardia.it

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2014-04
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 30/04/2014 - G.U. 114 del 19-05-2014

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:8.813056
Latitude:45.863611

2.2 Area [ha]

751.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
ITC4Lombardia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3140  info      0.02  0.00 
4030  info      1.75  0.00 
6210  info  X     23.45  0.00 
7220  info      0.05  0.00 
7230  info      0.08  0.00 
8210  info      15.37  0.00 
8310  info      12.00 
9110  info      31  0.00 
9130  info      10.59  0.00 
9180  info      5.74  0.00 
91H0  info      114.32  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus          DD       
BA086Accipiter nisus          DD       
BA324Aegithalos caudatus          DD       
BA256Anthus trivialis          DD       
BA256Anthus trivialis          DD       
BA226Apus apus          DD       
BA226Apus apus          DD       
I1092Austropotamobius pallipes          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD       
BA087Buteo buteo          DD       
BA087Buteo buteo          DD       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA364Carduelis carduelis          DD       
BA363Carduelis chloris          DD       
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD 
BA335Certhia brachydactyla          DD       
BA264Cinclus cinclus          DD       
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus          DD 
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes          DD       
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes          DD       
F1163Cottus gobio          DD 
BA253Delichon urbica          DD       
BA253Delichon urbica          DD       
BA237Dendrocopos major          DD       
BA236Dryocopus martius          DD 
BA378Emberiza cia          DD       
BA378Emberiza cia          DD       
BA378Emberiza cia          DD       
BA269Erithacus rubecula          DD       
BA269Erithacus rubecula          DD       
BA269Erithacus rubecula          DD       
BA269Erithacus rubecula          DD       
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD       
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD       
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD       
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca          DD       
BA300Hippolais polyglotta          DD       
BA300Hippolais polyglotta          DD       
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD       
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD       
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
I1083Lucanus cervus          DD 
P1379Mannia triandra          DD 
BA073Milvus migrans          DD 
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA262Motacilla alba          DD       
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD       
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD       
M1323Myotis bechsteinii          DD 
M1316Myotis capaccinii          DD 
M1321Myotis emarginatus          DD       
BA328Parus ater          DD       
BA329Parus caeruleus          DD       
BA330Parus major          DD       
BA325Parus palustris          DD       
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli          DD       
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli          DD       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita          DD       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita          DD       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita          DD       
BA315Phylloscopus collybita          DD       
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix          DD       
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix          DD       
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus          DD       
BA266Prunella modularis          DD       
BA266Prunella modularis          DD       
BA317Regulus regulus          DD       
BA317Regulus regulus          DD       
BA317Regulus regulus          DD       
BA317Regulus regulus          DD       
BA276Saxicola torquata          DD       
BA155Scolopax rusticola          DD       
BA155Scolopax rusticola          DD       
BA155Scolopax rusticola          DD       
BA361Serinus serinus          DD       
BA332Sitta europaea          DD       
BA219Strix aluco          DD       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla          DD       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla          DD       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla          DD       
BA311Sylvia atricapilla          DD       
BA310Sylvia borin          DD       
BA310Sylvia borin          DD       
A1167Triturus carnifex          DD 
BA265Troglodytes troglodytes          DD       
BA265Troglodytes troglodytes          DD       
BA265Troglodytes troglodytes          DD       
BA265Troglodytes troglodytes          DD       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Adiantum capillus-veneris                   
Allium angulosum                   
Anemone nemorosa                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis                   
Aquilegia atrata                   
Asplenium seelosii seelosii                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Bufo bufo                   
Campanula glomerata                   
Campanula persicifolia persicifolia                   
Campanula rotundifolia rotundifolia                   
Campanula scheuchzeri scheuchzeri                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Carex ferruginea austroalpina                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Cervus elaphus                   
Cladium mariscus                   
Convallaria majalis                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Cyclamen purpurascens purpurascens                   
Daphne cneorum                   
Dianthus carthusianorum                   
Dianthus sylvestris sylvestris                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Eliomys quercinus                   
Epipactis palustris                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
Erinaceus europaeus                   
Gentiana asclepiadea                   
Globularia cordifolia                   
Gymnadenia conopsea                   
Helleborus niger                   
Hierophis viridiflavus                   
Ilex aquifolium                   
Lacerta bilineata                   
Leontodon incanus tenuiflorus                   
Lilium bulbiferum croceum                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
1058Maculinea arion                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Mustela nivalis                   
1314Myotis daubentonii                   
1330Myotis mystacinus                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Ophrys insectifera                   
Oplismenus undulatifolius                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Paeonia officinalis                   
Phyteuma scheuchzeri                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
Primula auricula ciliata                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1213Rana temporaria                     
1849Ruscus aculeatus                     
Salamandra salamandra                   
Schoenus nigricans                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Vipera aspis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N071.00
N081.00
N093.00
N103.00
N121.00
N1676.00
N171.00
N194.00
N202.00
N221.00
N237.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Il sito è costituito da due monti, Legnone e Chiusarella, di natura calcareo-dolomitica, separati tra di loro da un ramo della Valle dell'Olona e che risultano caratterizzati da una serie di habitat tipicamente termofili. Tra questi, i boschi di Quercus pubescens, le faggete termofile (Cephalanthero-Fagion) e, soprattutto, i prati aridi (Brometalia), che rivestono un elevato interesse naturalistico. In contrasto con questi habitat, in alcuni valloni profondi e umidi, si osservano lembi di foresta di Tilio-Acerion, unici nell'area del Parco Campo dei Fiori. La natura calcarea del substrato comporta anche la presenza di altri habitat di interesse comunitario come vegetazione di pareti e pendii rocciosi, grotte e sorgenti pietrificanti nonché emergenze geomorfologiche di primario interesse costituite da pinnacoli di altezza variabile (0,5-2 m) generati da fenomeni di erosione sotto copertura in un periodo a clima tropicale.

