Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Achadas da Cruz

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:1995-06
Date site confirmed as SCI:2001-12
Date site designated as SAC:2009-07
National legal reference of SAC designation:Resolução do Conselho de Governo da Região Autónoma da Madeira n.º 751/2009, de 2 de Julho


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
PT30Região Autónoma da Madeira

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Macaronesian (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1250  info      0.00 
5330  info      0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA401Accipiter nisus granti                 
BA110Alectoris rufa                 
BA425Apus unicolor                 
BA087Buteo buteo                 
P1810Calendula maderensis          DD 
BA010Calonectris diomedea                 
BA366Carduelis cannabina                 
BA364Carduelis carduelis                 
BA363Carduelis chloris                 
BA365Carduelis spinus                 
BA206Columba livia                 
BA455Columba trocaz                 
BA269Erithacus rubecula                 
BA096Falco tinnunculus                 
BA657Fringilla coelebs all others                 
BA604Larus michahellis                 
P1539Marcetella maderensis          DD 
P1579Maytenus umbellata          DD 
BA261Motacilla cinerea                 
P1754Musschia aurea          DD 
BA390Oceanodroma castro                 
BA013Puffinus puffinus                 
BA652Regulus madeirensis                 
P1854Scilla maderensis          DD 
BA450Serinus canaria                 
BA311Sylvia atricapilla                 
BA303Sylvia conspicillata                 
BA283Turdus merula                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Aeonium glandulosum                   
Aeonium glutinosum                   
Aichryson divaricatum                   
Amphorella hypselia                   
Amphorella tornatellina tornatellina                   
Argyranthemum dissectum                   
Artemisia argentea                   
Boettgeria exigua                   
Crambe fruticosa                   
Craspedopoma mucronatum                   
Discula polymorpha polymorpha                   
Disculella maderensis taeniata                   
Echium nervosum                   
Euphorbia piscatoria                   
Exormotheca pustulosa                   
Genista tenera                   
Helichrysum melaleucum                   
Helichrysum obconicum                   
Hypericum glandulosum                   
Janulus bifrons                   
Leiostyla recta                   
Leptaxis simia simia                   
Lotus argyrodes                   
Matthiola maderensis                   
Micromeria maderensis                   
Oedipodiella australis                   
Olea maderensis                   
Porella canariensis                   
Saxifraga maderensis                   
Sedum nudum                   
Siderites candicans                   
Sinapidendron angustifolium                   
Sinapidendron gymnocalix                   
Sonchus latifolius                   
Spirorbula latens                   
Spirorbula squalida                   
6201Teira dugesii               
Teline maderensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

O sítio é constituído maioritariamente por falésias com vegetação característica do litoral. Existem alguns pousios agrícolas em progressivo abandono e já parcialmente invadidos por vegetação indígena.

4.2 Quality and importance

É de extrema importância para a conservação de espécies florísticas incluídas na Directiva, nomeadamente Scilla maderensis, Maytenus umbellata, Calendula maderensis e Musschia aurea.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Borges PAV, Abreu C, Aguiar AMF, Carvalho P, Jardim R, Melo I, Oliveira P, Sérgio C, Serrano ARM, Vieira P (eds.) (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo. Cameron RAD, Cook LM (2001). Madeiran snails: Faunal differentiation on a small island, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 67:257-267. Jardim R, Sequeira MM (2011). Sonchus parathalassius J.G. Costa ex R. Jardim & M. Seq., a new species from Porto SantoIsland (Madeira Archipelago). Silva Lusitana 19(2): 233 – 245. Press JR, Short MJ (1994). Flora of Madeira. London, HMSO Puppo P, Meimberg.H (2015). New species and new combinations in Micromeria (Lamiaceae) from the Canary Islands and Madeira. Phytotaxa 230 (1): 1-21. Rivas-Martínez S, Fernández-González F, Loidi J, Lousã M, Penas A (2002). Olea maderensis (Lowe) Rivas Mart. & Del Arco comb. nov., p. 705. IN: Vascular Plant Communities of Spain and Portugal Addenda to the Syntaxonomical Checklist of 2001. Itinera Geobotanica 15(2): 433-922. Seddon MB (2008). An illustrated compendium of the landsnails and slugs of the Madeiran archipelago. Studies in Biodiversity and Systematics of Terrestrial Organisms from the National Museum of Wales, Biotir Reports. Sérgio C et al. (1994). Lista Vermelha dos Briófitos da Península Ibérica. Sérgio C, Fontinha, S (1992). Natural and semi-natural bryophyte flora of the coastal dry zones of Madeira island.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
PT08Parque Natural da Madeira*50.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
biogeneticFloresta laurisilva da Madeira/0.00


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais; Rua Dr. Pestana Júnior, nº 6 - 5º Andar 9064-506 Funchal

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Programa de Medidas de Gestão e Conservação das Achadas da Cruz
Link: http://

No, but in preparation



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