Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

SE0230355

1.3 Site name

Föllingsö

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-01

1.5 Update date

2012-08

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Östergötlands län
Address:               
Email:ostergotland@lansstyrelsen.se

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2002-01
Date site confirmed as SCI:2005-01
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Governmental act M2010/4648/Nm

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:15.602900
Latitude:57.979600

2.2 Area [ha]

30.7000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Boreal (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.2  0.00       
3260  info      1.2  0.00 
6270  info      14.6  0.00 
6410  info      1.2  0.00 
6510  info      0.3  0.00 
9070  info      6.3  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1032Unio crassus          DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N064.00
N1080.00
N1616.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The Föllingsö resident and the surrounding pastoral landscape with meadows, pastures, arable fields, buildings, ancient remnants, lakes and rivers, is situated close by the lake Nedre Föllingen in the County of Kinda. This site is only 1,5 km west of the Kisa City and is an area with many visitors. Föllingsö have high nature- and culture values and is now under restoration to became the pastoral landscape as it looked like in the early 19th century. Föllingsö is of national interest of both culture and nature. History Ancient time: During 400 B.C. - 400 A.D. was the area at Föllingsö first occupied by man. There are three graves and areas with really old arable fields and mounds of boulders removed from fields and a place of settlement on a horizontal shelf. By the graves and the place for the settlement, goes an old path called "The Beautiful path". This is believed to be a former prehistoric path through the area. Middle Ages: The name Föllingsö is known in literature since 1278 A.D. and was then spelled Filungxhede. "Filungx-" is the first sentence in the name of the nearby lake Nedre Föllingen and "-hede" is a variant of crossing place, and means the crossing over the river Kisaån, which goes trough the area. This crossing place over Kisaån at Lake Nedre Föllingen has given its name to this site. During the 14th century owned the Linköpings diocese Föllingsö. Föllingsö was testament to Vreta Kloster (a monastery) and becomes two monastery estates and remains so during the most time of the Middle Ages. With the reformation did the Crone (State) take the land from the monastery. The buildings at Föllingsö The year of 1629 bought Per Matsson (Stiernfelt) Föllingsö from the Crone (State). The first estate was built near the lake. In the middle of the 1750s were the buildings of today established in late baroque stile. Four other smaller buildings flank this building. The material in the buildings has been tested and the wood in the construction is from 1630-31 and 1660. Old maps over Föllingsö The landuse over Föllingsö in ancient times is not so good, as far as old maps is concerned. The first map is from the 1820s. This map is from the so-called "storskiftet". This map reveals an old and ancient farming landscape with meadows, pastures, fencing systems and arable fields in a small scale. There is a lot of information from the map that is possible to see in the landscape of today at Föllingsö. Most of the valuable pastures are former meadows or pasturelands, the place with Gentianella campestris ssp campestris (the variant with an early flowering period) grows in the former "Hässlehagen" or the "Hazelpasture". This was pastureland and meadows on the map from 1820. The arable fields are very rich of stones, which also is easy to see with all these mounds of boulders in and by the fields. Föllingsö today The National Heritage Board and the County Administration Board of Östergötland, rents this area from the Svenska Riddarhuset AB during a period of 25 years from 1992. This landscape is under reconstruction and restoration to become the landscape as the map from 1820 describes. The pastures was overgrown with bushes, the fences was poor and lacking over big distances. Now is the grazing back at Föllingsö, new fences of wood is under construction and pollarding of trees has been started. There is two meadows managed as in old times at Föllingsö, with a very valuable flora and fauna, as well as the pastures. The pastures is now much more open and the bushes have been cut away, mostly Juniper communis, and younger trees have also been cut away. Almost all juniper communis have been used as material to build new wood-fences at Föllingsö around arable fields, roads, pastures and meadows. Some of the pastures will have a canopy with deciduous trees and broad-leaved trees even in the future. Findings of rare lichens, herbs, insects and fungi have been done in area. The most recently finding is from the small river

4.2 Quality and importance

Föllingsö is a very valuable site with a large number of characteristic species represented in the pastures and meadows. Föllingsö has only few similarities in Östergötland and is on the list of the national conservation plan for the agricultural landscape. This area is under restoration to how the landscape could bee managed during the 19th century. There is also a lot of cultural remnants and values in this site, and RAÄ (National Heritage Board) rents this site and support the restoration together with the county administration board at Linköping.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03.03i
HA04.03i
HB02i
HB06i
MH01o
MH01.05o
MJ02.15i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03.02i
HA04.02i
HB06i
HB06i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Ängs- och Hagmarksinventeringen i Östergötlands län. Unpubl. Länsstyrelsen i Östergötlands län, 581 86 Linköping.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
SE00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Östergötlands län
Address:
Email:ostergotland@lansstyrelsen.se

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Föllingsö
Link: http://skyddadnatur.naturvardsverket.se/

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

The site is managed with agri-environmental aid from EU and Sweden. There is also a management plan included to this aid. This aid will at least continue until 2005. The landowner and the county administration board have a contract over 25 years, during this time the area is managed.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:SE.SWEPA.SE0230355
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY