Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5130  info      26.87  0.00 
6240  info      268.71  0.00 
6250  info      134.36  0.00 
91G0  info      806.14  0.00 
91H0  info      483.68  0.00 
91M0  info      537.42  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    50   
A1188Bombina bombina          DD       
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria    2500  5000    DD 
I4023Carabus hungaricus         
I1088Cerambyx cerdo          DD 
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus          DD 
P4067Echium russicum          DD 
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    60  60   
P4098Iris humilis ssp. arenaria    501  1000   
I1079Limoniscus violaceus         
I1083Lucanus cervus    2500  5000    DD 
I1089Morimus funereus          DD 
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    20  100   
M1307Myotis blythii    501  1000   
M1321Myotis emarginatus         
M1324Myotis myotis    501  1000   
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    251  500   
M1305Rhinolophus euryale         
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    10   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    201  500   
I1087Rosalia alpina          DD 
M1335Spermophilus citellus    10  50    DD 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Adonis vernalis                   
Anemone silvestris                   
Astragalus excapus                   
Astragalus excapus ssp. vesicarius                   
Blackstonia acuminata                   
Botrychium lunaria                   
Carduus collinus                   
Carex alba                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Ceterach officinarum                   
Cytisus procumbens                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata                   
Dactylorhiza majalis                   
Dianthus arenarius ssp. borussicus                   
Dictamnus albus                   
Digitalis lanata                   
Emberiza cia                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Epipactis palustris                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Galanthus nivalis                     
Gentiana cruciata                   
Gymnadenia odoratissima                   
Helichrysum arenarium                   
Inula germanica                   
Inula oculus-christi                   
Iris pumila                   
Iris variegata                   
Jovibarba hirta                   
Jurinea mollis                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Lathyrus pannonicus ssp. collinus                   
Lathyrus sphaericus                   
Linum flavum                   
Linum hirsutum                   
Linum tenuifolium                   
Listera ovata                   
Merops apiaster                   
Myotis daubentonii                   
Myotis nattereri                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Onosma arenaria                   
Onosma visianii                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Orchis militaris                   
Orchis morio                   
Orchis purpurea                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Otus scops                   
Oxytropis pilosa                   
Phlomis tuberosa                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Plecotus auritus                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Polygala major                   
Prunella grandiflora                   
Pulsatilla pratensis ssp. nigricans                   
Ranunculus illyricus                   
Riparia riparia                   
Scilla vindobonensis                   
Scrophularia vernalis                   
Sempervivum marmoreum                   
Serratula radiata                   
Sorbus danubialis                   
Sternbergia colchiciflora                   
Stipa joannis                   
Stipa pulcherrima                   
Tichodroma muraria                   
Tyto alba                   
Upupa epops                   
Vicia sparsiflora                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The hilly region between the settlements of Bajt and Mogyorsbnya, as well as between Tokod, Csolnok and Dorog. Regarding its geological structure it is the most diverse part of the Gerecse Mountains: on the surface of its western edge banked Dachstein limestone can be found in a large area (Bajt: reg-ko) and also freshwater limestone (Mogyorsbnya: Ko-hegy), dolomite (Gete, Magos-hegy) are present, as well as acid conglomerate in a small area (Tokod: Kves-hegy). On these bases, loess is deposited as younger sediment often in several meters' thickness in the southern part of the area, while at the northern edge sand is deposited. Furthermore, the mixture of the two also can occur. Nagy-Gete, with a height of 456 meters is a determining element of the landscape as it emerges from the neighbouring plain and low hilly region. Besides the separate horsts (300-350 m) loess hills (150-200 m) and loess sides are characteristic. In addition to the large grasslands, continuous forested areas can be found on the Gete-csoport, between the settlements of Mogyorsbnya and Bajt as well as south of the settlement of Plifldszentkereszt.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa, helyrelltsa: Kzssgi jelentosgu lohelytpusok: 91M0 Pannon cseres-tlgyesek Kiemelt kzssgi jelentosgu lohelytpusok: 6210 Meszes alapkozetu fltermszetes szraz gyepek s cserjsedett vltozataik (Festuco-Brometalia) fontos orchidea-lelohelyei, 6240 Szubpannon sztyeppk, 6250 Sksgi pannon lszgyepek, 8310 nagykznsg szmra meg nem nyitott barlangok, 91G0 Pannon gyertynos-tlgyesek Quercus petraeval s Carpinus betulusszal, 91H0 Pannon molyhos tlgyesek Quercus pubescensszel Kzssgi jelentosgu llatfajok: magyar futrinka (Carabus hungaricus), kk pattanbogr (Limoniscus violaceus), nagy hoscincr (Cerambyx cerdo), havasi cincr (Rosalia alpina), szarvasbogr (Lucanus cervus) Kzssgi jelentosgu nvnyfajok: bboros sallangvirg (Himantoglossum caprinum), lenykkrcsin (Pulsatilla grandis) In this site extensive rocky grasslands and slope steppes evolved on very diverse basic rock types. It is a transition area towards the plain region, which can be observed in the associations, as well as in species of flora and fauna. The Himantoglossum caprinum population is very significant.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Duna-Ipoly National Park Directorate Address: H-1121 Budapest, Kltő u. 21.

