Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

SKUEV0112

1.3 Site name

Slovensky raj

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2017-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic
Address:               
Email:sekretariat@sopsr.sk

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-04
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2016-06
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.347618
Latitude:48.907306

2.2 Area [ha]

16864.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
SK03Stredné Slovensko
SK03Stredné Slovensko
SK04Východné Slovensko
SK04Východné Slovensko

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.51  0.00 
3140  info      0.34  0.00 
3150  info      1.69  0.00 
3240  info      3.37  0.00 
3260  info      0.34  0.00 
5130  info      0.00 
6110  info      0.00 
6170  info      15  0.00 
6190  info      100  0.00 
6210  info      98.22  0.00 
6230  info      35  0.00 
6430  info      10  0.00 
6510  info      619  0.00 
6520  info      30.9747  0.00 
7140  info      2.7661  0.00 
7220  info      0.5  0.00 
7230  info      60  0.00 
8160  info      15  0.00 
8210  info      33.73  0.00 
8310  info      106  450.00 
9110  info      57.34  0.00 
9130  info      1800  0.00 
9140  info      0.00 
9150  info      7000  0.00 
9180  info      674.6  0.00 
91D0  info      8.43  0.00       
91E0  info      70  0.00 
91Q0  info      843.25  0.00 
9410  info      150  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4068Adenophora lilifolia    3000  3500   
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    20  50 
F1138Barbus carpathicus    1000  20000 
A1193Bombina variegata    1000  30000 
P1386Buxbaumia viridis    30  174 
M1352Canis lupus    10 
I4014Carabus variolosus    100 
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    100  500 
F1163Cottus gobio    100  1000 
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus    8000  80000 
P1902Cypripedium calceolus    500  1000   
F4123Eudontomyzon danfordi    100  300 
I1078Euplagia quadripunctaria    50 
P4097Iris aphylla ssp. hungarica    5000  7000   
I4036Leptidea morsei        DD         
P1758Ligularia sibirica    20000  30000   
M1355Lutra lutra    10  20 
I1060Lycaena dispar    10       
M1361Lynx lynx    10 
P1379Mannia triandra    30  260 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    10 
M1307Myotis blythii    50  100 
M1318Myotis dasycneme    10  30 
M1321Myotis emarginatus    20  50 
M1324Myotis myotis    20  100 
I6177Phenagris teleius    2500  5000 
I4024Pseudogaurotina excellens    100  2000 
P2094Pulsatilla slavica    70000  100000   
P4111Pulsatilla subslavica    2000  5000   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    10  50 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    20  200 
M1335Spermophilus citellus    100  200 
A1166Triturus cristatus    50 
A2001Triturus montandoni    500  3000 
I1032Unio crassus    100  500 
M1354Ursus arctos    10  15 
I1014Vertigo angustior    1000  5000 
I1013Vertigo geyeri    1000       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Aconitum anthora                   
Aconitum firmum                   
Aconitum moldavicum                   
Aegolius funereus                   
Alcedo atthis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anemone sylvestris                   
Aquila chrysaetos                   
Aquila pomarina                   
Aquilegia vulgaris                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Aster alpinus                   
Aster amelloides                   
Bonasa bonasia                   
Bubo bubo                   
Bufo viridis                   
Campanula bononiensis                   
Caprimulgus europaeus                   
Carex davalliana                   
Carex dioica                   
Carex distans                   
Carex ericorum                   
Carex flava                   
Carex hostiana                   
Carex paniculata                   
Carex pediformis                   
Carex umbrosa                   
Catabrosa aquatica                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Ciconia nigra                   
Coeloglossum viride                   
Corallorhiza trifida                   
Coronella austriaca                   
Corydalis capnoides                   
Crepis conyzifolia                   
Crepis praemorsa                   
Crex crex                   
Crocus discolor                   
Cystopteris sudetica                     
Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. fuchsii                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. incarnata                   
Dactylorhiza lapponica                   
Dactylorhiza majalis                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Daphne cneorum                   
Dendrocopos leucotos                   
Dianthus praecox subsp. praecox                   
Drosera rotundifolia                   
Dryas octopala                   
Dryocopus martius                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis komoricensis                   
Epipactis palustris                   
Eptesicus nilssoni                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Falco peregrinus                   
Felis silvestris                   
Ficedula parva                   
Galanthus nivalis                   
Gentiana cruciata                   
Gentianella lutescens subsp. carpatica                   
Gentianopsis ciliata                   
Geranium bohemicum                   
Gladiolus imbricatus                   
Glaucidium passerinum                   
Goodyera repens                   
Gymnadenia conopsea                   
Gymnadenia densiflora                   
Gymnadenia odoratissima                   
Hackelia deflexa                   
Herminium monorchis                   
Hesperis matronalis subsp. candida                   
Hippochae variegata                   
Lactuca perennis                   
Lanius collurio                   
Leontopodium alpinum                   
Lilium bulbiferum subsp. bulbiferum                   
Linum flavum                   
Listera ovata                   
Lycopodium annotinum                   
Lycopodium clavatum                   
Malaxis monophyllos                   
Martes foina                   
Martes martes                   
Menyanthes trifoliata                   
Minuartia langii                   
Moneses uniflora                   
Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Myotis brandtii                   
Myotis daubentonii                   
Myotis mystacinus                   
Myotis nattereri                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Ophrys insectifera                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis militaris                   
Orchis morio                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Parnassia palustris                   
Parnassius apollo                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Pedicularis palustris                   
Pernis apivorus                   
Phoenicurus phoenicurus                   
Phyllitis scolopendrium                   
Picoides tridactylus                   
Picus canus                   
Pilosella aurantiaca                   
Pilosella cymosa                   
Pinguicula alpina                   
Pinguicula vulgaris                   
Pinus mugo                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Plecotus auritus                   
Plecotus austriacus                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Primula auricula subsp. hungarica                   
Primula farinosa                   
Pseudolysimachion orchideum                   
Pseudorchis albida                   
Pulmonaria angustifolia                   
Pyrola chlorantha                   
Rhodax rupifragus                   
Salix rosmarinifolia                   
Scorzonera hispanica                   
Sicista betulina                   
Silene donzica subsp. sillingeri                   
Silene otites                   
Soldanella hungarica                   
Sorex alpinus                   
Sorex araneus                   
Spiraea media                   
Stipa pulcherrima                   
Strix uralensis                   
Tephroseris aurantiaca                   
Thalictrum simplex                   
Traunsteinera globosa                   
Trichophorum pumilum                   
Trientalis europaea                   
Triglochin maritima                   
Triglochin palustre                   
Trollius altissimus                   
Valeriana simplicifolia                   
Vespertilio murinus                   
Viola lutea subsp. sudica                   
Viola palustris                   
Viola rupestris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N061.50
N073.00
N094.00
N103.00
N141.00
N165.50
N173.00
N1969.00
N203.00
N226.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Carbonate rocks of the site gave an origin to distinctively karst landscape featuring all typical forms of so-called plateau karst such as sinkholes (more than 200), clints and grikes, widened V-shaped valleys, submersions, caves and abysses (more than 350). Karstic plateaux are mutually separated by epigenetic canyons of the Hornád and Hnilec Rivers, system of gorges and ravines noted for the plethora of various waterfalls (with the highest waterfall being more than 70 metres high), stream cascades and various rocky formations (crags, rocky towers and windows). Unique to the site is 22-km long system of Stratená Cave and Dobšiná Ice Cave that comprises 110. 000 m3 of ice not less than 26.5m thick (both caves have been inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List).

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is representative of a mountain range within the Western Carpathians truly unparalleled. It supports a great variety of extensive habitats of forest, rocky, meadow and wetland type in the situations of karst landscape. Local landscape features several remarkable topographic phenomena such as waterfall gorges and canyon structures. Vast stretches of natural and semi-natural forests, especially valuable of which are relic pinewoods, support exceptional biological diversity. The site also harbours well-preserved montane alderwoods and remnants of limestone beechwoods and beech-fir woods with typical attributes of natural forests. Well-preserved limestone fens, petrifying springs, rich populations of species Ligularia sibirica (streamside taxon, 98 % of its Slovak population occurs within the site), Iris aphylla subsp. hungarica (northern limit of its range), Pulsatilla slavica and Pulsatilla subslavica (typical species of rocky habitats) belong to other noteworthy eye-catchers of the site. Meadow communities also display great richness and variety of species. Highest number of vascular plants per one square metre ever observed in Central Europe has been recorded (74 different species) nowhere else but in these communities. Owing to its karstic topography, the site is ample in various cave systems (more than 200) valuable as wintering grounds for several species of resident bats. Most common inhabitants of these caves are bats Myotis myotis, Myotis emarginatus and Rhinolophus hipposideros. Important fauna species include river otter Lutra lutra and stable populations of large carnivores. The site has been designated a national park with its most valuable sections separately protected in the categories of national nature reserve, nature reserve and nature monument.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.03o
HA04.03i
LA07o
HD02.01o
HG01.02i
MG02i
MG05o
HG05.01i
MH01o
LI01o
LJ02.10b
ML07o
LL09b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03b
MA04b
MA05.02i
MF06i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1. rezervačné knihy vyhlásených MCHÚ 2.Huňa, Ľ, Kozák, M., Vološčuk, I (eds), 1985: Chránená krajinná oblasť Slovenský raj - monografia. Príroda, Bratislava 3. Pitoniak P., et al., 1978: Flóra a vegetácia Chránenej krajinnej oblasti Slovenský raj. Biol. Práce Slov. Akad. Vied 24/6, 140 s. 4. Leskovjanská, A., Dražil, T., 1995: Zoznam vzácnych a ohrozených druhov vyšších rastlín Národného parku Slovenský raj- Bull. Slov. Bot. Spoločn., Bratislava, 17:160-165 5. Ročenka 2000-2002. ŠOP SR, Správa Národného parku Slovenský raj 6. Hájková P., Hájek B., : Potrava vydry riečnej (Lutra lutra) v hornej časti povodia Hornádu.(Diet of otters (Lutra lutra) in the upper Hornád River catchment.).In: Výskum a ochrana cicavcov na Slovensku V, 2002 : 69 - 81 7. Hájková P., Jurajda P., Hájek B., Ondráčková M., Valová Z., Prášek V., Reichard M. : Ichtyologický prieskum hornej časti povodia Hornádu. Záverečná správa za r.2001/2002. Ústav biolgie obratlovců AV ČR, 2002, 16str. 8. Hájková A., Hájek B.,Janečková K., Ceľuch M., Kaňuch P. : Zimovanie netopierov v Medvedej a Stratenskej jaskyni. Vespertilio, medzinárodný chiropterologický časopis 6/2002 : 249-251 9. Hájková A., Hájek B.,Janečková K., Ceľuch M., Kaňuch. : Menšie zimoviská netopierov Slovenského raja. Vespertilio, medzinárodný chiropterologický časopis 6/2002 : 253 - 255 10. Bobáková L. : Zimovanie netopierov v jaskynnom systéme Dobšinská ľadová jaskyňa - jaskyňa Duča. Vespertilio, medzinárodný chiropterologický časopis 6/2002 : 245 - 248

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
SK003.15
SK0121.64
SK020.87
SK040.32
SK060.30
SK0895.38
SK091.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
SK01Sucha Bela+0.98
SK01Zejmarska roklina+0.42
SK01Piecky+1.41
SK02Ostra skala+0.03
SK01Tri kopce+1.44
SK04Hranovnicke pleso+0.32
SK06Mokra OP+0.30
SK02Male Zajfy+0.10
SK08NP Slovenský raj*95.35
SK01Kysel+5.28
SK08NAPANT*0.03
SK02Cingovske hradisko+0.12
SK09OP NP Slovenský raj*1.46
SK02Kocurova+0.11
SK02Vysna roven+0.05
SK01Prielom Hornadu+1.71
SK01Holy kamen+1.29
SK01Sokol+4.11
SK01Vernarska tiesnava+0.47
SK02Mokra+0.38
SK00No Protection Status*3.15
IN05Dobšinská Ľadová Jaskyňa+0.00
SK02Barbolica+0.06
SK01Stratena+4.15
SK01Hnilecka jelsina+0.38

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Administration of NP Slovenský raj, tel:+421 53 442 20 10, +421 53 441 02 76, fax:+421 53 442 20 26, Slovak Republic
Address:
Email:npslovraj@sopsr.sk

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY