Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

HUKN20001

1.3 Site name

Felső-kiskunsági szikes puszta

1.4 First Compilation date

2003-08

1.5 Update date

2012-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park Directorate
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:19.156400
Latitude:47.065800

2.2 Area [ha]

15776.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HU33Dél-Alföld

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1530  info      10561  0.00 
6250  info      180  0.00 
6260  info      570  0.00 
6440  info      211  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1130Aspius aspius               
A1188Bombina bombina    100000  2000000   
P4081Cirsium brachycephalum    2000000  5000000   
F1149Cobitis taenia               
I4016Dorcadion fulvum cervae    100000  500000   
R1220Emys orbicularis    200  500   
M1355Lutra lutra    10  20   
I1060Lycaena dispar    500  5000   
F1145Misgurnus fossilis               
M2633Mustela eversmannii          DD 
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus               
M1335Spermophilus citellus    400  800   
A1993Triturus dobrogicus    500  5000   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acherontia atropos                   
Acrida hungarica                   
Adonis vernalis                   
Allium sphaerocephalon                   
Anax parthenope parthenope                   
Astragalus asper                   
Athene noctua                   
Batazonellus lacerticidus                   
Blackstonia acuminata                   
Bombus fragrans                   
Bufo bufo                   
Bufo viridis                   
Calosoma auropunctatum                   
Centaurea sadleriana                   
Copris lunaris                   
Coronella austriaca                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocidura suaveolens mimula                   
Epacromius coerulipes                   
Gampsocleis glabra                   
Hemaris tityus                   
Hyla arborea                   
Inachis io                   
Iris pumila                   
Iris spuria                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Libellula fulva fulva                   
Limosa limosa                   
Lycosa singoriensis                   
Natrix natrix                   
Neomys anomalus milleri                   
Netocia ungarica                   
Ophrys sphegodes                   
Orchis coriophora                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. Palustris                   
Orchis morio                   
Pandoriana pandora                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Periphanes delphinii                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Podarcis taurica                   
Rana arvalis                   
Rana esculenta                   
Rana ridibunda                   
Saragossa porosa kenderesiensis                   
Sorex araneus                   
Sorex minutus                   
Sympetrum depressiusculum                   
Taraxacum serotinum                   
Tringa stagnatilis                   
Tringa totanus                   
Tyto alba                   
Zodion cinereum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0381.00
N092.00
N1511.00
N236.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

"Other land" categories are: farms, buildings, canals, minor roads and fishponds, gravel pits, artificial ponds, small woods, dikes. Geology, hydrogeology, pedology Following the withdrawal and the sedimentation of the Late Miocene Lake Pannon in this region of the Great Plain, approximately 4.5 million years ago, the ancestral structures of the Danube, the ancient Tisza and the tributaries of the latter appeared. From this point on, the previous lake sediment supply was replaced by river sedimentation (primarily by the Danube). Until the Gnz-Minden Interglacial in the Pleistocene Ice Age following the Pliocene Epoch the Danube ran southeast-bound towards Szeged, cutting the region in half, and supplied river sedimentation in a width of some 1000 metres. In the Gnz-Minden Interglacial of the Ice Age a major change occurred: with the development of the region's southwestern depression (Kalocsa depression) the Danube gradually started to drift westward by leaving its previous diagonal flow direction and took over its present north-south position. The Danube had already filled up the previous areas. River sedimentation ceased on the alluvial fan replacing these, situated east of the region, which remained higher than the Transtisza region, and a thick eolic sedimentary layer was deposited on it (in the areas undisturbed by water).

