Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

SE0330176

1.3 Site name

Stora Alvaret

1.4 First Compilation date

2000-02

1.5 Update date

2012-08

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län
Address:               
Email:kalmar@lansstyrelsen.se

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2000-07
National legal reference of SPA designationGovernmental act M2000/1680/Na
Date site proposed as SCI:2000-07
Date site confirmed as SCI:2004-12
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Governmental act M2010/4648/Nm

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:16.501600
Latitude:56.464700

2.2 Area [ha]

25885.4000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km] (optional):


No information provided

2.5 Administrative region code and name


No information provided

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3140  info      46  0.00 
6110  info      1280  0.00 
6210  info  X     4405.3  0.00 
6280  info      13172.2  0.00 
6410  info      4550.5  0.00 
6510  info      13  0.00 
7210  info      12.5  0.00 
7230  info      150.6  0.00 
8240  info      126.4  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1946Artemisia oelandica         
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus         
BA197Chlidonias niger         
BA197Chlidonias niger         
BA084Circus pygargus         
P1982Encalypta mutica         
I1065Euphydryas aurinia         
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA127Grus grus         
BA127Grus grus         
BA338Lanius collurio         
BA151Philomachus pugnax         
BA140Pluvialis apricaria         
BA007Podiceps auritus         
P1974Senecio jacobea ssp. gotlandicus         
P1493Sisymbrium supinum         
BA307Sylvia nisoria         
P1988Tortella rigens         
A1166Triturus cristatus         
I1014Vertigo angustior         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


No information provided

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N073.00
N0977.00
N1020.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Plan kalkberggrund med huvudsakligen tunna jordlager. Alvarmark.

4.2 Quality and importance

Alvaret inkluderar ett antal säregna habitat som har uppkommit på tunna jordar som täcker öns kalkberggrund. Området präglas av förekomsten av ett unikt antal arter för vilka detta område utgör en geografisk utbredningsgräns. För andra arter är är förekomsten en isolering från deras naturliga utbredningsområde. Ett flertal arter på alvaret är endemiska. Från både ett biologiskt och ekologiskt perspektiv är Stora Alvaret av stort intresse från både ett nationellt och ett internationellt perspektiv. Växtarten Artemisia oelandica är endemisk på Öland och den förekommer på Stora Alvaret i området Hammarby - Smedby tillsammans med växtarten Sisymbrium supinum.In englishThe Alvar contains a number of special habitats which have developed in the shallow soils that cover the island´s limestone rock. There is a remarkable number of species for which the area constitutes a limit of their geografic range, and others that are quite isolated from their normal ranges. Several of the species are endemic.In terms of both biology and ecology, Stora Alvaret is an area of national and international interest.The plant Artemisia oelandica is endemic to Öland and it occurs in Hammarby - Smedby together with Sisymbrium supinum.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.03i
HA07b
MA10.01i
LG01.02i
MG05.07i
MH04.02b
LI01i
HJ02.05b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03i
HA04.02.05i
HA10.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)


No information provided

4.5 Documentation (optional)


No information provided

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level (optional):

Code Cover [%]
SE0064.00
SE021.00
SE0335.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites (optional):

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
SE03Albrunna-100.00
SE03Mysinge-100.00
SE03Dröstorp-100.00
SE03Klinta-Stora Smedby-100.00
SE02Gösslunda naturreservat-100.00
SE03Kvinnsgröta-100.00
SE03Karlevi Norra-100.00
SE03Lilla Vickleby-100.00
SE06Stormaren-100.00
SE03Stora Vickleby-100.00
SE03Parteby-100.00
SE03Bjärby-100.00
SE03Lilla Dalby-100.00
SE03Hulterstad-100.00
SE03Alvlösa-100.00
SE03Karlevi Södra-100.00
SE03Gynge-100.00
SE03Hammarby - Smedby-100.00
SE03Möckleby-Gårdstorp-100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
worldHeritageSydöstra Ölands odligslandskap*46.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Stora alvaret är enligt miljöbalken bedömt vara av riksintresse för naturvården och det rörliga friluftslivet. Vissa delar även för kulturmiljön.Landskapsbildsskydd.Ingår i sin helhet i den nationella bevarandeplanen för odlingslandskapet.Föreslaget världsarvsområde.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län
Address:
Email:kalmar@lansstyrelsen.se

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Stora Alvaret
Link: http://skyddadnatur.naturvardsverket.se/

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)


No information provided

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:SE.SWEPA.SE0330176
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
X
No

SITE DISPLAY