Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

IT2050002

1.3 Site name

Boschi delle Groane

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-11

1.5 Update date

2020-04

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Lombardia Direzione Generale Ambiente e Clima - Struttura Natura e biodiversità
Address:               
Email:ambiente_clima@pec.regione.lombardia.it

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2016-07
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 15/07/2016 G.U. 186 del 10-08-2016

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:9.115000
Latitude:45.644444

2.2 Area [ha]

726.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
ITC4Lombardia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.74  0.00 
4030  info      33.67  0.00 
9160  info      2.85  0.00 
9190  info      60.3  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis          DD       
BA086Accipiter nisus          DD       
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus          DD       
BA247Alauda arvensis          DD       
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA053Anas platyrhynchos          DD       
BA055Anas querquedula          DD       
BA257Anthus pratensis          DD       
BA257Anthus pratensis          DD       
BA256Anthus trivialis          DD       
BA028Ardea cinerea          DD       
BA221Asio otus          DD       
BA221Asio otus          DD       
BA218Athene noctua          DD       
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD       
BA335Certhia brachydactyla          DD       
BA031Ciconia ciconia          DD       
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD       
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD       
BA253Delichon urbica          DD       
BA237Dendrocopos major          DD       
BA240Dendrocopos minor          DD       
BA026Egretta garzetta          DD       
P1898Eleocharis carniolica          DD 
BA378Emberiza cia          DD 
BA376Emberiza citrinella          DD       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus          DD       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus          DD       
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus          DD       
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD       
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD 
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD 
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca          DD 
BA300Hippolais polyglotta          DD       
BA300Hippolais polyglotta          DD       
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
I1083Lucanus cervus          DD 
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos          DD 
BA230Merops apiaster          DD       
BA230Merops apiaster          DD       
BA073Milvus migrans          DD       
BA260Motacilla flava          DD       
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD 
M1324Myotis myotis          DD 
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax          DD       
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD       
BA325Parus palustris          DD       
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus          DD 
BA235Picus viridis          DD       
BA266Prunella modularis          DD       
BA266Prunella modularis          DD       
A1215Rana latastei          DD 
BA318Regulus ignicapillus          DD       
BA318Regulus ignicapillus          DD       
BA249Riparia riparia          DD       
BA276Saxicola torquata          DD 
BA155Scolopax rusticola          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA219Strix aluco          DD       
BA310Sylvia borin          DD       
BA310Sylvia borin          DD       
BA309Sylvia communis          DD       
A1167Triturus carnifex          DD 
BA213Tyto alba          DD       
BA232Upupa epops          DD       
BA142Vanellus vanellus          DD       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anemone nemorosa                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cordulegaster boltoni                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocidura suaveolens                   
Cychrus italicus                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Eleocharis palustris palustris                   
Erinaceus europaeus                   
Gentiana pneumonanthe pneumonanthe                   
Hierophis viridiflavus                   
Hyla intermedia                   
Hypsugo savii                   
Lacerta bilineata                   
1725Lindernia procumbens                   
Listera ovata                   
Ludwigia palustris                   
Maculinea alcon                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Mentha aquatica aquatica                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mycromis minutus                   
Myoxus glis                   
Natrix natrix                   
Nuphar lutea                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
Nymphaea alba                   
Peplis portula                   
Pilularia globulifera                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Polygonatum multiflorum                   
Potamogeton crispus                   
Potamogeton natans                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
Rana synklepton esculenta                   
Ranunculus flammula                   
Rorippa palustris                   
Salix rosmarinifolia                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sorex minutus                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Vipera aspis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0810.00
N1213.00
N1646.00
N1910.00
N202.00
N216.00
N2313.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

altro habitat presente Corine 53.01 (1%)

4.2 Quality and importance

Il sito rappresenta uno dei rari casi di bosco acidofilo di latifoglie tuttora presente in pianura. Si tratta di una vegetazione relitta che si imposta su suoli di natura argillosa ("ferretto"). Sebbene lo stato di conservazione non sia ottimale a causa del disturbo antropico e della presenza delle specie esotiche infestanti, la cenosi appare abbastanza ben caratterizzata per la presenza degli elementi distintivi (betulla, farnia, rovere, pino silvestre). L'altro habitat di interesse conservazionistico è la brughiera, presente al Parco delle Groane, importante perchè contiene specie protette (tra cui Gentiana pneumonanthe, Salix rosmarinifolia) e perchè è un habitat estremamente rarefatto in pianura. Il mantenimento della brughiera dipende strettamente dalla manutenzione dell'uomo, che con il taglio selettivo degli arbusti ne consente la sopravvivenza. Tra la fauna si segnala la presenza di una varia e ben strutturata comunità ornitica, soprattutto di specie forestali, con alcune emergenze come il Falco Pecchiaiolo e lo Sparviere, entrambe nidificanti. E' inoltre presente lo Scoiattolo, in uno degli ultimi siti di pianura dove questa specie è rimasta. Infine si segnala la recente individuazione del raro lepidottero Maculinea alcon, il cui ciclo riproduttivo presenta uno stretto e singolare legame con la formica Myrmica ruginodis.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MB02.03i
LD01.01i
LE01o
LE02o
LG01i
HG01.02b
HG05.02i
MH05.01b
HI01b
HK02b
MK03.02i
MK03.05b
LM01.02b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.03i
MB02.01.01b
MJ01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Type[%]
PublicNational/Federal0
State/Province0
Local/Municipal0
Any Public20
Joint or Co-Ownership0
Private80
Unknown0
sum100

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Buffagni A., Barcella M. et al., Settembre 1995. - Studio idrobiologico delle zone umide del Parco delle Groane- Banfi E., 1982. - La vegetazione del Parco delle Groane - Museo Civ. Milano Carta di sintesi dello stato di fatto - Consorzio Parco delle Groane - Piano di settore boschi

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
IT04100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):


No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Ente Gestore del Parco Regionale Groane
Address:
Email:luca.frezzini@parcogroane.it

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Piano di Gestione dei Siti di Interesse Comunitario - Anno 2007 - Pineta di Cesate Codice IT. 205.0001 - Boschi delle Groane Codice IT. 205.0002
Link: http://www.natura2000.servizirl.it/

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Misure di conservazione sito-specifiche (DGR 4429 del 30/11/2015)

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY