Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2004-05
National legal reference of SPA designation275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon    20  30   
BA229Alcedo atthis    40  50   
BA056Anas clypeata    1100  1500   
BA052Anas crecca    1000  1500   
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    3500  3500   
BA055Anas querquedula    250  300   
BA051Anas strepera    200  250   
BA041Anser albifrons    8000  12000   
BA043Anser anser    1000  1200   
BA043Anser anser    50  50   
BA042Anser erythropus    18   
BA255Anthus campestris    10   
BA404Aquila heliaca    10   
BA404Aquila heliaca     
BA029Ardea purpurea    160  180   
BA024Ardeola ralloides    170  180   
BA222Asio flammeus     
BA059Aythya ferina    2400  2700   
BA059Aythya ferina    15  20   
BA060Aythya nyroca    50  60   
BA021Botaurus stellaris    20  30   
BA396Branta ruficollis    10  25   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    10  15   
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus     
BA196Chlidonias hybridus    100   
BA031Ciconia ciconia    40  70   
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA030Ciconia nigra    50  100   
BA081Circus aeruginosus    35  40   
BA082Circus cyaneus    160  180   
BA084Circus pygargus    10   
BA231Coracias garrulus    20  30   
BA122Crex crex    25   
BA238Dendrocopos medius     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    15  20   
BA236Dryocopus martius    15  25   
BA027Egretta alba    700  800   
BA027Egretta alba    630  690   
BA026Egretta garzetta    400  500   
BA026Egretta garzetta    200  240   
BA511Falco cherrug     
BA103Falco peregrinus     
BA097Falco vespertinus    20  30   
BA321Ficedula albicollis    10  20   
BA127Grus grus    22000  22000   
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla    15  20   
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    10  45   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus    50  70   
BA338Lanius collurio    50  60   
BA339Lanius minor    50  60   
BA176Larus melanocephalus    250  300   
BA156Limosa limosa    15  15   
BA156Limosa limosa    50  100   
BA272Luscinia svecica    30  35   
BA068Mergus albellus    200  250   
BA073Milvus migrans    10   
BA160Numenius arquata    500  600   
BA160Numenius arquata     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    400  400   
BA214Otus scops     
BA094Pandion haliaetus    10   
BA323Panurus biarmicus    40  50   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    20  20   
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    1000  1200   
BA151Philomachus pugnax    5000  6000   
BA034Platalea leucorodia    120  210   
BA032Plegadis falcinellus     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    10  100   
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    20  50   
BA120Porzana parva    50  60   
BA119Porzana porzana    10  30   
BA118Rallus aquaticus         
BA118Rallus aquaticus    80  100   
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    50  200   
BA336Remiz pendulinus    40  50   
BA249Riparia riparia    500  600   
BA249Riparia riparia         
BA193Sterna hirundo    50  200   
BA307Sylvia nisoria    10  15   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    200  300   
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    40  50   
BA166Tringa glareola    300  400   
BA162Tringa totanus    400  500   
BA162Tringa totanus    30  50   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Lepidium crassifolium                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is characterized by fishponds with large extension and a mosaic of saline grasslands, salt lakes and cultivated lands, intermixed with Salicion albae, forest plantations and backwaters. The degradation of grasslands caused by insufficiency of extensive grazing, the intensive growth of fish and other farm products are the main endangering factors.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo madrfajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa: vrsnyak ld, kis lilik, kis krkatona, fekete glya, bakcs, kanalasgm, daru, gulipn, glyatcs. Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo lohelyek s fajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek helyrelltsa: hamvas rtihja, parlagi sas, szki lile, nagy goda, rti flesbagoly, szalakta. The floodplain territory of River Tisza has high importance because it is part of an important ecological corridor consisting of forests, meadows, riverbed and wetlands passing from north to south. The Tisza River is one of the less regulated rivers in Hungary. Natural (not planted) willow-poplar alluvial forests are quite rare in these regions, and it is true so much the more in the case of native poplar forests with Populus alba, Populus nigra. Nevertheless, the site contains valuable stands of both of them. It has mostly medium quality. Most of the oxbow lakes and marshes are in a good natural state but spreading of adventive invasive Amorpha fruticosa can threaten even them. It has a lot of plant and animal species protected by national law; the motivation of the existence of these species is given as "D - other reason" (in the "ecological information - other important species" table). The former floodplain territory of River Tisza has good quality and high importance because it is the greatest remaining sodic lowland plain in the Lower-Tisza-region in Hungary. Due to the extensive, traditional grazing practice, the grasslands on sodic soil are good condition, the sodic pan and marshes are in a good natural state as well. The site is important not only from the point of view of natural inland sodic habitats, but is important for birds as a nesting, feeding and roosting site as well. Although 55 % of the site is covered by agricultural areas, forest plantations and fishponds, these artificial and semi natural habitats are very important for the breeding and migrating bird (geese, cranes, shorebirds) populations as feeding and nesting habitats, as well as certain planted forests are functioning as breeding habitats for a few threatened species, e.g. Black Stork and White-tailed Eagle. The fishponds are the most important stopover sites (Ramsar sites) for migrating waterfowl and shorebirds, as well as the most important breeding place for herons along the lower part of River Tisza.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

A Magyar Madrtani Egyeslet Pusztaszeri Helyi Csoport Faunisztikai Jegyzeti. 1977-1976. Pusztaszer. Kzirat. A Pusztaszeri Tjvdelmi Krzet llapotfelmrse s kezelsi terve. Kecskemt 1994. p.24. A Pusztaszeri Tjvdelmi Krzet termszetvdelmi fenntartsi s fejlesztsi terve (1989) Krnyezetgazdlkodsi Intzet, Budapest. And M. (1966): Mikroklimaverhaltnisse der sodahaltigen teiche im sdlichen teil der grossen tiefefbene. Acta Geographica Szeged. Tom.VI. Fasc.1-4. 23-53p. And M. (1968): A Pusztaszeri Dongr-t termszeti fldrajzi viszonyai. Kzirat Szeged And M. (1975): A dl-alfldi szikes tavak termszetfldrajzi adottsgai. Hidrolgiai Kzlny. 55. 27-35p. And M.- Mucsi M. (1967): Klimarhytmen im Donau-Theiss-Zwischenstromland. Acta Geographica Szeged. Tom.VII. Fasc.1-6. 43-53p. And, M.: -Bodrogkzy Gy. - Marin M.: A Mrtly-Sasr Tjvdelmi Krzet trsadalmi hasznostsnak biolgiai s termszet-fldrajzi alapjai. (Tervtanulmny. ) 1974. 106 p. Kzirat a Szegedi Akadmiai Bizottsg knyvtrban. And, M.: Mikroklimavverhaltnisse der sodahaltigen Teiche im sdlichen Teil der Grossen Tiefebane. Acta Geographica. Szeged. 1966. 6, kt, 23-53 p. And,M. (1971) A tiszai vzrendszer rvzi helyzetnek fobb termszeti fldrajzi sszetevoi.In:Az Als Tisza vidki nagy rvzvdekezs, 1970.pp.130-139. Budapest And,M. (1971) Tp termszeti fldrajza. In: Tp trtnete s nprajza.pp.11-18. Tp. And,M. (1959) Mikroklimatikus sajtsgok a Tisza-rtr dli szakaszn. Fldr.rt.8:309-336. Az Orszgos Termszetvdelmi Hivatal elnknek 1/1976. OTvH szm hatrozata a Pusztaszeri Tjvdelmi Krzt ltestsrol. Tancsok Kzlnye, 1976. 25. vf. 169-179. p. Az Orszgos Termszetvdelmi Hivatal elnknek 1/1976. OTvH szm hatrozata a Pusztaszeri Tjvdelmi Krzt ltestsrol. Tancsok Kzlnye, 1976. 25. vf. 169-179. p. Bba,K. And,M. (1964) Mikroklma vizsglatokkal egybekttt malakocnolgiai vizsglatok rtri kubikokban. Szegedi Tanrkpzo Foiskola Tudomnyos Kzlemnyeipp. 97-110 Bba,K. Tth,T. Sri,D. (1999) Kagylhjak nehzfm tartalma az Als-Tiszn. Bankovics A. - MOLNR Gy.: Haznk j fszkelo madrfaja:a halvny geze (Hippolais pallida elaeica). Bvr, 1970. 25. vf. 413-445, p. Bankovics A. (1971): Kis csr (Sterna albifrons) s kucsms billegeto (Motacilla flava feldeggi) a Csaj-tavon. llattani Kzlemnyek. 58. kt. 160-163. p. Bankovics A.: Data on the comparative ecology of the scrub Warbler Hippolais pallida elaeica (LINDL. ) and its spreading along the Tisza is the Tears 1973 to 1974. Tiscia, 1974. 10. kt. 81-83. p. Bankovics A.: Spreading and habits of Hippolais pallida elaeica (LINDL.) along the Tisza. Tiscia, 1974. 9. kt. 105-113. p. Bl Mtys: Csongrd s Csand megye trtnete. [Pozsony] 1732. A Mra Ferenc Mzeum kiadsa. (Elokszletben ) Belnyesy M. (1953) A halszat a XIV. szzadban. Ethnographia pp.149-149. Bod P.(1974): Nhny ritkbb madrfaj a Csaj-tavon. Puszta, 5. sz. Szeged 1974. 15-16. p.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

74 % of the site is a landscape protection area since 1971. 15 % of the area is designated under the Ramsar Convention since 1982. 20 % of the site is a part of the "A Tisza homokhtsgi vzgyujtoje" Environmentally Sensitive Area.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:16 % Kiskunsg National Park Directorate, 4 % others (Water Management Directorate, State Forestry Company /DALERD Rt./), 10 % collective farm, 1 % local authority of the communities, 69 % private ownership.