4.2 Quality and importance

Sito estremamente significativo sia per l'elevata ricchezza e diversificazione degli habitat della flora, ma soprattutto per la fauna. Da sottolineare la presenza di numerose serie di habitat termofili, tra cui i Querceti a Quercus pubescens, le faggete termofile del tipo Cephalantero-Fagion, negli ambiti forestali, e le praterie aride dei Festuco-Brometalia. Peculiare la presenza, in valloni profondamente incisi e, di conseguenza umidi ed ombrosi, di lembi resodui di foreste dei valloni di tipo Tilio-Acerion. Interessante, in quanto ricco e ben differenziato, il comparto faunistico, in particolare per quanto riguarda l'ornitofauna e la fauna invertebrata. Per la flora si evidenzia la presenza di numerose specie di Orchidaceae.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.03i
MB01.02i
HB02.01.02i
MB02.03i
MB02.04i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD02.01.01i
HE01.01i
LE01.03i
MF03.01b
MF03.01.01i
LG01.02i
LG01.03.02i
LG01.04.01i
LG01.04.02i
MG01.08i
MG05.01i
MG05.09i
HH01.02i
MH02.07i
MH06.01.02b
LJ02.07.02i
HK02i
LK04.05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MB02.01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

CERABOLINI B., BRUSA G., RAIMONDI B., 2003. Indagini floristico-vegetazionali. Sorgenti petrificanti. Parco Campo dei Fiori. Progetto Life Natura 2000 Chirotteri, habitat calcarei e sorgenti petrificanti nel Parco Campo dei Fiori. Rel. Tec. non pubb. CERABOLINI B., BRUSA G., RAIMONDI B., 2003. Indagini floristico-vegetazionali. Rupi carbonatiche. Parco Campo dei Fiori. Progetto Life Natura 2000 Chirotteri, habitat calcarei e sorgenti petrificanti nel Parco Campo dei Fiori. Rel. Tec. non pubb. TOSI G., ZILIO A., AUCI E., BARATELLI D., CHIARENZI B., PICCININI S., PREATONI D. G., RAIMONDI B., SCHERINI G.C., VIGANÒ A., 1999. Conoscenza delle risorse ambientali della Provincia di Varese - "Progetto SIT-FAUNA" - Relazione definitiva II Anno. Università degli Studi di Milano - Sede di Varese, Provincia di Varese - Sezione Caccia, Pesca e Agricoltura: 283 pp.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
IT04100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):


No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Ente Gestore del Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori
Address:
Email:info@parcocampodeifiori.it

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Piano di Gestione del SIC IT2010002 "Monte Legnone e Chiusarella"
Link: http://www.natura2000.servizirl.it/

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Misure di conservazione sito-specifiche (DGR 1029 del 5/12/2013)

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY