Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



Back to top

1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

Alpár-bokrosi tisza-ártéri öblözet

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


Back to top

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis     
BA043Anser anser    30  50   
BA043Anser anser    250  300   
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA029Ardea purpurea    10   
BA024Ardeola ralloides    10  15   
BA059Aythya ferina    20  30   
BA060Aythya nyroca    10   
BA021Botaurus stellaris     
BA196Chlidonias hybridus    20  65   
BA031Ciconia ciconia           
BA030Ciconia nigra    50  100   
BA081Circus aeruginosus     
BA082Circus cyaneus    10   
BA231Coracias garrulus     
BA122Crex crex    10   
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus           
BA236Dryocopus martius    10         
BA027Egretta alba    15  30   
BA026Egretta garzetta    20  40   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA321Ficedula albicollis     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    10   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    10   
BA338Lanius collurio    30  40   
BA339Lanius minor     
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    20  25   
BA094Pandion haliaetus     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    500  800   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    30  300   
BA234Picus canus           
BA034Platalea leucorodia    70   
BA006Podiceps grisegena     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    10   
BA120Porzana parva     
BA119Porzana porzana    10   
BA118Rallus aquaticus     
BA336Remiz pendulinus    10   
BA193Sterna hirundo     
BA307Sylvia nisoria     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  15   
BA162Tringa totanus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acherontia atropos                   
Acrida hungarica                   
Aglais urticae                   
Ammobiota festiva                   
Apatura ilia                   
Archiearis puella                   
Bufo bufo                   
Bufo viridis                   
Carabus cancellatus tibiscinus                   
Carabus clathratus stygius                   
Carabus ulrichii planitiae                   
Catocala fraxini                   
Copris lunaris                   
Dorcus parallelipipedus                   
Ennomos quercarius                   
Epitheca bimaculata                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Erinaceus concolor                   
Helix pomatia                   
Hyla arborea                   
Inachis io                   
Iphiclides podalirius                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Martes martes                   
Megopis scabricornis                   
Myotis daubentoni                   
Natrix natrix                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Oberea euphorbiae                   
Odontognophos dumetatus                   
Parnopes grandior                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Periphanes delphinii                   
Phalera bucephaloides                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Rana arvalis                   
Rana esculenta                   
Rana ridibunda                   
Saragossa porosa kenderesiensis                   
Sorex araneus                   
Staurophora celsia                   
Talpa europaea                   
Vanessa atalanta                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is the floodplain of Tisza River with backwaters and moorlands in the flood basin, with a mosaic of Salicion albae, Fraxino pannonicae-Alnetum and forest-plantations, floodplain meadows and arable lands. Introduction in practice of the appropriate management of forests and cultivated lands are the key factor of conservation efforts.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo madrfajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa: kis krkatona, bakcs, stks gm, kis kcsag, kanalasgm. Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo madrfajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek helyrelltsa: cignyrce, haris. It has high importance because it is the greatest remaining floodplain in the Middle- and Lower-Tisza-region in Hungary. Natural (not planted) willow-poplar alluvial forests are quite rare in these regions, and this applies also to riparian mixed forests with Quercus robur. Nevertheless the site contains valuable stands of both. It has medium quality. Most marshes are in good natural state but spreading of adventive invasive Amorpha fruticosa can threaten even them. In the past decades there were long periods without inundation (owing to a secondary dike) and it was unfavourable for a lot of alluvial forest stands. Extreme floods of 1999-2000 have exterminated many alluvial meadows and most of the undergrowth in riparian mixed forests because of very high and long-lasting water cover. (The secondary dike had also a role in these events because it did not let the incoming water to leave the area in a natural way.) Invasion of agressive adventive plant species is also a very serious damaging factor, mainly for natural forests; the most important invasive species are: Amorpha fruticosa, Echinocystis lobata, Acer negundo, Vitis riparia, Fraxinus pennsylvanica. It is one of the most important breeding and migrating floodplain territories for herons, waterfowl, and shorebirds along the River Tisza basin. Although 55 % of the site is agricultural, and artificially forested territory, but these fields are important for the migrating waterfowl populations as feeding habitats, while the planted forests are breeding habitats for a few threatened species, for example Black Stork and White-tailed Eagle.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Barabs, S. (1999): A Lakitelek-Szikrai mintaterlet lohelytrkpezse s lersa. A Duna-Tisza kze aktulis lohelytrkpezse program 41. szm terlete, pp. 39. (research study) Bartha, D. (1998): Veszlyeztetett erdotrsulsaink I. Fuz-nyr (puhafs) ligeterdok Erdszeti Lapok CXXXIII. vf. 1. szm 23. pp. Bodrogkzy, Gy. (1961): kologische Untersuchungen der Mhwiesen und Weiden der Mittel-Theiss (Das Leben der Tisza, XIII.) Aus dem Botanischen Institut der Universitt Szeged, 196-216. pp. Dapsy, L. (1869): A Tisza szablyozs befolysa a magyar talajra. 97-108. pp. Dek Antal, A. (2000): A Tisza-szablyozs s pnzgyi httere - Hidrolgiai Kzlny 80. vf. 2. sz. 65-77. pp. Halsz, T. (1995): Tisza Program. Erdszeti gazati Helyzetfelmrs, pp. 77. (research study) Havranek, L. (1961): Das Leben der Tisza XVI. Mammological investigations in the Tisza basin. Acta Biol. Szeged. VII(3-4):139-142. Havranek, L. (1962): Life of the river Tisza XX. Mammological investigations in "Tos"-forest. Acta Biol. Szeged. VIII (1-4):167-171. Havranek, L. and Molnr, H. (1965): Preliminary report on the Arachnoidea-fauna of the Tisza-Valley Tiscia1:93-107. Horvth I., Margczi K: (1979): Region reconstruction of the Tisza dead-arm at Lakitelek on the basis of the ecological investigations performed in Toserdo.Tiscia 14:89-104. Ihrig, D. (1973) (szerk.): A magyar vzszablyozs trtnete.:--. Budapest, 398 pp Krpti, I.: Az rtri szintek geomorfolgiai- s vegetci-szukcesszijnak kapcsolata Keszthelyi Agrrtudomnyi Egyetem, Nvnytani Tanszk pp. 73-81. L. Loks and M. Rajczy (eds) (1999): The flora of the Kiskunsg National Park.- Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest, 466 pp. Lszlffy, W. (1971): A Tiszavlgy vzrajzi kpe a szablyozsi munkk kszbn - .In: A Tisza szablyozsa I. rsz: 1846-1879. (eds. Botr, I., Krolyi, Z. ) pp.7-17. VIZDOK, Budapest. Lszlffy, W. (1982): A Tisza vzi munklatok s vzgazdlkods a tiszai vzrendszerben. - Akadmia Kiad, 570-571. pp. Marosi, S. - Szilrd J.: A tiszai Alfld. Budapest, 1969. 381 p. Molnr, B. (1992) (szerk.): A Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park fldtani s vzfldtani viszonyai, pp. 205. (research study) Nagy, Sz. (1998): Fontos madrlohelyek Magyarorszgo. - Magyar Madrtani s Termszetvdelmi Egyeslet, Budapest, 138 pp. Olh M., Tth J., A. Olh J., Bodea T. (2000): Parti pufferzna szerepe a folyvlgyi nitrogn-anyagcserben a Tisza mentn. Hidrolgiai Kzlny 80:339-341. ko, R. (2000): A magyarorszgi folyk tltsezett szakaszn kialakult hullmterek terlethasznlatnak jellemzse. pp.339-341. Plfai, I. (1995) (szerk.): Tisza-vlgyi holtgak. - Kzlekedsi, Hrkzlsi s Vzgyi Minisztrium, Budapest, 168 pp. S. Mahunka (ed.) (1986): The fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park. Vol.1. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest, 491 pp. S. Mahunka (ed.) (1987): The fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park. Vol.1. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest, 479 pp.


Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

22% of the site is part of the Kiskunsg National Park. An additional 22% of the site is "Ex lege Protected Bog", a further 66 % is not protected. The whole site is part of the "A Tisza homokhtsgi vzgyujtoje" Environmentally Sensitive Area.


Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:11% Kiskunsg National Park Directorate, 14% State Forestry Company (KEFAG Inc.), and Water Management Authority, 77 % private landowners.

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Rszletes clkituzsek: A jello lohelyek kiterjedse ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez a vltozs msik, az eltuno lohelyrszhez hasonl termszetessgu jello lohely kiterjedsnek nvekedse miatt kvetkezik be. A jello lohelyek minosgt fenntartani, lehetosg szerint fejleszteni szksges. A jello lohelyek termszetessge ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez kzvetlenl elhrthatatlan klso ok (pldul idojrsi szlsosg, fogyasztszervezet gradcija), vagy erdei lohely esetn a fallomny engedlyezett vghasznlata, illetve a feljts rdekben szksgszeruen vgzett talajmunka miatt kvetkezik be. Erdei lohelyek megvand termszetes tulajdonsgai kz tartozik egyebek kztt a heterogn tr- s korszerkezet, a legyenglt egszsgu fk jelenlte, az ll s fekvo holtfk jelenlte, a fajgazdag cserje- s gyepszint. A mezogazdasgi muvels sorn a hullmtri szntfldek fldhasznlatnak meghatrozsa, az extenzv muvels elotrbe helyezse kiemelt clknt hatrozhat meg. A mezogazdasgi muvels fenntartsa (gyepek s szntfldek) a nylt terletek ltal biztostott lohely-mozaikok fenntartsa rdekben. Szntfldi s gyepgazdlkodsi tevkenysg fenntartsa s fejlesztse az invzis nvnyek (pl. gyalogakc) terjedsnek visszaszortsa rdekben. Gyepgazdlkods sorn a kaszls mellett a szarvasmarhval trtno legeltetst is elotrbe kell helyezni. Erdogazdlkods sorn elsodleges szempont, hogy a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya ne nvekedjen a jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban, illetve azok arnynak cskkentst kell elosegteni. A fokozottan vdett s telepesen fszkelo madrfajok kltohelynek vdelmt biztostani kell megfelelo mretu s minosgu vdozna kialaktsval, illetve a fszkeket tart fallomnyok megvsval, szksg esetn ptlsval. Kltsi idoben, ami a prvlaszts idoszakt is magba foglalja, a fszkelohelyek krl kialaktott vdovezetben erdszeti tevkenysgek nem vgezhetok. A halszati s horgszati tevkenysg sorn figyelemmel kell lenni a terleten fszkelo, vonul s telelo madrllomnyokra. A kiemelt tpllkoz terleteken a madarak zavarsval jr tevkenysg (pl. riaszts) nem folytathat. Az emberi jelenlt ltal okozott zavars s veszlyeztets elkerlse rdekben a turisztikai, vadgazdlkodsi s vadszati tevkenysgeket s azoknak a terlet madrllomnyra gyakorolt hatsait folyamatosan monitorozni szksges. Kiemelt clknt fogalmazhat meg a veszlyezteto tnyezok mrsklse, gy a hullmtri szntfldek fldhasznlati problminak megoldsa (muvels megvltoztatsra van szksg), nem megfelelo erdogazdlkods megszuntetse, a gyalogakc terjedsnek megakadlyozsa, kiemelten a rteken, de felhagyott szntfldi krnyezetben is, a madarak zavarsnak elkerlse, illetve a klnfle vzgazdlkodsi problmk kikszblse. A Tisza radsai sorn megfelelo lohelyek alakulnak ki a vzimadarak szmra, de a muvels elmaradsa a gyepek degradcijt okozza, gy fenntart gazdlkods feltteleit biztostani kell. There is a management plan for the national park site (22%) from 2000; its contents are incomplete and not according to the relevant national legislation, to be updated.



Back to top
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)