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Rszletes clkituzsek: A jello lohelyek kiterjedse s konnektivitsa ne cskkenjen. Ennek rdekben a jello pusztai lohelyek s fajok llomnyainak trbeli kapcsolatait ront, termszetvdelmi clt nem szolgl erdoteleptsek nem vgezhetok. A jello lohelyek termszetessge sehol ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez kzvetlenl elhrthatatlan klso ok (pldul idojrsi szlsosg, fogyasztszervezet gradcija) miatt kvetkezik be. Termszetvdelmi clbl, msik jello lohely vagy faj rdekben is cskkentheto a jello lohely termszetessge (pldul jello madrfaj szmra kedvezo krlmnyeket teremto tllegeltetssel), ha az gy bekvetkezo rtkcskkensnl nagyobb az egyidejuleg eloidzett, Natura 2000 kijells cljait szolgl termszeti rtknvekeds. A jellemzo fldhasznlati formk kzl ki kell emelni a mezogazdasgi muvelst, ami a nylt pusztai lohelyek minosgt alapvetoen meghatrozza. Mezogazdasgi muvels sorn az extenzv hasznostsi formkat kell elotrbe helyezni, ugyanakkor a vonul s telelo madrllomnyok (Anseriformes, Gruiformes) tpllkul szolgl szemes takarmnyokhoz (elsosorban kukorica) val hozzfrst biztostani kell. Az arats utni tarlk meghagysa a tli idoszakban, illetve a termszetvdelmi kezelo madrvdelmi cl takarmnytermesztse a jelenlegi agrrtmogatsi rendszer mellett is alkalmas a tli tpllk biztostsra, m a hossz tvon is megnyugtat megoldst a rgiban egy kiemelt tmogatsi rendszer (pl. MTT) bevezetse jelenten. A gyepterletek hasznostsa sorn a klterjes legeltetsre alapul llattarts fejlesztse, valamint a gyepterletek arnynak nvelse kiemelten tmogatand cl. A felszni vizek megorzsvel a gyepek llapotnak javtsa, illetve a vizes lohelyek arnynak nvelse szksges, ugyanakkor az alulkezelt terletek arnyt cskkenteni kell. Trekedni kell a gyepek, szntk, illetve vizes lohelyek (pusztai mocsarak) alkotta lohely-mozaikok fenntartsra, a jello madrllomnyok letfeltteleihez igazod extenzv hasznosts megvalstsra. Ndgazdlkods sorn az aratott terletek arnyt nvelni nem szksges, az aratatlan foltokat tbb vig rintetlenl kell hagyni, hogy megfelelo „kotu-rteg" alakulhasson ki, elosegtve ezzel a flemlesitke s egyb ndi jello madrfajok kltst. A gmtelepek krl kialaktott vdovezetben ndgazdlkodsi tevkenysg nem folytathat. A halastavi krnyezetben vgzett halgazdlkods s a jello madrllomnyok vdelme (klnsen a kltsi idoszakot) egyttesen kell megvalsuljon a gazdasgi szempontok szem elott tartsa mellett, gy kerlendo a vzszint nagymrtku ingadozsa, a vz minosgnek romlsa, illetve a madarak ltalnos zavarsa. Ennek rdekben a vzjogi zemelsi engedlyek rendszeres fellvizsglata s a madrllomnyok rendszeres monitorozsa szksges. Erdogazdlkods sorn elsodleges szempont, hogy a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya ne nvekedjen a jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban, illetve azok arnynak cskkentst kell elosegteni. A fokozottan vdett s telepesen fszkelo madrfajok kltohelynek vdelmt biztostani kell megfelelo mretu s minosgu vdozna kialaktsval, illetve a fszkeket tart fallomnyok megvsval. Kltsi idoben, ami a prvlaszts idoszakt is magba foglalja, a fszkelohelyek krl kialaktott vdovezetben erdszeti s vadgazdlkodsi tevkenysgek nem vgezhetok. Kiemelt clknt fogalmazhat meg a veszlyezteto tnyezok mrsklse, gy az alullegeltets elkerlse, a nagyarny s termszetvdelmi szempontbl kifogsolhat erdoirts mellozse, az intenzv halgazdlkods s halszat visszaszortsa az extenzv halastavi s folyami hasznosts javra. Kerlni kell azon infrastrukturlis fejlesztsek (pl. muutak, lgvezetkek) megvalstst, amik a jello madrfajok llomnyaira potencilis veszlyt jelentenek, illetve lohelyk beszuklst, fragmentldst eredmnyezi. Az intenzv erdogazdlkods httrbe szortsa, a madrllomnyok klto-, vonul- s pihenohelyeinek zavarsa s veszlyeztetse kerlendo. Az lohelyek ltalnos vdelme rdekben a mezogazdasgi muvels felhagys, illetve a nvnyzet getsnek hatsra bekvetkezo ideiglenes, vagy vgleges terletveszts a jello madrllomnyokra negatvan hatnak, gy ezek elkerlse kiemelt clknt kezelendo. There is a management plan of the site from 1997; but its contents are incomplete.



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