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Specifikus clok: Kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet megorzse: A jello fajok populci nagysgnak megorzse, a populcik elterjedsi terlete nem cskkenhet. A j llapot jello lohelyek termszetszeru szerkezetnek, fajkszletnek megorzse. Nem vghasznlhat a tz ves erdotervezsi cikluson bell - jello lohely tpusonknt vizsglva -tbb idos erdollomny, mint amennyi korosodsval belp a hasonl kolgiai funkcit elltni kpes korosztlyokba. A jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya nem nvekedhet. Kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet elrse rdekben szksges fejleszts: Invazv fajok, klnsen a selyemkr, kanadai aranyvesszo, fehr akc, blvnyfa, fekete fenyo, erdei fenyo, ltal veszlyeztetett jello gyeptrsulsok megvsa a degradcitl, az invazv fajok terjedsnek meglltsa, llomnyaik cskkentse. Az aktulis termszeti llapothoz igazod legeltetsi/kaszlsi rendszer kialaktsa s megvalstsa a sztyepprtek s lszgyepek, homoki gyepek terletn a tlhasznlat/alulhasznlat elkerlse rdekben. A jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban elotrbe szksges helyezni a folyamatos erdobortst biztost, vagy ahhoz funkcijban jobban kzelto hasznlatok alkalmazst, valamint kzelteni szksges a lombkorona-, cserje-, lgyszr szint faji, letkori sszettelt a termszetes llapotokhoz, klnsen a magas termszetessgu bkksk, melegkedvelo, tlgyesek, cseresek s a gyertynos tlgyesek terletn. Az erdo feljtsokon a gyomirt nvnyvdoszer hasznlat korltozsa, znnvny fajok terjedse esetn specilis vegyszerhasznlat, egyb esetekben a gyomosods talajbolygatssal nem jr mechanikai visszaszortsa. A becserjseds, beerdosds miatt degradld jello lohely szraz gyepek terletn a szukcesszi lasstsa, a cserjk visszaszortsa mozaikos foltokban, a cserjsek tlzott trfoglalsnak megakadlyozsa. A xilofg rovarok llomnynak nvelse rdekben szksges megfelelo terleti kiterjedsben s trbeli elosztsban idos erdok s facsoportok fenntartsa, megfelelo mennyisgu, mreteloszls holt fa biztostsa. A kznsges rge (Spermophilus citellus) llomnynak megerostse, fenntartsa rdekben lohelyn a rendszeres kaszls helyett legeltetni szksges. A barlangltogats s denevrkutats a denevr populcikat ne veszlyeztesse, a denevrvdelmi okokbl jelentos barlangok lezrsa. A vrshas unka (Bombina bombina) populcik rdekben a kis tavak, vzllsok megorzse. A magyar futrinka (Carabus hungaricus) s a homoki noszirom (Iris humilis subsp. arenaria) megorzse rdekben a homoki gyepek terlett extenzv mezogazdasgi hasznlattal szksges fenntartani. A havasi cincr (Rosalia alpina) vdelme rdekben az lohelyl szolgl bkkskben biztostani szksges a populci folyamatos fennmaradshoz megfelelo fallomnyt. A kk pattanbogr (Limoniscus violaceus) vdelme rdekben biztostani kell lohelyn talajszinti faodk megltt s kialakulsnak lehetosgt, elsosorban idosebb sarj eredetu tlgyes llomnyok fenntartsval s rszben sarj eredetu erdo llomnyok felnevelsvel. Az lohelyeket veszlyezteto egyb tevkenysgek (pl.: gpjrmu forgalom, crossmotorozs, quad, siklernyozs, illeglis bnyszat) megszntetse, a jogilag nem ltezo, de kijrt fldutak felszmolsa A terleten a vadltszmot olyan szinten szksges tartani, hogy az a kln vadvdelem nlkli erdofeljtst ne gtolja, valamint ne okozza a gyepek degradcijt, a tjidegen muflon llomny kiszortsa a jello lohelyek terletrol. A jello lohelyek infrastrukturlis fejlesztsekkel szembeni vdelme.



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