Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA255Anthus campestris    15  25   
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    30  50   
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA207Columba oenas    50  60   
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos     
BA238Dendrocopos medius    250  300   
BA236Dryocopus martius    80  100   
BA378Emberiza cia    50  50   
BA511Falco cherrug           
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA321Ficedula albicollis    700  800   
BA320Ficedula parva     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla    10  15   
BA338Lanius collurio    300  400   
BA246Lullula arborea    50  60   
BA261Motacilla cinerea    10   
BA072Pernis apivorus    15  22   
BA234Picus canus    70  80   
BA249Riparia riparia    400  500   
BA307Sylvia nisoria    120  140   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Adonis vernalis                   
Aethionema saxatile                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anemone sylvestris                   
Astacus astacus                     
Astragalus excapus                   
Astragalus excapus ssp. vesicarius                   
Blackstonia acuminata                   
Botrychium lunaria                   
Bufo viridis                   
Carduus collinus                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Ceterach officinarum                   
Coronilla coronata                   
Cytisus procumbens                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata                   
Dactylorhiza majalis                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Daphne cneorum                   
Dianthus deltoides                   
Dictamnus albus                   
Doronicum hungaricum                   
Draba lasiocarpa                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Epipactis palustris                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Felis silvestris                   
Galanthus nivalis                     
Geranium pratense                   
Gymnadenia odoratissima                   
Helix pomatia                     
Hyla arborea                   
Inula germanica                   
Inula oculus-christi                   
Iris graminea                   
Iris pumila                   
Iris variegata                   
Jovibarba hirta                   
Jurinea mollis                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Lathyrus pannonicus                   
Lathyrus sphaericus                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Lindernia procumbens                   
Linum flavum                   
Linum hirsutum                   
Linum tenuifolium                   
Myotis alcathoe                   
Myotis brandtii                   
Myotis daubentonii                   
Myotis mystacinus                   
Myotis nattereri                   
Nyctalus leisleri                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Omphalodes scorpioides                   
Onosma visianii                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis militaris                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Oxytropis pilosa                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Paronychia cephalotes                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Phlomis tuberosa                   
Physocaulis nodosus                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Plecotus auritus                   
Plecotus austriacus                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Polygala major                   
Prunella grandiflora                   
Pulsatilla pratensis ssp. nigricans                   
Rana arvalis                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Rana esculenta                     
Saga pedo                   
Scilla vindobonensis                   
Scrophularia vernalis                   
Scutellaria columnae                   
Sempervivum marmoreum                   
Serratula radiata                   
Sorbus cretica                   
Sorbus gerecsensis                   
Spirea media                   
Sternbergia colchiciflora                   
Stipa joannis                   
Stipa pulcherrima                   
Stipa tirsa                   
Thalictrum pseudominus                   
Vicia sparsiflora                   
Viola collina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

A diverse mountainous area of Gerecse (Gerecse Mountains): Dachstein limestone, freshwater limestone, dolomite as well as acid conglomerate are present. On these bases, loess and sand are deposited as younger sediment. From the thick loess cover limestone cliffs emerge in the higher areas, often forming extensive karrenfelds. Remarkable ravines and the basic rock rising to the surface in the form of rock walls make the region varied from the geomorphological aspect. Large, considerably continuous forests cover the area.

4.2 Quality and importance

„Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo madrfajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa, helyrelltsa": Klto fajok: Fekete glya (Ciconia nigra), Parlagi sas (Aquila heliaca), Kgyszlyv (Circaetus gallicus), Darzslyv (Pernis apivorus), Vndorslyom (Falco peregrinus), Kk galamb (Columba oenas), Hamvas kllo (Picus canus), Fekete harkly (Dryocopus martius), Fehrht fakopncs (Dendrocopos leucotos), Kzp fakopncs (Dendrocopos medius), Erdei pacsirta (Lullula arborea), Karvalyposzta (Sylvia nisoria), Kis lgykap (Ficedula parva), rvs lgykap (Ficedula albicollis), Tvisszr gbics (Lanius collurio), Bajszos srmny (Emberiza cia). Vonul madrfajok: Fekete glya (Ciconia nigra), Fehr glya (Ciconia ciconia), Parlagi sas (Aquila heliaca), Rtisas (Haliaeetus albicilla). The relatively untouched closed forests and open meadows of Gerecse provide an excellent breeding and feeding place for the predatory birds in the region.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate Address: H-1121 Budapest, Kltő u. 21.

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzs: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl kzssgi jelentosgu madrfajok s lohelyk kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl madrfajok lohelyeinek termszeti llapotnak, illetve a fenntart gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Specifikus clok: Kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet megorzse: A jello fajok populci nagysgnak megorzse, a populcik elterjedsi terlete nem cskkenhet. Kiemelt fajknt kell a vdelem sorn kezelni: a fekete glyt (Ciconia nigra), a parlagi sast (Aquila heliaca), a kgyszlyvet (Circaetus gallicus), a fehrht fakopncsot (Dendrocopos leucotos) s a kis lgykapt (Ficedula parva). A j llapot erdo s gyep lohelyek termszetszeru szerkezetnek megorzse. Magas termszetessgu gyepek, erdok fenntartsa szakszeru hasznostssal/kezelssel. Extenzv gyepgazdlkods fenntartsa. Legelo llatllomny nvekedsnek elrse. Vltozatos extenzv fldhasznlat s mezogazdasgi muvels fenntartsa s fejlesztse. Tjidegen energia nvnyfajok megjelensnek s terjedsnek megelozse. A beptett terletek terleti kiterjedsnek minimalizlsa. Kisvizek rekonstrukciinak elosegtse, tmogatsa. Erdohasznlat gyakorlatnak talaktsa. A szlal vgs, szlals bevezetse az arra alkalmas terleteken az odlak madrfajok lohelynek folyamatos megorzse rdekben. Kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet elrse rdekben szksges fejleszts: Meglvo rge llomnyok megorzse, szksg szerint telepts alkalmas lohelyekre. Meglvo s j ltestsu kzpfeszltsgu elektromos hlzat tartoszlopainak szigetelse, tovbb szksg esetn fldkbelbe helyezse. Invazv nvnyfajok, klnsen a selyemkr, kanadai aranyvesszo, fehr akc, blvnyfa, fekete fenyo, erdei fenyoterjedsnek meglltsa, llomnyaik cskkentse. Az aktulis termszeti llapothoz igazod legeltetsi/kaszlsi rendszer kialaktsa s megvalstsa a sztyepprtek s lszgyepek terletn a tlhasznlat/alulhasznlat elkerlse rdekben. A jello fajoknak otthont ad erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban elotrbe szksges helyezni a folyamatos erdobortst biztost, vagy ahhoz funkcijban jobban kzelto hasznlatok alkalmazst, valamint kzelteni szksges a lombkorona-, cserje-, lgyszr szint faji, letkori sszettelt a termszetes llapotokhoz, klnsen a bkksk, melegkedvelo, tlgyesek, cseres tlgyesek, gyertynos tlgyesek terletn. Mestersges fszkek kihelyezse veszlyeztetett ragadoz madarak szmra. reg s bhncs faegyedek megorzse. Nagy terleti kiterjedsu vgsterletek, vghasznlatok s a terleti fragmentci (erdszeti feltr utak, kzelto hlzat tlzott surtse) elkerlse. Holt faanyag hektronknti nvelse a hegysg terletn a vltozatos rovarvilg nvelse rdekben, amely a harklyfauna megorzse rdekben szksges. A hazai viszonylatban veszlyeztetett fehrht fakopncs llomnynak nvelse rdekben szksges megfelelo terleti kiterjedsben s trbeli elosztsban idos erdok s facsoportok fenntartsa, megfelelo mennyisgu, mreteloszls holt fa biztostsa. A terleten tallhat cserjsedett, mestersgesen erdostett fontos madr tpllkoz terlet sziklagyepek, sztyepprtek, lszgyepek visszaalaktsa gyepp, extenzv hasznlattal val fenntartsuk. A terleten a vadltszmot olyan szinten szksges tartani, hogy az ne okozza az erdok, gyepek degradcijt, ne veszlyeztesse a fldn fszkelo madrfajok llomnyt. A tjidegen muflon llomny kiszortsa a magas termszetessgu fontos madr tpllkoz terletet jelento gyepekrol. Krnyezetkmlo gyom s rovarirt, illetve nvnyvdoszerek hasznlatnak elosegtse. znnvny fajok terjedse esetn specilis vegyszerhasznlat, egyb esetekben a gyomosods talajbolygatssal nem jr mechanikai visszaszortsa. Krnyezetkmlo sznyogirts. A madrlohelyeket veszlyezteto egyb tevkenysgek (pl.: gpjrmu forgalom, crossmotorozs, quadozs, illeglis turistautak, illeglis bnyszat) megszntetse. A jello madrfajok lohelyeinek infrastrukturlis fejlesztsekkel szembeni vdelme. Ragadoz madr etetoterek kialaktsa az elkborols s mrgezs negatv hatsainak cskkentse rdekben. Elo kell segteni a jelenleg nem jello fajok llomnynak nvekedst, klnsen az albbi fajok tekintetben: kerecsenslyom (Falco cherrug).



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