Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Ilhas Selvagens

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1988-03
National legal reference of SPA designationDecreto Legislativo Regional N.º 3/2014/M, de 3 de Março


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):

No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
PT30Região Autónoma da Madeira

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Macaronesian (0.23 %) Marine Macaronesian (99.77 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00   
1140  info      0.00   
1160  info      0.00   
1250  info      0.00   
5330  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA432Anthus berthelotti    100  500 
BA028Ardea cinerea                 
BA169Arenaria interpres                 
P1824Argyranthemum thalassophilum          DD 
BA387Bulweria bulwerii    5000     
BA010Calonectris diomedea    30000     
R1224Caretta caretta                 
BA253Delichon urbica                 
BA026Egretta garzetta                 
BA096Falco tinnunculus                 
BA251Hirundo rustica                 
BA604Larus michahellis    11  50 
BA262Motacilla alba                 
BA160Numenius arquata                 
BA158Numenius phaeopus                 
BA390Oceanodroma castro    1000     
BA389Pelagodroma marina    77000  110000   
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros                 
BA315Phylloscopus collybita                 
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus                 
BA388Puffinus assimilis    1400     
P1854Scilla maderensis          DD 
BA192Sterna dougallii                       
BA193Sterna hirundo    50     
BA210Streptopelia turtur                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agrotis selvagensis                   
Deuchalium oceanicus                   
Euphorbia desfoliata                 
Limonium papillatum var. callibotryum                 
Lobularia canariensis ssp. rosula-venti                 
Lobularia canariensis ssp. succulenta                 
Lotus glaucus ssp. salvagensis                 
Monanthes lowei                 
Plantago afra var. obtusata                 
Scilla madeirensis var. melliodora                 
2385Tarentola bischoffi                 
Teira dugesii selvagensis                 
Theba macandrewiana                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

As Ilhas Selvagens são constituídas pela Selvagem Grande, Selvagem Pequena e Ilhéu de Fora. A distância entre as duas primeiras é de cerca de 11 milhas.

4.2 Quality and importance

As Ilhas Selvagens contam com 361 taxa, 175 das quais são endémicas. A Selvagem Pequena e o Ilhéu de Fora nunca foram alvo de qualquer tipo de introdução. As colónias de aves marinhas são de extrema importância, sendo das mais numerosas da Macaronésia.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)

Backhuys W. (1972) Notes on Theba pisana ustulata (Lowe, 1852), the land-snail of the Salvages Islands, Basteria, 36:117-130. Borges PAV, Abreu C, Aguiar AMF, Carvalho P, Jardim R, Melo I, Oliveira P, Sérgio C, Serrano ARM. Vieira P (eds.) (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores, Funchal and Angra do Heroísmo. Camara D., Teixeira AM (1980). Autumn occurrence of Palaearctic migrants on Selvagem Grande Island (Madeira). Bocagiana 50: 1-3. Costa Neves H (1995). Analysis of the vegetation of the Ilhéu de Fora, Selvagens Islands. Boletim Museu Municipal do Funchal Supl. 4: 505-510. Martof JC den, Morrevang A, Zino PA (1984). Bird observations in the Selvagens Islands (21-23 October 1978 and 27 May-7 June 1981) [CANCAP-Project]. Boletim Museu Municipal do Funchal 36(160): 111-141 Monod, T. (1990). Conspectus Florae Salvagicae. Boletim Museu Municipal do Funchal Supl. 1:1-114. Monteiro, L, Granadeiro, J.; Oliveira, P, Ramos J (1995). Conservation of seabird population in the Portuguese Atlantic. Abstracts of papers presented at the 5th International Seabird Group Conference. Mougin JL, Jouanin C, Roux F, Staml JC (1984). C. R. Acad. Sci (III). Press JR, Short MJ (1994). Flora of Madeira. London, HMSO. Rufino R, Araújo A (1981). Migradores palearticos nas Ilhas Selvagens. SEA/CEMPA Lisboa. Zino, P.A. 1971. Ibis 113: 212-217. Sandral G, Remizowa MV, Sokoloff DD (2006). A taxonomic survey of Lotus section Pedrosia (Leguminosae, Loteae). Wulfenia 13: 97–192 Seddon MB (2008). An illustrated compendium of the landsnails and slugs of the Madeiran archipelago. Studies in Biodiversity and Systematics of Terrestrial Organisms from the National Museum of Wales, Biotir Reports. Zino PA (1971). Ibis 113: 212-217


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
PT01Reserva Natural das Ilhas Selvagens=9.20

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
eurodiplomaReserva Natural das Ilhas Selvagens-9.20

5.3 Site designation (optional)

A Reserva Natural é candidata a Património Mundial da UNESCO. Parte desta Zona de protecção Especial é também classificada como Zona Especial de Conservação Ilhas Selvagens (PTSEL0001), ao abrigo da Directiva Habitats


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e Recursos Naturais: Rua Dr. Pestana Júnior, nº 6 - 5º Andar 9064-506 Funchal

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Plano de Ordenamento e Gestão das Ilhas Selvagens (POGIS)
Link: http://

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

A Selvagem Grande conta com vigilância permanente e a Selvagem Pequena, por razões de ordem logística, conta com vigilância entre os meses de Abril e Outubro. Existe uma monitorização constante da fauna e flora destas ilhas. Este trabalho é efetuado pelos técnicos e vigilantes do Parque Natural da Madeira, assim como por investigadores da região, do continente e da União Europeia.



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