Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Monte Gemelli, Monte Guffone

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Emilia-Romagna - Direzione Generale Cura del territorio e dell'ambiente - Servizio Aree protette, foreste e sviluppo della montagna

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-02
National legal reference of SPA designationDeliberazione della Giunta Regionale dell'Emilia-Romagna n. 1816 del 22 settembre 2003
Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2020-05
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 20/05/2020 - G.U. 151 del 16-06-2020


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3140  info      1.9  0.00 
3240  info      53.15  0.00 
4030  info      2.35  0.00 
5130  info      274.51  0.00 
6210  info  X     1320.06  0.00 
6220  info      20.47  0.00 
6430  info      6.15  0.00 
6510  info      61.44  0.00 
7220  info      9.34  0.00 
8210  info      1.07  0.00 
8230  info      22.76  0.00 
8310  info      0.25  0.00 
9130  info      1192.92  0.00 
9180  info      582.38  0.00 
91E0  info      23.26  0.00 
9210  info      69  0.00 
9220  info      371.44  0.00 
9260  info      204.69  0.00 
92A0  info      11.45  0.00 
9340  info      4.03  0.00       
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis     
BA085Accipiter gentilis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA256Anthus trivialis          DD 
BA256Anthus trivialis          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA226Apus apus          DD 
BA091Aquila chrysaetos          DD 
BA091Aquila chrysaetos          DD 
I1092Austropotamobius pallipes          DD 
M1308Barbastella barbastellus          DD 
F1137Barbus plebejus          DD 
A5357Bombina pachipus          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo     
M1352Canis lupus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA030Ciconia nigra          DD       
BA080Circaetus gallicus          DD 
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD 
BA084Circus pygargus          DD 
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA113Coturnix coturnix          DD 
BA212Cuculus canorus          DD 
BA212Cuculus canorus          DD 
BA253Delichon urbica          DD 
BA253Delichon urbica          DD 
BA237Dendrocopos major          DD 
BA237Dendrocopos major          DD 
BA236Dryocopus martius          DD 
I1074Eriogaster catax          DD 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria          DD 
BA101Falco biarmicus          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
P4104Himantoglossum adriaticum          DD 
BA300Hippolais polyglotta          DD 
BA300Hippolais polyglotta          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA251Hirundo rustica          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
I1083Lucanus cervus          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos          DD 
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos          DD 
BA280Monticola saxatilis          DD 
BA280Monticola saxatilis          DD 
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD 
BA319Muscicapa striata          DD 
M1321Myotis emarginatus          DD 
M1324Myotis myotis          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
BA337Oriolus oriolus          DD 
I1084Osmoderma eremita          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus          DD 
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus          DD 
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli          DD 
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli          DD 
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris          DD 
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris          DD 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum          DD 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros          DD 
I4026Rhysodes sulcatus          DD 
I1087Rosalia alpina          DD 
F1136Rutilus rubilio          DD 
A5367Salamandrina perspicillata          DD 
F6135Salmo trutta macrostigma          DD       
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA304Sylvia cantillans          DD 
BA304Sylvia cantillans          DD 
BA309Sylvia communis          DD 
BA309Sylvia communis          DD 
F5331Telestes muticellus          DD 
A1167Triturus carnifex          DD 
BA232Upupa epops          DD 
BA232Upupa epops          DD 
I1014Vertigo angustior          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acanthocinus xanthoneurus                   
Aglia tau                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Catocala fraxini                   
2452Coronella girondica                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Epipactis palustris                   
Epipactis purpurata                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1866Galanthus nivalis                     
Gnorimus variabilis                   
5670Hierophis viridiflavus                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1344Hystrix cristata                   
5179Lacerta bilineata                   
Lissotriton vulgaris                   
1058Maculinea arion                   
1358Mustela putorius                     
1314Myotis daubentonii                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Percus passerinii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1329Plecotus austriacus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Quercus crenata                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1206Rana italica                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Saxifraga granulata                   
1185Speleomantes italicus                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Area dell'Appennino romagnolo su substrato marnoso arenaceo caratterizzata da faggete, quercete, boschi misti mesofili, pascoli, zone rupestri e praterie arbustate.

4.2 Quality and importance

Specie animali: Coronella girondica, specie presente con distribuzione altamente frammentata lungo la fascia medio-montana e collinare. Specializzata ad habitat xerici. Scarse conoscenze sulla distribuzione ed ecologia di popolazione.Catocala fraxini, sebbene diffusa su un ampio areale la specie non è frequente anche perchè molto ricercata dai collezionisti. Si sviluppa su Pioppi, oltre che su Frassino e altre latifoglie, ma in Italia sembra mal tollerare le estese e profonde trasformazioni agricolturali della pianura ed ha pertanto popolazioni molto localizzate, generalmente nell'orizzonte sub-montano.Aglia tau, le popolazioni dell'Appennino Romagnolo rappresentano un isolato relitto, essendo la specie limitata, in Italia, all'arco alpino e alle Prealpi Venete. E' associata prevalentemente al Faggio, pur potendosi sviluppare anche su altre latifoglie.Sito frequentato regolarmente come territorio di caccia da Canis lupus.Importante per Salamandrina terdigitata e Bombina variegata, data la buona qualità dell'habitat. Sito di Vertigo angustior.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

No information provided


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IT01Parco Nazionale Foreste Casentinesi*99.70

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:ENTI GESTORI: Parco nazionale Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona e Campigna - Reparto Carabinieri per la Biodiversità di Pratovecchio

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Le Misure Specifiche di Conservazione sono consultabili alla pagina web del sito:



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