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa: Dorcadion fulvum cervae (pusztai gyalogcincr), Bombina bombina (vrshas unka), Triturus dobrogicus (dunai gote), Spermophilus citellus (rge), Mustela eversmannii (molnrgrny), Cirsium brachycephalum (kisfszku aszat). Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek helyrelltsa: 1530 (pannon szikes sztyeppk s mocsarak), 6250 (sksgi pannon lszgyepek). It has high importance; it is one of the most important salty areas between the Danube and Tisza rivers in the Great Hungarian Plain. The "szoloncsk" and "szoloncsk-szolonyec" types of these alkaline soils and salty habitats are charactersed by salt accumulation levels on or close to the soil surface, but they differ from the famous salt lands of the Hortobgy. (In the latter region the salt accumulation level is more distant from the soil surface, and there are also differences in the chemical composition of soils.) Its quality varies from medium to high degree. The site is important not only from the point of view of natural inland salt habitats, but is important for birds as a nesting, feeding and roosting site as well.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA03.01i
MA04.01i
LA04.03i
MA06i
MA07i
MA08i
MC01.01o
LD01i
LE01o
MH01b
HI01b
LJ01.01i
HJ02b
MA02.01i
MJ03.02i
MK01.03i
MK02i
HM01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
MJ02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bagi, I. (1991). A Felso-szunyog pusztai bioszfra-rezervtum termszetvdelmi rtkelse. Termszetvdelmi Kzlemnyek, 1(1), 41-48. Bagi, I. (1988). The role of water management in the degradation processes of halophilic vegetation in Hungary . Environmental Conservation , 15(4), 359-362. Bagi, I. (1987). The vegetation map of the Kisapaj UNESCO Biosphere Reserve core area, Kiskunsg National Park, Hungary. Acta Biol. Szeged., 33, 63-74. Bagi, I. (1989). The vegetation map of the Tripolisz UNESCO Biosphere Reserve core area, Kiskunsg National Park, Hungary. Acta Biol. Szeged., 35, 39-51. Bagi I. - Molnr Zs. (1997): Az ltalnos Nemzeti lohely-osztlyozsi Rendszer (-NR): Szikesek, in. Nemzeti Biodiverzits Monitoroz Rendszer (Szekr. Fekete G. Molnr Zs. Horvth F.) 92-99p. Bodrogkzy Gy.: Ecology of the halophilic vegetation of the Pannonicum Acta Botanica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 1966. Tom. 12. 9-26. pp. Bodrogkzy Gy.: Ecology of the halophilic vegetation Acta Botanica Hungaricae 1965. Tom. 11. 22-51. pp. Galgczy, K. (1877). Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun megye Monographija. Budapest: Weiszmann testvrek. Harmat I.: A lecsapolsok, a vzrendezsek hatsa a Duna-vlgy hidrolgiai- s talajviszonyaira. Nvnytermeszts s krnyezetvdelem, MTA Agrrtudomnyok osztlya 1999, 107-110 Harmat I.: A vzrendezsek hatsa a Duna-vlgy szikes talajaira. Agrokmia s Talajtan Tom. 49.( 2000) No. 3-4. 369-380. Harmat I.: A duna-vlgyi szikes talajok s ezek talajviznek startalma. Agrokmia s Talajtan Tom. 49.( 2000) No. 3-4. 383-397. Jrai-Komldi, M. (1987). Postglacial climate and vegetation history in Hungary. In: Pcsi, M. & Kordos, L. (eds), Holocene environment in Hungary (pp. 37-47). Budapest: Akadmiai Kiad. Kerner, A. (1863). Ungarisches Tiefland. In: A. Kerner Das Pflanzenleben der Donaulander (pp. 17-102). Innsbruck: Wagner Verl. Prodn Gyula: Bcs-Bodrog-vrmegye sziki nvnyei 96-137. pp. Moesz Gusztv: A Kiskunsg s a Jszsg szikes terleteinek nvnyzete 100-112. pp. P. Verseghy Klra: Lichenolgiai vizsglatok a Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park Terletn Bot. Kzl. 1983. 