Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Bükk-fennsík és a Lök-völgy

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Bkk National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
40A0  info      2.35  0.00 
6110  info      0.01  0.00 
6190  info      22.41  0.00 
6230  info      0.63  0.00 
6240  info      66.16  0.00       
6430  info      16.7  0.00 
6440  info      0.51  0.00       
6510  info      653.58  0.00 
6520  info      0.00 
7220  info      1.44  0.00 
7230  info      0.14  0.00 
8150  info      8.83  0.00       
8160  info      71.91  0.00 
8210  info      14.38  0.00 
8310  info      570.00 
9110  info      99.26  0.00 
9130  info      8605.79  0.00 
9150  info      175.03  0.00 
9180  info      426.9  0.00 
91E0  info      48.79  0.00       
91G0  info      1157.52  0.00 
91H0  info      148.62  0.00 
91I0  info      1.09  0.00       
91M0  info      1251.2  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    200  1000   
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    1000  2000   
F1138Barbus meridionalis    500  500   
A1188Bombina bombina    200  2000         
P1386Buxbaumia viridis     
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria    100000  100000   
M1352Canis lupus     
I1088Cerambyx cerdo    1000  1000   
F1149Cobitis taenia               
I4045Coenagrion ornatum    10  100         
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus    10  100         
P1902Cypripedium calceolus    180  180   
P1381Dicranum viride    30  30   
I4017Duvalius gebhardti    10000  10000   
P4067Echium russicum    205  205   
P2170Ferula sadleriana    410  410   
I1083Lucanus cervus    2000  2000   
M1361Lynx lynx     
P1379Mannia triandra    100  250  colonies   
M1310Miniopterus schreibersi    3000  3000   
I1089Morimus funereus               
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    200  500   
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    1000  3000   
M1307Myotis blythii    300  300   
M1307Myotis blythii    1000  5000   
M1307Myotis blythii    1000  2000   
M1318Myotis dasycneme    300  300   
M1318Myotis dasycneme    1000  2000   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    1000  3000   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    50  100   
M1324Myotis myotis    500  2000   
M1324Myotis myotis    1000  5000   
M1324Myotis myotis    1000  2000   
I1084Osmoderma eremita               
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    20400  20400   
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    1000  2000   
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    1000  3000   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    200  200   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    800  800   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    500  1000   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    500  500   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    1000  1500   
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus               
I4026Rhysodes sulcatus               
I1087Rosalia alpina         
I4063Sadleriana pannonica         
I4055Stenobothrus eurasius    1000  1000   
P2120Thlaspi jankae    29000  29000   
I1014Vertigo angustior    500000  500000   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Arabis alpina                   
Arcyptera fusca                   
Aricia artaxerxes issekutzi                   
Asplenium lepidium                   
Bielzia coerulans                   
Brenthis ino                   
Calamintha thymifolia                   
Centaurea sadleriana                   
Ceterach javorkaeanum                   
Cimicifuga europaea                   
Cinclus cinclus                   
Clematis alpina                   
Corallorhiza trifida                   
Coronella austriaca                   
Dianthus plumarius ssp. praecox                   
Dracocephalum ruyschiana                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Emberiza cia                   
Erebia medusa                   
Euchorthippus pulvinatus                   
Gentiana pneumonanthe                   
Helleborus purpurascens                   
Hesperis vrabelyiana                   
Iris sibirica                   
Isophya modesta                   
Jurinea glycacantha                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Lathyrus laevigatus ssp. transsylvanicus                   
Leucaspius delineatus                   
Lilium bulbiferum                   
Lycopodium clavatum                   
Maculinea rebeli xerophila                   
Mantis religiosa                   
Ophrys insectifera                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis pallens                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Salamandra salamandra                   
Sesleria hungarica                   
Taxus baccata                   
Traunsteinera globosa                   
Triturus alpestris                   
Vertigo substriata                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

"Other land" includes the mining areas

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok / lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa / helyrelltsa: szubkontinentlis peripannon cserjsek (*40A0) Mszkedvelo vagy bazofil varjhjas gyepek (Atysso-Sedion albi) (6110) pannon sziklagyepek (Stipo-Festucetalia pallentis) (6190) fajgazdag Nardus-gyepek sziliktos alapkozetu hegyvidki terleteken s kontinentlis eurpai terletek domb- s hegyvidkein (6230) szubpannon sztyeppek (6240) sksgok s a hegyvidktol a magashegysgig tart szintek hidrofil magaskrs szeglytrsulsai (6430) hegyi kaszlrtek (6520) msztufs forrsok (Cratoneurion) (7220) mszkedvelo de lp- s ssrtek (7230) Kzp-Eurpa domb- s hegyvidki mszko-trmelklejtoi (8160) mszkoszikls lejtok sziklanvnyzettel (8210) nagykznsg szmra meg nem nyitott barlangok (8310) mszkerlo bkksk (Luzulo-Fagetum) (9110) szubmontn s montn bkksk (Asperulo-Fagetum) (9130) a Cephalanthero-Fagion kzp-eurpai sziklai bkksei mszkvn (9150) lejtok s sziklatrmelkek Tilio-Acerion-erdoi (*9180) pannon gyertynos-tlgyesek Quercus petraeval s Carpinus betulusszal (*91G0) pannon cseres-tlgyesek (91M0) pannon molyhos tlgyesek Quercus pubescensszel (91H0) hiz (Lynx lynx) hosszszrny denevr (Miniopterus schreibersii) hegyesorr denevr (Myotis blythii) tavi denevr (Myotis dasycneme) kznsges denevr (Myotis myotis) kereknyergu patksdenevr (Rhinolophus euryale) nagy patksdenevr (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) kis patksdenevr (Rhinolophus hipposideros) nagyflu denevr (Myotis bechsteinii) pisze denevr (Barbastella barbastellus) farkas (Canis lupus) vrshas unka (Bombina bombina) petnyi mrna (Barbus meridionalis petnyi) cskos medvelepke (Callimorpha quadripunctaria) nagy hoscincr (Cerambyx cerdo) Gebhardt-vakfutrikna (Duvalius Gebhardti) szarvasbogr (Lucanus cervus) havasi cincr (*Rosalia alpina) bnti csiga (Vertigo angustior) l-olasz sska (Stenobothrus eurasius) patakcsiga (Sadleriana pannonica) lenykkrcsin (Pulsatilla grandis) Janka-tarska (Thlaspi jankae) boldogasszony papucsa (Cypripedium calceolus) husng (Ferula sadleriana) zld sepromoha (Dicranum viride) zld koboldmoha (Buxbaumia viridis) The site includes the Bkk-fennsk (Plateau), formed mostly of limestone, with the range of the Rocks, the upper part of the Garadna-vlgy (Garadna Valley) and the Lk Valley - Lk-brc (Lk Horst) area, linked to the plateau from the south. The plateau is an extensive montane zone, primarily with Aconitum beech forests and valuable montane meadows, with several sub-alpine flora and fauna elements. The woodland areas are in diverse conditions; however, old populations, which still exhibit a natural structure, have a restricted total expanse. A relatively large part of the area is covered by nondescript young populations and planted spruce and larch woods. On the mountain meadows the area restoration project has already been started by the conservation manager. The rock grasslands and rock woodlands on the edges of the plateau are considered to be the most valuable xerotherm relic preserving spots, the most outstanding among them being Blko, an area mutilated by surface quarrying, which has preserved several unique plant and animal species (Calamintha thymifolia, Ferula sadleriana, Dianthus plumarius ssp. praecox and Isophya modesta, Stenobothrus eurasicus, Saga pedo etc.) The ravine forest associations of the northern valleys of the plateau host important Carpathian montane relics (Viola biflora and Arabis alpina - only here in Hungary, Cimicifuga europaea, Clematis alpina, Polystichum aculeatum). The specific endemic Sesleria rock grasslands of the dolomite-limestone areas around massa are a special asset with their rich flora of orchids (Cypripedium calceolus, Ophrys insectifera). In Hungary, this is the only place where the Balkanic Asplenium lepidum is found. Linked with the region from the south is the area of Lk-vlgy - Lkbrc, characterised by slate shale and the predominance of turkey oak - sessile oak forests. Though fragmented, also of great value are the fen meadow - riverine alder woods complexes and the rich rock vegetation of Imko.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Selected bibliography: Less N. - Vojtk A. - Gyulai P. 1992: A Bkki Nemzeti Park hatrmdostsa s znabeosztsa. Debrecen, Mscr. 209 pp. Jakucs P. - Zlyomi B. - Varga Z. 1985: A Bkki Nemzeti Park szigoran (fokozottan) vdett terleteinek botanikai s zoolgiai jellemzse. Debrecen - Budapest, Mscr. 77 pp. brahm A. Bende S. - Horvth A. - Megyeri J. 1954 Adatok Bn-vlgy hidrobiolgiai viszonyaihoz. Ann. Biol. Univ. Hung. 2 327-344. brahm A. Horvth A. - Megyeri J. 1956 Hidrobiolgiai vizsglatok a Szilvs-patak vzgyjto terletn. llattani Kzlem. 45 13-24. brahm A. Biczk F. - Megyeri J. 1957 Hydrobiologischen Untersuchungen am stlichen Teile des Bkk-Gebirges. Acta Biol., Szeged 3 55-79. brahm A. Biczk F. - Megyeri J. 1959 Vergleichende faunistische Untersuchungen in den Kleinwassern des Bkk-Gebirges. Acta Biol., Szeged 5 201-214. Bba K. Domokos T. - Szab S. 1993 The molluscs of the Bkk National Park. In: Mahunka S. (ed): The fauna of the Bkk National Park. Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest 1 29-58. Bacs N. Zlyomi B. 1934 Mikroklma s nvnyzet a Bkkfennskon. Az Idojrs 9-10. 177-196. Bakalr S.-n Orbn S. - Suba J. - Takcs B. 1982-83 A Cypripedium calceolus L. feltrt termohelyei a Bkk-hegysgben s krnykn. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 8 77-83. Balogh I. - 1967 A Bkk-hegysg lepkefaunjnak kritikai vizsglata I-II. Folia ent. hung. 20 95-166, 521-588. Bankovics A. Moskt Cs. - Szitta T. 1993 The avifauna of the Bkk National Park. In: Mahunka S. (ed): The fauna of the Bkk National Park. Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest 2 573-594. Berczik . Kozma E. - Molnr M. 1967 Hidrobiolgiai vizsglatok a Hmori tavon. Higrolgiai Kzlny 1967 2 79-88. Bihari Z. Gombkto P. 1993 Az szaki-kzphegysg denevrfaunisztikai felmrse. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 18 163-189. Boros . - 1933 Botanizls az Istllskon. Ifjsg s let 10 14 209-213. Borsos O. - 1960 Geobotanische Monographie der Orchideen der pannonischen und karpatischen Flora IV. (Dactylorhiza I.) Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest., Sect. Biol. 4 93-129. Borsos O. - 1952 Magyarorszg s a Krptmedenck orchideinak geobotanikai monogrfija I. Ann. Biol. Univ. Hung. 2 183-192. Borsos O. - 1961 Geobotanische Monographie der Orchideen der pannonischen und karpatischen Flora V. (Dactylorhiza II.) Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest., Sect. Biol. 4 51-82. Borsos O. - 1959 Geobotanische Monographie der Orchideen der pannonischen und karpatischen Flora II. (Cephalanthera) Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest., Sect. Biol. 2 59-93. Borsos O. - 1968 Geobotanische Monographie der Orchideen der pannonischen und karpatischen Flora X. (Listera) Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest., Sect. Biol. 9-10 71-86. Blni J. - 1999 Madrbirs fajok - Cotoneaster spp. Tilia 7 193-232. Budai J. - 1912 A blaptfalvai Blkohegy flrja. Magyar Botanikai Lapok 11 1-5 68-71. Czjlik P. - 1978-79 A csszrmadr - Tetrastes bonasia (L.) - az szaki Kzphegysgben. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 5 107-133. Dely O. Gy. - 1993 Amphibians and reptiles of the Bkk Mountains. In: Mahunka S. (ed): The fauna of the Bkk National Park. Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest 2 535-570. Dvai Gy. Miskolczi M. 1993 The dragonfly (Odonata) fauna of the Bkk National Park and its surroundings. In: Mahunka S. (ed): The fauna of the Bkk National Park. Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest 2 75-123. Dobolyi K. Szab L. - Szerdahelyi T. - Szujk-Lacza J. 1981 Data to the Genisto pilosae-Quercetum and the flora of the Bkk Mountains. Studia Bot. 15 77-90. Dobrosi D. - 1993 Adatok a Bkk denevrfaunjhoz. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 18 191-197. Domokos T. - 1985 Vertigo substriata (Jeffreys 1833) in the Bkk-mountains. Malakolgiai Tjkoztat 5 45-47. Farag S. - 1989 A farkas (Canis lupis LINN, 1758) 1920-1985 kztti elofordulsa Magyarorszgon. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 14 139-164. Fekete G. Jakucs P. 1957 Nhny karszbokorerdo faj elterjedsi adatainak katalgusa Magyarorszgrl. Ann. Hist.-nat. Mus. Nat. Hung. 8 181-195. Fekete G. Jakucs P. 1968 A Bkk-hegysg xerotherm tlgyerdoje (Corno-Quercetum). Bot. Kzlem. 55 59-66. Fldessy K. M. - 1998-99 Heteroptera fauna elterjedse a Bkk hegysgben (szak-Magyarorszg). Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 23 191-230. Fldessy M. Varga J. 1995 Contribution to the knowledge of the zoogeographical investigation of Heteroptera communities of North-Hungarian Medium High Mountain Ranges. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. Fldessy M. - 1998 Data to the Heteroptera fauna of the Bkk Mts N Hungary. Folia ent. hung. 59 35-52. Gombkto P. - 1995 Building-dwelle Greater and Lesser Horseshoe Bats (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rh. hipposideros) colonies in north Hungary. In: Ohlendorf, B. (ed.): Zur Situation der Hufeisennasen in Europa. Nebra 59-62. Gyulai P. - 1992 Brenthis ino (Rottemburg, 1775) a Bkk-hegysgbol (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Folia ent. hung. 53 255-256. Gyulai P. - 1986 A Bkk hegysg Macrolepidoptera faunjnak kofaunisztikai - llatfldrajzi vizsglata III. Natura Borsodense 1 255-256. Gyulai P. - 1977 A Bkk hegysg Macrolepidoptera faunjnak kofaunisztikai - llatfldrajzi vizsglata II. Diurna 2. Herman Otto Mz. vk., Miskolc 16 345-373. Gyulai P. - 1976 A Bkk hegysg Macrolepidoptera faunjnak kolgiai s llatfldrajzi vizsglata. Diurna 1. Herman Otto Mz. vk., Miskolc 15 351-375. Hoisy Gy. Szernyi J. 1998 A martilapu szdorg (Orobanche flava MART.) a Bkk-hegysgben: j hazai adat. Kitaibelia 3 1 97-98. Hoisy Gy. - 1994 A Petnyi mrna (Barbus meridionalis Petnyi) elterjedse s kolgija az szak-magyarorszgi vizekben. Halszat 87 107-109. Hortobgyi T. - 1957 Algk a szilvsvradi vizekbol. Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 3 345-359. Horvth R. - 1988 Angaben ber die Wasseramsel (Cinclus cinclus) in Ungarn. Egretta 31 12-17. Horvth R. - 1993 Occurence of the Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) in Hungary. Aquila 100 225-240. Huljk J. - 1933 A Micromeria rupestris Wulf. a Blkon s nhny rdekesebb adat a Magyar Kzphegysg flrjbl. Magyar Botanikai Lapok 32 77-83. Huljk J. - 1927 Florisztikai adatok a Bkk- s a Mtra hegyvidknek ismerethez. Magyar Botanikai Lapok 26 23-25. Huljk P. - 1997 A vrs fonya (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) hazai elofordulsa s vdelmnek lehetosgei. Termszetvdelmi Kzlem. 5-6 41-53. Igmndy J. - 1937 A Telekia speciosa (Schreb.) Baumg. elterjedse a Bkkben. Bot. Kzlem. 34 5-6 231-232. Issekutz L. Kovcs L. 1953 Melitaea britomartis Asem. with special regard to its occurance in Hungary. Ann. Hist.-nat. Mus. Nat. Hung. 6 Jakucs P. - 1967 Phyllitidi-Aceretum subcarpaticum im nordstlichen Teil des Ungarischen Mittelgebirges. Acta Bot. Hung. 13 1-2 61-80. Jakucs P. Fekete G. 1957 Der Karstbuschwald des Nordstlichen Ungarischen Mittelgebirges (Quercus pubescens - Prunus mahaleb ass. nova). Acta Bot. Hung. 3 253-259. Jakucs P. - 1961 Az szaki-kzphegysg keleti felnek nvnyzete. Fldr. rt. 10 357-377. Jvorka S. - 1922 Kt j adat haznk flrjhoz. ("Teleki speciosa a Bkk hegysgben".) Magyar Botanikai Lapok 21 1-12 67-68. Jvorka S. - 1934 Kisebb kzlemnyek. (A Quercus conferta Kit. A Bkk-hegysgben). Bot. Kzlem. 31 5-6 258-259. Juhsz L. - 1959 A bkki Nagymezo nvnyzete. Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 5 495-505. Juhsz L. - 1962 Az Eger-krnyki tj szerepe a Foiskola nvnytani oktatsban II. Blko. Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 8 131-138. Juhsz L. - 1963 Az Eger-krnyki tj szerepe a Foiskola nvnytani oktatsban III. Ablakosko-vlgy s Lenyvlgy. Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 9 107-110. Krsz I. Suba J. 1982-83 A bkki "Oserdo" cnolgiai s florisztikai viszonyai. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 8 85-89. Krpti Z. - 1960 Die Sorbus-Arten Ungarns und der angrenzenden Gebiete. Feddes Rep. 62 2-3 71-334. Kiss O. - 1977 On the Trichoptera fauna of the Bkk Mountains, N. Hungary. Proc. Pf the 2nd Int. Symp. On Trichoptera , Junk. The Hague 89-101. Kiszelyn V. A. Marschall Z. - Orbn S. - Suba J. 1989 A Bkk hegysg szaki peremhegyeinek florisztikai s cnolgiai jellemzse. Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 19/6 135-185. 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Orbn S. - 1980 Adatok a Bkki Nemzeti Park (BNP) mohaflrjnak ismerethez. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 6 71-72. Reskovits M. - 1963 A Bkk hegysg lepkefaunja. Folia ent. hung. 16 1-62. Schmidt, G. Otto, G. - Grosse, B. Kisrlet egy tj morfogrfiai-kolgiai alapon val tagolsra - a Blko pldjn. Acta Geogr. Debr. 12-13 27-48. Siroki Z. - 1961 A Saga pedo (Pall.) jabb elofordulsa a Bkk hegysgben. llattani Kzlem. 48 125-127. Siroki Z. - 1961 Tozegmoha elofordulsa a Bkk hegysgben. Bot. Kzlem. 49 1-2 110-111. So R. - 1943 Elomunklatok a Bkkhegysg s krnyke flrjhoz. Bot. Kzlem. 40 169-221. So R. - 1937 A Sorbus aria-csoport a Magyar kzphegysg keleti felben. Acta Geobot. Hung. 1 2 215-227. Sos L. - 1943 A Krptmedence Mollusca faunja. Budapest 478 p. Suba J. Kiszelyn V.A. - Bakalrn S.I. 1982 A bkki Nagymezo fokozottan vdett /elkertett/ terletnek flratrkpezse a tavaszi aszpektusban. Abstr. Bot. 7 49-51. Suba J. Takcs B. - Lgrdy Gy. 1982 A Jvorhegy, massa fltti szaki oldalnak botanikai rtkei. Abstr. Bot. 7 45-48. Suba J. Krsz I. - Takcs B. 1982 jabb adatok a Bkk hegysgbol. Abstr. Bot. 8 53-58. Szab L. V. - 1962 Bajszos srmny fszkelse a Bkkben. Aquila 67-68 235-237. Szab S. - 1992 Sadleriana pannonica (Freuenfeld, 1865) in the Bkk Mts. Abstr. Bot. 16 2 139-144. Szab S. - 1988 A Sadleriana pannonica (Freuenfeld, 1865) visszateleptsnek kezdeti tapasztalatai a Bkki Nemzeti Park terletn. Malakolgiai Tjkoztat 8 35-37. Szab S. - 1984 ber die Dispersions-verhaltnisse der im Wassersystem des Garadna-Baches lebenden Sadleriana pannonica (Freuenfeld 1865). Soosiana 12 51-59. Szujk-Lacza J. - 1959 Beitrage zur Arealkunde der Ungarischen Helleborus-Arten. Ann. Hist.-nat. Mus. Nat. Hung. 51 201-209. Szujk-Lacza J. Sen S. 1977 Distribution, diversity and equitabilty of the Hungarian species of Gentiana and Gentianella ciliata L. (Gentianaceae). Studia bot. 12 71-100. Takcs B. Siller I. 1980 A Bkk hegysgi osbkks nagygombi. Mikolgiai Kzlemnyek 3 121-132. Topl Gy. - 1993 Bats of the Bkk National Park. In: Mahunka S. (ed): The fauna of the Bkk National Park. Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest 2 597-602. Topl Gy. - 1954 A Krptmedence denevreinek elterjedsi adatai. Ann. Hist.-nat. Mus. Nat. Hung. 5 471-483. Varga A. - 1976-77 A Bkk-hegysg Mollusca faunja. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 4 37-82. Varga Z. - 1967 Populationsstudien ber Pieris bryoniae O. im Karpathenbecken. I. Acta Biol. Debr. 5 139-151. Vsrhelyi I. - 1934 Lillafred s krnyke emlosfaunja. llattani Kzlem. 31 Vsrhelyi I. - 1939 Adatok a Bkk denevrfaunjhoz. llattani Kzlem. 36 117-127. Vsrhelyi I. - 1942 Adatok a borsodi Bkk gerinces-faunjhoz. Erdszeti Lapok 81 2 58-67. Virgh K. - 1987 The effect of herbicides on vegetation dynamics: comparison of classifications. Vojtk A. - 1991 Lgybang (Ophrys insectifera L. em Grufby in L.) az szaki-kzphegysgben. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 16 74. Vojtk A. - 1998 A Bkk-fennsk vegetcija I. A nvnytrsulsok ltalnos jellemzse. Bot. Kzlem. 85 1-2 31-41. Vojtk A. - 1998 A Bkk hegysg sziklagyepjeinek s sztyepprtjeinek jellemzse. In: Csontos P. (szerk.): Sziklagyepek sznbotanikai kutatsa. Sciencia Kiad, Budapest Vojtk A. - 1990 A Kzponti-Bkk dli eloternek vegetcija. Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 15 27-36. Vojtk A. - 1998 A Bkk-fennsk vegetcija I. A nvnytrsulsok ltalnos jellemzse. Bot. Kzlem. 85 1-2 31-41. Vojtk A. - 1996-97 The vegetation of the Bkk Plateau (NE Hungary) II. The grassland communities of the limestone and dolomite rocks. Acta Bot. Hung. 40 1-4 239-270. Vojtk A. Marschall Z. 1991 Vdett nvnyek llomnyfelmrsnek eredmnyei a Bkk hegysgben. Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 20 161-166. Vojtk A. - 1997 Adatok a Bkk hegysg orchidea-flrjhoz. Kitaibelia 2 1 75-77. Vojtk A. - 1994 Adatok a Bkk hegysg flrjhoz. Bot. Kzlem. 81 2 165-175. Vojtk A. - 1995 Asplenium lepidum C. Presl in Hungary. Acta Bot. Hung. 39 3-4 243-248. Zlyomi B. Jakucs P. - Barth Z. - Hornszky A. 1955 Forstwirtschaftliche ergebnisse der geobotanischen karierung im Bkkgebirge. Acta Bot. Hung. 1 3-4 361-395. Zlyomi B. - 1934 Dracocephalum austriacum L. a Blkon (Adatok az Osmtra flrjhoz). Bot. Kzlem. 31 35-37. Zlyomi B. - 1966 Neue Klassifikation der Felsen-Vegetation im pannonischen Raum und der angrenzenden Gebiete. Bot. Kzlem. 53 49-54.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

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5.3 Site designation (optional)

The site is entirely included in the Bkk National Park (founded 1978). 49 of the caves on the plateau are strictly protected.


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. SPECIFIKUS CLOK 1. FO CLKITUZSEK A terleten tallhat termszetszeru erdok (kiemelten szubmontn bkksk /9130/, gyertynos-tlgyesek /91G0), trmelklejto erdok /9180/, pannon molyhos- /91H0/ s cseres-tlgyesek /91M0/) kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa / elrse, klnsen a nagy szarvasbogr (Lucanus cervus), havasi cincr (Rosalia alpina), nagy hoscicr (Cerambyx cerdo), zld sepromoha (Dicranum viride), zld koboldmoha (Buxbaumia viridis) szmra szksges idos llomnyrszek, faegyedek, valamint holt faanyag mennyisgnek nvelsvel, az idos elegyes erdok nyjtotta mikroklma biztostsa. Az idegenhonos muflon llomnynak tovbbi szablyozsa a fennsk letrseinek edafikus lohelyein (kzp-eurpai sziklai bkksk s elegyes sziklaerdok (Cephalanthero-Fagion) (9150)), valamint a magyarfldi husng (Ferula sadleriana) vadrgs okozta krok megelozse szempontjbl; A karsztforrsok termszetes kifolyinak megorzse s folyamatos vzelltsnak biztostsa a karsztvzkitermels mennyisgnek szablyozsval a msztufs forrsgyepek (Cratoneurion) (7220), s a patakcsiga (Sadleriana pannonica) llomnyainak megorzse rdekben; Vzfolysok termszetes medermorfolgijnak s vzjrsnak biztostsa a petnyi mrna (Barbus meridionalis petnyii), cskos medvelepke (Callimorpha quadripunctaria), s az de, tpanyaggazdag magaskrsok a sksgtl a magas hegyvidkig (6430) fennmaradsa rdekben; Hegyvidki kaszlrtek rekonstrukcija, kaszlsa s korltozott mrtku legeltetse, a hagyomnyos llattarts sztnzsvel a montn-szubmontn szint fajgazdag szorfugyepjei (6230), s a hegyvidki kaszlrtek (6520) j llapotnak biztostsa rdekben; Erdei denevrfajok lohelynek biztostsa megfelelo terletu idos erdollomnyok fenntartsval s az odvasod idos faegyedek kmletvel; Barlanglak denevrkolnik s a zavartalansgnak biztostsa barlanglezrsokkal. Az erdei nagyragadozk (farkas /Canis lupus/, hiz /Lynx lynx/) rdekben nagy kiterjedsu zavartalan, folyamatos erdoborts terletek kialaktsa, a visszateleplt egyedek zavarsnak cskkentse a gazdasgi s sporttevkenysgek idoszakos korltozsval. 2. TOVBBI CLOK Az idoszakos vizes lohelyek vdelme (Bombina bombina vdelme, megorzse rdekben). A termszetszeru erdok s hegyi irtsrtek vdelme az infrastrukturlis fejlesztsekkel szemben (nyomvonalas ltestmnyek, turisztikai s sportltestmnyek).



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