Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

LV0302800

1.3 Site name

Engures ezers

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-11

1.5 Update date

2019-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Nature Conservation Agency
Address:               
Email:pasts@daba.gov.lv

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designationhttp://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=22697
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2004-05
Date site designated as SAC:2004-05
National legal reference of SAC designation:http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=22697

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.118900
Latitude:57.249500

2.2 Area [ha]

12579.5200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
LV00Latvija
LV00Latvija
LV00Latvija

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Boreal (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      2.28  0.00       
1150  info      0.34  0.00 
1170  info      3.16  0.00       
1210  info      0.9  0.00 
1220  info      2.86  0.00 
1310  info      0.04  0.00 
1630  info      12.21  0.00 
1640  info      2.41  0.00 
2110  info      1.66  0.00 
2120  info      7.3  0.00 
2130  info      4.35  0.00 
2180  info      1178.44  0.00 
2320  info      0.00 
3140  info      2464.45  0.00 
3150  info      0.00       
4030  info      2.67  0.00       
5130  info      0.17  0.00       
6120  info      0.51  0.00       
6210  info      6.78  0.00       
6230  info      5.5  0.00       
6270  info      20.12  0.00       
6410  info      35.88  0.00 
6430  info      0.00 
6510  info      0.64  0.00 
7140  info      43.25  0.00 
7210  info      395.27  0.00 
7230  info      1401.49  0.00 
9010  info      366.03  0.00 
9050  info      10.9  0.00       
9080  info      236.25  0.00 
91D0  info      62.09  0.00 
91E0  info      75.63  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA223Aegolius funereus     
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA229Alcedo atthis    10   
BA050Anas penelope         
BA041Anser albifrons    500  5000   
BA039Anser fabalis    500  5000   
BA255Anthus campestris     
BA089Aquila pomarina     
BA222Asio flammeus     
BA059Aythya ferina   
BA061Aythya fuligula    21 
BA060Aythya nyroca     
BA021Botaurus stellaris    25  35   
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA067Bucephala clangula    825 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    12   
BA197Chlidonias niger    87  177   
BA031Ciconia ciconia     
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    15  30   
BA084Circus pygargus     
F1149Cobitis taenia         
F1163Cottus gobio      DD 
BA122Crex crex    10   
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii      DD 
BA038Cygnus cygnus    DD 
BA038Cygnus cygnus    88 
BA036Cygnus olor    422  3225 
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos     
P1954Dianthus arenarius ssp. arenarius    1284  1328   
BA236Dryocopus martius     
I1081Dytiscus latissimus    300  600 
BA027Egretta alba    250  260   
BA379Emberiza hortulana     
I6169Euphydryas maturna    90  180 
BA320Ficedula parva    50  80   
BA125Fulica atra         
BA002Gavia arctica      DD 
BA001Gavia stellata      DD 
I1082Graphoderus bilineatus    50 
BA127Grus grus    1000  3000   
BA127Grus grus    10  25   
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla   
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA022Ixobrychus minutus     
F1099Lampetra fluviatilis      DD 
F1096Lampetra planeri      DD 
BA338Lanius collurio    10   
BA177Larus minutus    23  44   
BA179Larus ridibundus    3461  4856 
I1042Leucorrhinia pectoralis    1000  5000 
P2216Linaria loeselii    20   
P1903Liparis loeselii    207  307   
BA246Lullula arborea    10  15   
M1355Lutra lutra    10 
I1060Lycaena dispar    30  40 
BA068Mergus albellus   
BA070Mergus merganser    155 
F1145Misgurnus fossilis      DD 
M1318Myotis dasycneme      DD 
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA151Philomachus pugnax     
BA241Picoides tridactylus     
BA234Picus canus    10   
BA120Porzana parva    80  100   
BA119Porzana porzana    10  20   
P1477Pulsatilla patens      DD 
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus      DD 
BA195Sterna albifrons     
BA193Sterna hirundo    301  388   
BA194Sterna paradisaea     
BA409Tetrao tetrix tetrix    10  10   
BA108Tetrao urogallus     
A1166Triturus cristatus         
I1014Vertigo angustior          DD 
I1015Vertigo genesii      DD 
I1013Vertigo geyeri    190000  190000  area   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1048Aeshna viridis         
A053Anas platyrhynchos    41           
Anser anser               
Armiger crista                 
Atriplex calotheca             
Atriplex glabriuscula               
Batrachium peltatum               
Blysmus rufus             
Botrychium virginianum             
Canis lupus           
Carabus clathratus               
Carabus menethriesi               
Carabus nitens               
Carex buxbaumii             
Carex ornithopoda             
Carex paupercula             
Carex pseudobrizoides             
Carex scandinavica             
Castor fiber               
Centaurium littorale             
Centaurium pulchellum             
Chalcophora mariana             
Charadrius hiaticula               
Cicindela maritima               
Cladium mariscus             
1070Coenonympha hero    20  50       
Columba oenas               
Corallorrhiza trifida             
1283Coronella austriaca    100  200     
Dactylorhiza cruenta             
Dactylorhiza fuchsii             
Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp. incarnata             
Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp. ochroleuca             
Dactylorhiza maculata             
Dentaria bulbifera             
Dolomedes plantarius                 
Emus hirtus               
Euphrasia micrantha               
Festuca altissima             
Glaux maritima             
Glyceria striata             
Gymnadenia conopsea             
Hammarbya paludosa             
Herminium monorchis             
Hydrocotyle vulgaris               
Juncus gerardii               
1261Lacerta agilis             
1261Lacerta agilis             
Laphria flava               
A184Larus argentatus    10           
A184Larus argentatus    31  49           
A182Larus canus             
Larus ridibundus    5000  10000             
Lathyrus maritimus               
Lathyrus niger               
1400Leucobryum glaucum    area               
1038Leucorrhinia albifrons    3000  4000       
1035Leucorrhinia caudalis           
Libellula fulva               
Limosa limosa    20             
Listera cordata               
A292Locustella luscinioides             
1067Lopinga achine    300  800       
5191Lycopodiella inundata           
5104Lycopodium annotinum             
5105Lycopodium clavatum             
Lycopodium dubium             
Lynx lynx           
Malaxis monophyllos               
Moerckia hibernica               
Montia fontana               
2632Mustela erminea             
Myrica gale               
Najas marina               
Nehalennia speciosa             
Nothorhina punctata                 
Ophrys insectifera               
Orchis militaris               
Orobanche pallidiflora             
Panurus biarmicus               
Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum               
Platanthera bifolia               
Platanthera chlorantha             
Poa remota               
Podiceps nigricollis               
Primula farinosa               
Pulsatilla pratensis               
Pyrola media               
1214Rana arvalis                 
Ruppia maritima               
Salix phylicifolia               
Schoenus ferrugineus               
Serratula tinctoria               
1343Sicista betulina         
Stenagostus rufus             
Tadorna tadorna    10  20             
Taraxacum palustre               
Techybaptes ruficollis               
Triglochin maritimum               
Viola persicifolia               
Zannichellia palustris               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0135.00
N031.00
N0613.00
N0716.00
N085.00
N122.00
N141.00
N164.00
N1718.00
N194.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Engure Lake Nature park includes the largest ancient lagoon lake in Latvia (3500 ha). Up to 40% of whole area of the lake are covered by reedbeds formed mainly by Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia and Typa latifolia. Still quite remarkable areas are covered by different Chara sp. stands. The lake is surrounded mainly by pine forests on the eastern side and by mixed forests on the western side. There are several oldgrowth forest compartments in the forests on the western side. There are several old-growth forest compartments in the coastal area consisting of pines more than 140 years old. More than 800 vascular plant species are recorded in this area. Altogether 185 bird species are breeding there. Rare rich fen vegetation has developed in the depressions on previous lake sediments on the eastern part lake (Natura 2000 habitat codes: 7210, 7230). There are also coastal meadows near Mersrags.

4.2 Quality and importance

Main qualifying features are 3140, 2180, 7230, 7210, 1210, 1150,1630. Qualifying species are Dytiscus latissimus, Leucorrhinia pectoralis, Vertigo angustior, Vertigo genesii, Vertigo geyeri, Graphoderus bilineatus, Liparis loeselii, Dianthus arenarius arenarius, Linaria loeselii, Pulsatilla patens, Triturus cristatus, Lutra lutra, Myotis dasycneme, Lampetra planeri, Cobitis taenia, Misgurnus fossilis, Cottus gobio, Rhodeus sericeus amarus. Engure Lake is a Ramsar site since 1995 and IBA since 1989. Offshore area is a part of the site of HELCOM Convention.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.03i
LB02.02i
MB02.04i
LD01.02o
MD01.02i
LD02.01i
MD05i
ME01.03i
LE03.01i
HF02.03i
HF03.01i
MF04i
MG01.02i
MG01.03i
MG01.03.02i
MG05i
MG05.01i
LI01i
LJ02.10i
HK02i
HK02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA03i
LD01.01i
LD01.02o
LD02.01i
MD05i
ME01.03i
LG01.02i
MG01.03i
MJ01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)


No information provided

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
LV03100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
Engure Lake+19.00
LV03Engures dabas parks=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Engure Lake+19.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)


No information provided

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Nature Conservation Agency
Address:
Email:pasts@daba.gov.lv

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Dabas parka Engures ezers dabas aizsardzibas plans
Link: http://www.daba.gov.lv/public/lat/iadt/dabas_parki/engures_ezers/

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

The first site management plan was prepared in 1999 and partly implemented by a LIFE-Nature project 2001-2004. Second plan was approved in 2011.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:LV0302800
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY