Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Aggtelek National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
40A0  info      0.19  0.00       
6190  info      1.01  0.00 
6210  info      165.68  0.00 
6230  info      1.85  0.00       
6430  info      2.57  0.00       
6510  info      32  0.00 
6520  info      32  0.00 
8150  info      1.85  0.00 
8220  info      1.33  0.00 
8230  info      1.5  0.00       
9110  info      3.57  0.00       
9130  info      818.1  0.00 
9180  info      2.63  0.00 
91E0  info      46.94  0.00 
91G0  info      90.88  0.00 
91H0  info      41.04  0.00 
91M0  info      371.26  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4068Adenophora lilifolia    54  54   
A1193Bombina variegata          DD 
M1352Canis lupus     
I4014Carabus variolosus         
I4015Carabus zawadszkii         
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD 
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus          DD 
I1074Eriogaster catax         
I4050Isophya stysi         
I1083Lucanus cervus         
I1060Lycaena dispar          DD       
M1361Lynx lynx         
I1059Maculinea teleius         
M1324Myotis myotis    100  100         
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    300  300         
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    300  300   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    1000  1000   
I1087Rosalia alpina         
I4055Stenobothrus eurasius         
I1014Vertigo angustior               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Alyssum saxatile                   
Apatura iris                   
Argyronome laodice                   
Boloria selene                   
Brenthis ino                   
Bufo viridis                   
Dentaria glandulosa                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Felis silvestris                   
Galanthus nivalis                     
Gentiana pneumonanthe                   
Gentianella austriaca                   
Hyla arborea                   
Iris pumila                   
Iris sibirica                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Lycopodium clavatum                   
Lycopodium clavatum                     
Maculinea alcon                   
Maculinea arion                   
Maculinea arion                   
Martes martes                     
Minuartia frutescens                   
Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Neptis rivularis                   
Odontosia carmelita                   
Parasemia plantaginis                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Poa pannonica ssp. scabra                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Rana temporaria                     
Salamandra salamandra                   
Saxifraga paniculata                   
Thlaspi kovatsii ssp. Schudichii                   
Triturus alpestris                   
Vipera berus                   
Woodsia ilvensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa, helyrelltsa: lohelyek:Sk- s dombvidki kaszlrtek 6510 Hegyi kaszlrtek 6520 Szubmontn s montn bkksk 9130 Fajok: Illatos csengettyuvirg (Adenophora liliifolia) Zemplni futrinka (Carabus zawadskii) Vzi futrinka (Carabus variolosus) Erdlyi tarsza (Isophya stysi) Eurzsiai rtisska (Stenobothrus eurasius) Vrfu hangyaboglrka (Maculinea teleius) Kis patksdenevr (Rhinolophus hipposideros) Nagy patksdenevr (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) Hiz (Lynx lynx) The site includes areas of the mountains along the northern border of the country, where there is a characteristic strengthening of Carpathian biogeographic influences, evidenced in the species composition of both woody (montane beech forests) and herb associations (rock grasslands and hay meadows). The Carpathian rock grassland of Fzri Vrhegy (Vr Hill at Fzr) has unique significance (Woodsia ilvensis, Saxifraga paniculata, Poa pannonica ssp. scabra occurrences). The managed, semi-natural populations of hay meadows (like Drahos-rt) are characterised by montane meadow species (Gladiolus imbricatus, Gentiana spp., Iris sibirica, Achillea ptarmica), threatened directly by shrub colonisation and afforestation.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Selected bibliography: Andrikovics S. - Kiss O. - Mikus L. - Vizsln L. 1995: Adatok a Zemplni-hegysg Trichoptera faunjnak ismerethez. - Acta Acad. Paed. Agr. 21. Suppl.1.:117-128. Bihari Z. - Gombkto P. 1993: Az szaki-kzphegysg denevrfaunisztikai felmrse. - Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 18: 163-189. Bihari Z. 1990 Adatok a Zemplni-hegysg pletlak denevreinek felmrshez. - Calandrella 4: 75-82. Bihari Z. 1990: A nagy patksorr denevr (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) s a hosszszrny denevr (Miniopterus schreibersi) vndorlsnak vizsglata a Zempln-hegysgben. - Calandrella 4: 22-27. Boros . 1935: A struccharaszt az Eperjes-tokaji hegysg csonkamagyarorszgi rszn. - Tristk Lapja: 47: 316. Blni J. - Nagy J. 1999: Szirti gyngyvesszo - Spiraea media FR. SCHM. -Tilia 7: 170-181. Blni J. 1997: Madrbirs (Cotoneaster) fajok Magyarorszgon. - Kitaibelia 2: 174-176. Chyzer K. 1885: jabb adatok Zemplnmegye bogrfaunjhoz I-III. - Rovartani Lapok 2: 100-106., 122-125., 142-147 Csapody V. 1954: Kt j nvny haznkban (Lonicera nigra a Zemplnben). - Bot. Kzlem. 45: 251-252. Endes M. 1991: Adatok a Zempln-hegysg s krnyknek halfaunjhoz. - Calandrella 5: 32-34. Endes M. 1991: Tokaj-Zemplni hegyvidk emlos faunjrl. - Calandrella 5 Erzberger P. 1998: Distribution of Dicranum viride and Dicranum tauricum in Hungary. - Studia Bot. 29: 35-47. Farag S. 1989: A farkas (Canis lupis LINN, 1758) 1920-1985 kztti elofordulsa Magyarorszgon. - Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 14: 139-164. Farkas S. 1997: A magyarorszgi palstfvek (Alchemilla spp.) ttekintse. - Kitaibelia 2: 181-192. Gencsi Z. 1999: Babrfuz - Salix pentandra L. - Tilia 7: 55-59. Hargitai Z. 1942: A mogyorstetoi forrslp nvnyzete. - Acta Geobot. Hung. 4: 265-280. Kovcs T. - Hegyessy G. 1989: A Necydalis major L. j magyarorszgi lelohelye, adatok letmdjhoz (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae). - Fol. Hist.-nat. Mus. Matr. 14: 129-131. Muskovits J. - Hegyessy G. 2002: Magyarorszg dszbogarai (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). - Grafon Kiad 1-404. Olh J. 1964: Adatok a Zemplni hegysg Trichoptera faunjnak ismerethez. - Rovartani Kzlemnyek 17: 75-86. Pifk D. - Somlyay L. - Loks L. 2003: Adatok a Zemplni-hegysg flrjhoz. - Kitaibelia 8: 187. Simon T. 1977: Vegetationsunterschungen im Zemplner Gebirge. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest So R. 1939: szaki reliktumnvnyek Magyarorszg flrjban. - Acta Geobot. Hung. 2: 151-199.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

It is a protected area (Zempln Landscape Protection Area).


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Specifikus clok: A sk- s dombvidki, illetve hegyi kaszlrtek fennmaradsa venknt egyszer lehetoleg nyr vgre kitolt kaszlssal biztostand, a beerdoslo terleteken a cserjseds-erdosls folyamatosan visszaszortand, elsosorban szelektv kzi cserjeirtssal, mely beavatkozs esetben kmlendo a vdett fles fuz (Salix aurita). A termszetkzeli llapotban lvo szubmontn s montn bkksk fennmaradsa a zavartalansg megorzsvel biztostand. A szubmontn s montn bkksk termohelyn ll idegenhonos llomnyok (elsosorban lucosok) talaktandk, az erdogazdlkodssal rintett llomnyok szlal jellegu beavatkozssal (szlals, szlalvgs) kezelendok. Nevelovgsok (tiszttsok, gyrtsek) sorn az elegyfafajok s a lbon ll holtfa kmlendok, az idegenhonos fafajok (Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, Larix decidua, stb.) eltvoltandk, egszsggyi termelsek esetben 5 m3/ha mrtkig ll (vastag) holtfa visszahagyand. Az illatos csengettyuvirg llomnynak megorzse rdekben lohelyeit vente egyszeri alkalommal kaszlni szksges, valamint amennyiben szksges, az lohelyn kzi szelektv cserjeirts vgzendo. A zemplni futrinka llomnyainak fennmaradsa rdekben a szeglyznk (bokros erdoszeglyek, magaskrsok) megorzse szksges. A vzi futrinka llomnyainak fennmaradsa rdekben az erdos terleten megtallhat vizes lohelyek, patakok parti svjban kialakul (ssos, magaskrs) vegetci, illetve a lpok megorzse szksges. Az erdlyi tarsza llomnyainak megorzshez a magasfvu kaszlrtek fenntartsa szksges. Az lohelyeinek becserjsedst esetenknti szelektv cserjeirtssal szksges megakadlyozni. Az eurzsiai rtisska jelenlegi llomnynak megorzse cljbl a szraz gyepek fenntartsa szksges, mely cl elrsrt a cserjsedo sztyepp terleteken cserjeirts alkalmazand. A sztyepplejto jelleg fenntartsval ellenttes hats antropogn zavars korltozsa szintn szksgszeru. A vrfu hangyaboglrka llomnyok fennmaradsa rdekben a vrfves de gyepek kaszlssal trtno fenntartsa szksges. A kaszlst ezeken a gyepeken legalbb rszben ki szksges tolni nyr vgig, vagy a gyep egy rszt kaszlatlanul szksges hagyni. Minden jelentosebb pletlak denevrkolnia esetben szksges a szllshelyek zavartalansgnak biztostsa a s a kedvezo adottsgok (pl. megfelelo mretu bereplonylsok, hjazat) fenntartsa. Szaporodsi idoszakban minden jelentosebb pletlak denevrkolnia esetben az pletek dszkivilgtsa mellozendo. Minden fontos telelohelyen a teljes telelsi idoszak sorn kerlendo a denevrek zavarsa, illetve a barlangbejrsok szneteltetse szksges. Minden lezrt, vagy nem megfeleloen lezrt barlang esetben denevrbart lezrs, illetve biztonsgos denevrbejrk ltestse szksges. Gondoskodni kell a gyenge llkonysg bnyavgatok fenntartsrl s rendszeres ellenorzsrol. A leheto legnagyobb szmban meghagyandk az erdokben a denevrek szmra alkalmas odvas fk. A hiz llomnynak megorzse rdekben az lohelyt jelento erdok zavartalansga biztostand. Ennek rdekben a nagyobb ltszm tristacsoportok s a tmegsportrendezvnyek terleten trtno megjelense s thaladsa korltozand, illetve megakadlyozand. A priorits fajok esetben szksges az llomnyok vltozsnak monitorozsa.



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