Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



Back to top

1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Monte Cucco (sommità)

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Umbria Direzione Agricoltura e Foreste Servizio XI Promozione e Valorizzazione Sistemi Naturalistici e Paesaggistici

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2014-08
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 07/08/2014 - G.U. 194 del 22-08-2014


Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
6210  info      196  0.00   
8130  info      8.27  0.00   
8210  info      16.54  0.00   
8310  info      0.83  0.00         
9210  info      485.45  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis              DD         
BA086Accipiter nisus              DD         
BA324Aegithalos caudatus              DD         
BA247Alauda arvensis              DD         
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA229Alcedo atthis          DD 
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca     
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca     
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA259Anthus spinoletta              DD         
BA256Anthus trivialis              DD         
BA226Apus apus              DD         
BA091Aquila chrysaetos          DD 
BA221Asio otus              DD         
BA218Athene noctua          DD         
I1092Austropotamobius pallipes          DD 
BA215Bubo bubo          DD 
BA087Buteo buteo          DD         
M1352Canis lupus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA366Carduelis cannabina              DD         
BA364Carduelis carduelis              DD         
BA363Carduelis chloris              DD         
BA365Carduelis spinus              DD         
BA335Certhia brachydactyla              DD         
BA264Cinclus cinclus              DD         
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes              DD         
BA208Columba palumbus              DD         
BA349Corvus corone              DD         
BA347Corvus monedula              DD         
BA113Coturnix coturnix              DD         
BA212Cuculus canorus              DD         
BA253Delichon urbica              DD         
BA237Dendrocopos major              DD         
BA240Dendrocopos minor              DD         
BA378Emberiza cia              DD         
BA377Emberiza cirlus              DD         
BA376Emberiza citrinella              DD         
BA379Emberiza hortulana          DD 
BA269Erithacus rubecula              DD         
I1065Euphydryas aurinia          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA099Falco subbuteo              DD         
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD         
BA097Falco vespertinus          DD       
BA359Fringilla coelebs              DD         
BA360Fringilla montifringilla              DD         
BA342Garrulus glandarius              DD         
BA251Hirundo rustica              DD         
BA233Jynx torquilla              DD         
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
I1083Lucanus cervus          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos              DD         
BA383Miliaria calandra              DD         
BA280Monticola saxatilis          DD 
BA262Motacilla alba              DD         
M1323Myotis bechsteinii          DD       
M1316Myotis capaccinii          DD       
M1321Myotis emarginatus          DD 
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe          DD 
BA328Parus ater              DD         
BA329Parus caeruleus              DD         
BA330Parus major              DD         
BA325Parus palustris              DD         
BA356Passer montanus              DD         
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros              DD         
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus              DD         
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli              DD         
BA315Phylloscopus collybita              DD         
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix              DD         
BA235Picus viridis              DD         
BA266Prunella modularis              DD         
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris              DD         
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax     
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax     
BA372Pyrrhula pyrrhula              DD         
BA318Regulus ignicapillus              DD         
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum          DD 
I1087Rosalia alpina          DD 
A5367Salamandrina perspicillata          DD 
BA275Saxicola rubetra              DD         
BA276Saxicola torquata              DD         
BA155Scolopax rusticola              DD         
BA361Serinus serinus              DD         
BA332Sitta europaea              DD         
BA210Streptopelia turtur              DD         
BA219Strix aluco              DD         
BA311Sylvia atricapilla              DD         
BA309Sylvia communis              DD         
BA333Tichodroma muraria          DD         
A1167Triturus carnifex          DD 
BA286Turdus iliacus              DD         
BA283Turdus merula              DD         
BA285Turdus philomelos              DD         
BA284Turdus pilaris              DD         
BA287Turdus viscivorus              DD         
BA213Tyto alba              DD         
BA232Upupa epops              DD         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anguis fragilis                   
Aporia crataegi                   
Bufo bufo                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Dama dama                   
Dovalius bensai bensai                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hierophis viridiflavus                   
1344Hystrix cristata                   
Lacerta bilineata                   
Lathrobium montiscuccoi                   
Lepus europaeus corsicanus                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Mustela nivalis                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
Natrix natrix cetti                   
Passer italiae                   
Perchus andreinii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Ptrestichus andreinii batton                   
Ptrestichus andreinii battoni                   
Rana bergeri/Rana klepton hispanica                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1185Speleomantes italicus                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Vipera aspis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Rilievo calcareo tra i maggiori dell'Appennino umbro-marchigiano con notevoli manifestazioni di carsismo ipogeo (grotte fra le più profonde d'Europa) dove, oltre agli habitat segnalati con codice ed attribuiti alle associazioni: Prunetalia spinosae (5130), Asperulo purpureae-Brometum erecti e Brizo mediae-Brometum erecti (6210), Saxifrago australis-Trisetetum bertolonii (8213) e Polysticho-Fagetum (9210), sono presenti pascoli a Sesleria nitida del Seslerio nitidae-Brometum erecti, cespuglieti a Genista radiata e cenosi a Cynosurus cristatus, dell'alleanza Cynosurion.

4.2 Quality and importance

Il sito rappresenta uno dei migliori esempi dell'Appennino umbro-marchigiano di ambiente montano. Tutte le cenosi sono in buono stato di conservazione; spiccano le faggete della Val di Ranco e del Pian degli Spilli, governate ad alto fusto, e le ampie pareti rocciose del versante orientale del M. Cucco. Un particolare interesse rivestono i cespuglieti a Genista radiata del versante meridionale del Cucco, unici nell'Appennino umbro-marchigiano. L'area racchiude uno dei sistemi carsici ipogei più vasti d'Europa. Assai ricca e diversificata è la flora, tra cui spiccano, oltre alle endemiche, Astragalus vesicarius e Primula auricola, rare a livello regionale. Tra la fauna da segnalare anche Rana graeca (specie vulnerabile), Speleomantes italicus (specie stenotopa e vulnerabile), Coronella austriaca (specie vulnerabile), Buteo buteo, Falco tinnunculus, e Tichodroma muraria (specie poco comuni), Lepus europaeus (specie importante per la catena alimentare dell'aquila reale).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

No information provided

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Any Public100
Joint or Co-Ownership0

4.5 Documentation (optional)

No information provided


Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IT04Valle del Rio Freddo (Monte Cucco ) (Nat-2000)/0.00
IT13Valle del Rio Freddo (Monte Cucco ) (Nat-2000)/0.00
IT13Valle delle Prigioni (Monte Cucco) (Nat-2000)/0.00
IT04Valle delle Prigioni (Monte Cucco) (Nat-2000)/0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regione Umbria

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: DGR N. 209/2012

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



Back to top No information provided