Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

ITA090012

1.3 Site name

Grotta Palombara

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-06

1.5 Update date

2019-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Regione Siciliana Ass.to Territorio e Ambiente Servizio 4°
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-09
Date site confirmed as SCI: No information provided
Date site designated as SAC:2017-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:DM 07/12/2017 - G.U. 296 del 20-12-2017

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:15.197752
Latitude:37.105143

2.2 Area [ha]

61.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]


No information provided

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
ITG1Sicilia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3170  info      0.97  0.00 
5330  info      0.28  0.00 
5420  info      2.24  0.00 
6220  info      45.34  0.00 
8310  info      0.015  1.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA222Asio flammeus          DD       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus          DD       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla          DD       
BA081Circus aeruginosus          DD       
BA083Circus macrourus          DD       
R1293Elaphe situla          DD       
BA103Falco peregrinus          DD       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus     
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii          DD 
M1324Myotis myotis          DD 
M1305Rhinolophus euryale          DD 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agrius convolvuli                   
Amegilla quadrifasciata                   
Andrena scita                   
Anthidiellum strigatum                   
Apopestes spectrum                   
Arctia villica angelica                   
Athalia bicolor                   
Athalia cordata                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Bathytropa dollfusi                   
Bathytropa granulata                   
Bathytropa patanei                   
Blakeius leopoldinus                   
Bombus pascuorum siciliensis                   
Bufo bufo spinosus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Chalicodoma sicula                   
1284Coluber viridiflavus                   
4001Crocidura sicula                   
Cymbalophora pudica                   
Eilema caniola                   
Eilema complana                   
Eliomys quercinus                   
Eucera eucnemidea                   
Eumenes m. mediterraneus                   
Euphorbia dendroides                   
Evylaeus malachurus                   
Evylaeus villosulus                   
Habropoda tarsata                   
Habropoda zonatula                   
Halictus scabiosae                   
Hylaeus punctatus                   
Hyles euphorbiae                   
Lasiochernes siculus                   
Leptyphantes carusoi                   
Macroglossum stellatarum                   
Macrophya montana                   
Myrmilla bison                   
Myrmilla calva                   
Myrmilla capitata                   
Nelima meridionalis                   
Nesiotoniscus helenae                   
Noctua pronuba                   
Nomada sexfasciata                   
Nomioides facilis                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys lutea                   
Ophrys sphegodes                   
Orchis collina                   
Orchis italica                   
Osmia kohli                   
Phalacropteryx apiformis                   
Phlomis fruticosa                   
Phragmatobia fuliginosa                   
Physetopoda lucasii lucasii                   
1250Podarcis sicula                   
1244Podarcis wagleriana                   
Pyganthophora pruinosa                   
Pyganthophora retusa                   
Rhodanthidium septemdentatum                   
Rhodanthidium sticticum                   
Roncus siculus                   
Ronisia brutia brutia                   
Ronisia ghilianii                   
Salvia fruticosa                   
Scoliopteryx libatrix                   
Smicromyrme ausonia                   
Smicromyrme fasciaticollis                   
Smicromyrme ruficollis                   
Smicromyrme sicana                   
Stenomutilla hottentotta                   
Syntomis kruegeri                   
Tarentola mauritanica mauritanica                   
Trichorina paolae                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0810.00
N0970.00
N155.00
N225.00
N2310.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

All'interno del sito ricade una grotta carsica caratterizzata da una piccola apertura, localizzata in un'area incolta. Geologicamente è interessata da calcari miocenici con superfici più o meno pianeggianti. L'area ricade all'interno della fascia bioclimatica termomediterranea subumida. La vegetazione naturale è rappresentata da frammenti di gariga nelle zone rocciose più pianeggianti, o da macchia ad Euphorbia dendroides sui costoni rocciosi. Abbastanza diffuse sono le praterie steppiche a Hyparrhenia hirta.

4.2 Quality and importance

Grotta di ridotte dimensioni, molto concrezionata e ricca di specie endemiche, molte delle quali esclusive di poche cavità della regione iblea. Essa ospita inoltre colonie di Chirotteri numericamente significative sia su scala locale che regionale. L'epigeo non presenta aspetti naturalisticamente rilevanti ed è caratterizzato da praterie e incolti. La vegetazione naturale nel complesso si presenta piuttosto degradata e non mostra particolari interesse naturalistico e paesaggistico. Sotto il profilo floristico si rileva comunque la presenza di alcune specie di un certo interesse geobotanico, in parte menzionate nell'elenco riportato nella sezione 3.3 (D).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA 04.02.01Ni
LD 01.01Xi
MD 01.02Xi
MD 01.05Xi
LD 02.01.01i
ME 02.03Xo
HH 04.01Ab
HH 05.01Xb
HH 06.01.02b
MI 01b
HJ 01.01 Xb
MJ 02.07.02b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation


No information provided

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IT0525.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IT05R.N.I. Grotta Palombara*100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Piano di gestione approvato con prescrizione Monti Iblei decreto n. 666 del 30/06/2009
Link:

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY