Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

MT0000008

1.3 Site name

L-Għadira s-Safra u l-Iskoll tal-Għallis

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2019-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:               
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2016-12
National legal reference of SAC designation:Government Notice No. 1379 of 2016, in accordance with the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2016 (S.L. 549.44)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.450000
Latitude:35.950000

2.2 Area [ha]

2.8200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
MT00Malta

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1420  info      0.49  0.00 
3170  info      0.29  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them


No species are reported for the site

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


No information provided

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0331.82
N2449.35
N0618.83

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

L-Għadira s-Safra is a temporary rainwater body situated on the northeastern coast of Malta, between Għallis and Qalet Marku, in a bed of Lower Coralline Limestone less than a metre above sea level. The temporary pool supports biotic assemblages that are typical of freshwater habitats during the wet period and halophytic species colonise the area around the pool. Although the pool is close to the sea, the characteristic fauna is typical of freshwater despite the fact that the highest salinity recorded from this water body is well below the upper limit for “fresh” waters. Għallis rocks have characteristics of rocky shoals as the sea inundates them for a significant part of the year and consequently they neither support terrestrial vegetation nor a real supralittoral zone. However, this shoal is a significant resident, resting and foraging site for avifauna and also important for migratory birds.

4.2 Quality and importance

L-Għadira s-Safra is one of the two localities for the locally endangered Prickle Grass (Crypsis aculeata, which is listed in the National Red Data Book as endangered). This wetland also supports the rare Tadpole Shrimp (Triops cancriformis, listed in the National Red Data Book), and the Fairy Shrimp Branchipus schaefferi, having a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands. These rare animals are typical of freshwater conditions rather than the prevailing saline environment. The endangered woodlouse Tylos latreillei sardous (sometimes considered a species in its own right) is also present. In addition, Cressa cretica (listed in the National Red Data Book as a rare species with a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands being confined to saline marshlands such as L-Għadira s-Safra) and the Polygonum maritimum (listed in the National Red Data Book as endangered with a restricted distribution in the Maltese Islands) have been recorded at L-Għadira s-Safra. Both are still present although Polygonum does not occur consistently. Vegetation in this site is dominated by Plantago spp. such as Plantago crypsoides and Plantago macrorhiza, Crithmum maritimum and Limbarda crithmoides (= Inula crithmoides). Following the relocation of the coast road the site expanded in size and typical species of Nerio-Tamaricetea, Tamarisk africana, Vitex agnus-castus and Nerium oleander (monopetalous) were planted to start rehabilitating the new area.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Mo
Mo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)


No information provided

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Environment and Resources Authority
Address:
Email:natura.2000@era.org.mt

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: L-Għadira s-Safra
Link: https://era.org.mt/en/Pages/Natura-2000-Management-Planning.aspx

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:MT.ERA.MT0000008
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY