Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Balaton-felvidki National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3150  info      3000  0.00 
6410  info      0.00 
7210  info      53  0.00 
7230  info      141  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon    500  2000   
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon    20  30   
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    10         
BA229Alcedo atthis    20  30   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    1000  10000   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    1000  10000   
BA041Anser albifrons    10000  20000   
BA043Anser anser    1000   
BA043Anser anser    10000  20000   
BA042Anser erythropus     
BA039Anser fabalis    50   
BA029Ardea purpurea    10   
I4027Arytrura musculus         
F1130Aspius aspius         
BA059Aythya ferina    3000   
BA059Aythya ferina    2000  4000   
BA061Aythya fuligula    200  3000   
BA061Aythya fuligula    200  3000   
BA060Aythya nyroca    20  50   
BA060Aythya nyroca           
A1188Bombina bombina         
BA021Botaurus stellaris    10    DD 
BA396Branta ruficollis     
BA067Bucephala clangula    15000   
BA067Bucephala clangula    500  2000   
BA197Chlidonias niger    100  200   
BA081Circus aeruginosus    10  20   
BA082Circus cyaneus    10         
P4081Cirsium brachycephalum    30000  30000   
F1149Cobitis taenia         
BA027Egretta alba    50  120   
BA026Egretta garzetta    20  50   
R1220Emys orbicularis         
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA153Gallinago gallinago    10         
F1124Gobio albipinnatus         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla    10  20   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    40  100   
BA176Larus melanocephalus    10   
BA272Luscinia svecica    20  100   
M1355Lutra lutra    100  100   
BA068Mergus albellus    20  50   
BA068Mergus albellus    20  50   
F1145Misgurnus fossilis         
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    20  50   
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA323Panurus biarmicus    50  100   
F2522Pelecus cultratus         
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    100  300   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    100  300   
BA151Philomachus pugnax    10  40         
BA006Podiceps grisegena           
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    20   
BA120Porzana parva    30  100   
BA119Porzana porzana    50  100   
BA118Rallus aquaticus    100  1000   
BA118Rallus aquaticus    100  200   
BA336Remiz pendulinus    50  100   
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus         
BA249Riparia riparia    10000  100000   
BA193Sterna hirundo    100  300   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    40  60   
BA166Tringa glareola    40  40   
BA162Tringa totanus    10  20   
I1014Vertigo angustior         
I1016Vertigo moulinsiana         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

It is the largest lake in Central Europe. According to earlier estimations the age of Balaton is 18-22 thousand years, it supposedly formed at the end of the Pleistocene age. In line with the latest research results, the present form of the lake was developed 5-7 thousand years ago, in the holocene age. Thus Lake Balaton is a fairly young formation, not only in geological terms, but also limnologically. The catchment area of the lake (together with the lake) is 5775 km2. The lake itself is divided into four basins (Keszthely, Szigliget, Szemes and Sifok basins). The lake surface at medium water level is 594 km2, its water volume is 2 billion m3, the average depth is around 3 m. The length of the lake, situated in a flat, rift valley-like dip that runs long from southwest to northeast is 77 km, with its biggest width between Balatonaliga and Balatonalmdi being over 12 km. Due to the narrowing coastline the distance between Tihany and Szntd is only 1,5 km.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa, helyrelltsa: lohelyek: (magyar nv, kd, kormnyrendelet szerinti sorrendben): 3150 Termszetes eutrf tavak Magnopotamion vagy Hydrocharition nvnyzettel 6410 Kkperjs lprtek meszes, tozeges vagy agyagbemosdsos talajokon (Molinion caeruleae) 7210 Meszes lpok tlisssal (Cladium mariscus) s a Caricion davallianae fajaival 7230 Mszkedvelo de lp- s ssrtek Nvny – s llatfajok: (magyar nv, tudomnyos nv, ABC szerinti sorrendben) balin (Aspius aspius), barna rtihja (Circus aeruginosus), flemlesitke (Acrocephalus melanopogon), halvnyfolt kllo (Gobio albipinnatus), garda (Pelecus cultratus), kisfszku aszat (Cirsium brachycephalum), mocsri teknos (Emys orbicularis), rti csk (Misgurnus fossilis), szivrvnyos kle (Rhodeus sericeus amarus), vgcsk (Cobitis taenia), vidra (Lutra lutra), vrshas unka (Bombina bombina). Madrfajok: Bartrce (Aythya ferina), Barna rtihja (Circus aeruginosus), Blmbika (Botaurus stellaris), Cignyrce (Aythya nyroca), Flemlesitke (Acrocephalus melanopogon), Jgmadr (Alcedo atthis), Kercerce (Bucephala clangula), Kkbegy (Luscinia svecica), Kis buk (Mergus albellus), Kis krkatona (Phalacrocorax pygmeus), Kis kcsag (Egretta garzetta), Kontyos rce (Aythya fuligula), Kszvg csr (Sterna hirundo), Nagy kcsag (Egretta alba), Nagy lilik (Anser albifrons), Nyri ld (Anser anser), Pettyes vzicsibe (Porzana porzana), Rtisas (Haliaeetus albicilla), Szerecsensirly (Larus melanocephalus), Trpegm (Ixobrychus minutus), Vetsi ld (Anser fabalis), Vrs gm (Ardea purpurea). Tovbbi jelentos madrfajok: Barkscinege (Panurus biarmicus), Fggo cinege (Remiz pendulinus), Guvat (Rallus aquaticus), Partifecske (Riparia riparia)

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Related publications of the Limnological Research Institute of the Hungarian Science Academy (Tihany) and many others.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

It is a periodic Ramsar site from October 1 - April 30.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Within the legal shore line: (for the water body and reed beds) Kzp-dunntli Krnyezetvdelmi s Vzgyi Igazgatsg 8000 Szkesfehrvr, Balatoni u. 6. Tel.: 22/315-370, Fax: 22/313-275

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Specifikus clok: A terlet fo clkituzsei: • A terleten lo vdett s fokozottan vdett fajok ltal is reprezentlt, hazai s kzssgi szinten is egyedlll termszetes s termszetszeru lohelyek megorzse, fenntartsa, klns tekintettel a Balaton madrvonulsban betlttt szerepre s a tavat vezo termszeti terletek rtkeire. • A Balatont kzvetlenl s/vagy kzvetve rinto halgazdlkodsi tevkenysgek termszetvdelmi elorsokhoz, kolgiai ignyekhez igaztsa • A Natura 2000 klnleges madrvdelmi terlet kiemelkedo lohelyi vltozatossgnak, mozaikossgnak biztostsa. • A kedvezo kolgiai llapot fel irnyul folyamatok hossz tv fenntartsa. Tovbbi clok s vgrehajtand feladatok: • lland, rendszeres illetve idoszakos vzbortst ignylo lohelyek vzelltsnak biztostsa. • Halgazdlkodsi gyakorlat extenzv, termszetkmlo keretek kztt tartsa hzhls halszat korltozsval s egy, az extenzv halastavak tmogatsra s korbbi halblcsok helyrelltsra alkalmas clprogram kialaktsval s finanszrozsval. • Az kolgiai kockzatot jelento invzis nvny s llatfajok llomnynak visszaszortsa, terjedsk megakadlyozsa kaszlssal, legeltetssel, lohely-rehabilitcival, szelektv halszattal stb. • Kaszlknt hasznostott de parti rteken a jelenlegi extenzv gyephasznosts megorzse, fejlesztse – pl. extenzv legeltets irnyba. • Ndasok fenntartsa, extenzv hasznostsa, tbbkorsgnak fenntartsa. • Illeglis terlethasznlatok, muvelsig-vltsok (klnsen: bepts, beszntsok) felszmolsa, reverzibilisen talakult lohelyek rekonstrukcija. • A gyomosod, cserjsedo, korbban kaszlssal, legeltetssel hasznostott gyepek jbli hasznostsa kaszlssal vagy llatllomny kialaktsval, legeltetssel (nemzeti parki kezelsben s/vagy magnkzben). • A vadllomny szablyozsa a terleten, a vadszat szablyozott, fenntarthat, valamint elsodlegesen termszetvdelmi s nem vadszati clokat felmutat formjnak megvalstsa. • A meglvo part menti erdoterletek termszetessgi llapotnak megorzse, nvelse megfelelo erdogazdlkodsi gyakorlat kialaktsval – mindenkor gyelve arra, hogy a vdendo gyepek terlete ne cskkenjen. • Az erdok vonatkozsban legalbb 5 m3/ha holtft az lofa-kszlet 5%-os mrtkben (legalbb 5 m3 akkor is, ha az 5% ennl kevesebb) s a lbon hagyand hagysfa-csoportokhoz kapcsoldan vissza kell hagyni. • A terlet vzelltsnak s termszeteshez kzeli vzjrsnak biztostsa a fszkelo vzimadrfajok s az azok tpllkbzist alkot vzi szervezetek kolgiai ignyeinek megfeleloen. • A tpllkbzisban komoly szerepet jtsz halfajok vhelyeinek fenntartsa, rehabilitcija, j vhelyek ltrehozsa, fejlesztse. • A termszetvdelmi szempontok rvnyre juttatsa a t vzszintjnek szablyozsa sorn. • A ndasok idobeni s trbeni vltozatossgnak biztostsa rdekben a termszetvdelmi szempontokat is figyelembe vevo mdszerek hossz tv alkalmazsa a tli ndarats sorn. • A pusztul ndasok revitalizcija az optimlis vzszintvltozs s termszetvdelmi szempontokat is rvnyre juttat terletkezels biztostsval. • A ndas s gyepszeglyek hatrn a mozaikossg fenntartsa. • Idegenhonos, invazv fajokkal szembeni vdekezs. • A zrt, nagy kiterjedsu ndasok, rezervtum jellegnek fenntartsa s erostse a klto-, vonul s telelo madrllomnyok nyugalma s zavartalansga rdekben. • Az abiotikus katasztrfk (pl: tuzkr) elhrtsa. • A turisztikai hasznosts s a hossz tv termszetvdelmi szempont terletkezelsek, lohelyfenntartsok kztti ltszlagos ellenttek feloldsa.



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