Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



Back to top

1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Monti Maggio - Nero (sommità)

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Umbria Direzione Agricoltura e Foreste Servizio XI Promozione e Valorizzazione Sistemi Naturalistici e Paesaggistici

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2014-08
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 07/08/2014 - G.U. 194 del 22-08-2014


Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
6210  info      875.28  0.00   
8210  info      46.89  0.00   
8310  info      1.56  0.00         
9210  info      547.05  0.00   
9260  info      15.63  0.00   
9340  info      78.15  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus          DD         
BA324Aegithalos caudatus              DD         
BA247Alauda arvensis              DD         
BA255Anthus campestris          DD 
BA257Anthus pratensis              DD         
BA259Anthus spinoletta              DD         
BA256Anthus trivialis              DD         
BA226Apus apus              DD         
BA091Aquila chrysaetos          DD 
BA221Asio otus              DD         
BA087Buteo buteo          DD         
M1352Canis lupus          DD 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus          DD 
BA366Carduelis cannabina              DD         
BA364Carduelis carduelis              DD         
BA363Carduelis chloris              DD         
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD 
BA335Certhia brachydactyla              DD         
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA082Circus cyaneus          DD 
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes              DD         
BA208Columba palumbus          DD 
BA349Corvus corone              DD         
BA347Corvus monedula              DD         
BA113Coturnix coturnix              DD         
BA212Cuculus canorus          DD 
BA253Delichon urbica              DD         
BA237Dendrocopos major          DD         
BA378Emberiza cia              DD         
BA377Emberiza cirlus              DD         
BA376Emberiza citrinella              DD         
BA269Erithacus rubecula              DD         
I1065Euphydryas aurinia          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD 
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA096Falco tinnunculus          DD         
BA359Fringilla coelebs              DD         
BA342Garrulus glandarius          DD         
BA251Hirundo rustica              DD         
BA233Jynx torquilla          DD 
BA338Lanius collurio          DD 
I1083Lucanus cervus          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA246Lullula arborea          DD 
BA383Miliaria calandra              DD         
BA262Motacilla alba              DD         
BA261Motacilla cinerea              DD         
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe          DD 
BA214Otus scops              DD         
BA328Parus ater              DD         
BA329Parus caeruleus              DD         
BA330Parus major              DD         
BA325Parus palustris              DD         
BA356Passer montanus              DD         
BA112Perdix perdix              DD         
BA072Pernis apivorus          DD 
BA115Phasianus colchicus              DD         
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros              DD         
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli              DD         
BA315Phylloscopus collybita              DD         
BA235Picus viridis          DD         
BA267Prunella collaris              DD         
BA266Prunella modularis              DD         
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris              DD         
BA372Pyrrhula pyrrhula              DD         
BA318Regulus ignicapillus          DD 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum          DD 
I1087Rosalia alpina          DD 
A5367Salamandrina perspicillata          DD       
BA276Saxicola torquata              DD         
BA155Scolopax rusticola              DD         
BA361Serinus serinus              DD         
BA332Sitta europaea              DD         
BA210Streptopelia turtur          DD 
BA219Strix aluco          DD         
BA311Sylvia atricapilla              DD         
BA304Sylvia cantillans              DD         
BA309Sylvia communis              DD         
R1217Testudo hermanni          DD       
BA333Tichodroma muraria              DD         
A1167Triturus carnifex          DD       
BA265Troglodytes troglodytes              DD         
BA286Turdus iliacus              DD         
BA283Turdus merula              DD         
BA285Turdus philomelos              DD         
BA284Turdus pilaris              DD         
BA287Turdus viscivorus              DD         
BA232Upupa epops          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anguis fragilis                   
Aporia crataegi                   
Bufo bufo                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Cervus elaphus                   
Chalcides chalcides                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Eliomys quercinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Helicigona (Chilostoma) cingolata                   
Hierophis viridiflavus                   
Hyla intermedia                   
Hypsugo savii                   
1344Hystrix cristata                   
Lacerta bilineata                   
Lepus europaeus / corsicanus                   
Martes foina                   
Medora albescens                   
Meles meles                   
Microtus savii                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Myodes glareolus                   
Natrix natrix                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Passer italiae                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1250Podarcis sicula                   
Rana bergeri / Rana klepton hispanica                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1206Rana italica                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sorex samniticus                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Vipera aspis                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Complesso montuoso calcareo contraddistinto, sul versante occidentale, da forre e piccole pareti rocciose. Il manto vegetale, oltre che dagli habitat segnalati con codice ed attribuiti a: Prunetalia spinosae (5130), Asperulo purpureae-Brometum erecti e Brizo medie-Brometum erecti (6210), Saponario-Salicetum purpureae (92A0), Saxifrago australis-Trisetetum bertolonii (8213) e Polysticho-Fagetum (9210), è caratterizzato da boschi cedui di Ostrya carpinifolia, dell'associazione Scutellario-Ostryetum, e da pascoli a Sesleria nitida, riferiti al Seslerio nitidae-Brometum erecti. Sulla sommità del M. Serra Santa è presente un lembo di seslerieto a Sesleria apennina. Sulle balze sono diffusi popolamenti arbustivi a Quercus ilex (9340), mentre sui versanti ombrosi si trovano piccoli nuclei di Castanea sativa (9260).

4.2 Quality and importance

Il sito rappresenta un ottimo esempio di ambiente appenninico alto-collinare e montano. Tutte le fitocenosi sono in buono stato di conservazione; in particolar modo le faggete ad alto fusto del M. Nero, ed i vastissimi pascoli sommitali inquadrati in numerose associazioni. Ricca e diversificata è anche la flora che, oltre alle endemiche, mostra specie rare a livello nazionale come Dictamus albus, rare a livello regionale come Gagea pratensis ed Anthericum ramosum e di particolare interesse fitogeografico per l'Umbria come Poa chaixi. Tra la fauna, da segnalare anche Helicigona (Chilostoma cingulata philippi (mollusco poco comune presente solo nei massicci carbonatici dell'Appennino centrale), Medora albescens (altro mollusco poco comune), Rana graeca (specie vulnerabile), Accipiter nisus (specie rara), Buteo buteo, Falco tinnunculus (poco comuni), Capreolus capreolus (reintrodotto, importante per la catena alimentare del lupo), Lepus europaeus (importante per la catena alimentare dell'aquila reale),

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

No information provided

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Any Public60
Joint or Co-Ownership0

4.5 Documentation (optional)

No information provided


Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

No information provided

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No information provided


Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regione Umbria

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: DGR N. 252/2012

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

No information provided



Back to top No information provided