70. ktet 1-2. fzet 61-69. pp. Loks L. & Rajczy M. (1999). The Flora of the Kiskunsg National Park. Volume 2. Cryptogams (Natural History of the National Parks of Hungary No. 9.). Budapest: Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum. Mahunka, S. (1986). The Fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park (National History of the National Parks of Hungary No. 4). Budapest: Akadmiai Kiad. Mahunka, S. (1987). The Fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park (National History of the National Parks of Hungary No. 5). Budapest: Akadmiai Kiad. Mike K. (1991): Magyarorszg osvzrajza s felszni vizeinek trtnete. AQUA Budapest 1991. Molnr, Zs. & Vajda, Z. (1999). Habitat mapping in the Danube-Tisza Interfluve (D-TMap project, 1996-2000). In: Kovcs-Lng, E., Molnr, E., Krel-Dulay, Gy. & Barabs, S. (eds), Long Term Ecological Research in the Kiskunsg, Hungary (pp. 18-19). Vcrtt: Institute of Ecology and Botany, H.A.S. Pcsi, M. (1967). A dunai Alfld (Magyarorszg tjfldrajza No. 1). Budapest: Akadmiai Kiad So, R. (1931). A magyar puszta fejlodstrtnetnek problmja. Fldrajzi Kzlemnyek, 59(1-3), 1-15. Szujk-Lacza, J. & Kovts, D. (1993). The Flora of the Kiskunsg National Park. In the Danube-Tisza Mid-Region of Hungary (Natural History of the National Parks of Hungary No. 6.). Budapest: Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum. Tth, K. (1979). Nemzeti Park a Kiskunsgban. Budapest: Natura. Tth, K. (1985). Tudomnyos kutatsok a Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Parkban 1975-1984 . Budapest: Hungexpo. Tth K. (1995): 20 ves a Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Park Hzinyomda Kft.Kecskemt Tth, T. (1999). Dynamics of salt accumulation in salt-affected soils. In: Kovcs-Lng, E., Molnr, E., Krel-Dulay, Gy. & Barabs, S. (eds), Long Term Ecological Research in the Kiskunsg, Hungary (pp. 25-26). Vcrtt: Institute of Ecology and Botany, H.A.S. Tth, T. & Kuti, L. A talaj startalom-vltozs tnyezoi a kiskunsgi Apajon. In: Talaj s krnyezet. (pp. 106-115). Debrecen. V. Sipos Julianna-Varga Zoltn: A Krpt-medence kontinentlis sziki rtjeinek s gyepeinek (Puccinellio-Salicornetea Soo 1947) nvnytrsulstani ttekintse Calandrella 1996. X/1-2. 58-102. pp. Simon Tibor: Hazai fontosabb trsulsok ttekintse Kzirat 1990. 1-18. pp. Jakucs P.: Az Alfld nvnyfldrajznak ltalnos jellemzoi 74-77., 86-89. pp. Harmati Istvn: A vzrendezsek hatsa a Duna-vlgy szikes talajaira Agrokmia s Talajtan 2000. Tom. 49. No. 3-4. 369-382. pp.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
HU99100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The site completely includes one part of the Kiskunsag National Park . 85% of the site is National Park. 82% of the site is part of the "Dunavlgyi-sk" Environmentally Sensitive Area, 12% is part of the "Turjnvidk" Environmentally Sensitive Area. 80% of the site is designated under the Biosphere Reserves /M.A.B Man and the Biosphere/ program by UNESCO, since 1979. 2% of the site is "Ex lege" Protected Sodic Lake.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Directorate of Kiskunsg National Park Kecskemt 6000, Liszt Ferenc u. 19.; mail@knp.hu; 36-76-482-611.
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Rszletes clkituzsek: A jello lohelyek kiterjedse s konnektivitsa ne cskkenjen. Ennek rdekben a jello pusztai lohelyek s fajok llomnyainak trbeli kapcsolatait ront, termszetvdelmi clt nem szolgl erdoteleptsek kerlendok. A jello lohelyek termszetessge sehol ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez kzvetlenl elhrthatatlan klso ok (pldul idojrsi szlsosg, fogyasztszervezet gradcija) miatt kvetkezik be. Termszetvdelmi clbl, msik jello lohely vagy faj rdekben is cskkentheto a jello lohely termszetessge (pldul jello madrfaj szmra kedvezo krlmnyeket teremto tllegeltetssel), ha az gy bekvetkezo rtkcskkensnl nagyobb az egyidejuleg eloidzett, Natura 2000 kijells cljait szolgl termszeti rtknvekeds. A 1530 (pannon szikes sztyeppk s mocsarak) jello lohely termszetessge felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt) legalbb sszestett terletnek 5%-n nvekedjen, elsosorban az lohelyek termszetes vzkszleteinek megorzse, a tjidegen invzis nvnyfajok irtsa, a szntterletekrol eredo zavar hatsok mrsklse s a gyepkezelsi gyakorlat javtsa gy a legeltetett llatok mennyisgnek, fajnak s fajtjnak optimalizlsa, a tllegeltets megszntetse, a szksgtelen tiszttkaszlsok visszaszortsa, a mozaikos, hagysterletes kaszlsi gyakorlat s az lovilgot kmlo kaszlgptpusok terjesztse, a kaszlsi mdok diverzifiklsa rvn. A meglvo 1530 lohelyek kolgiai llapotnak, termszetessgnek javtsa kivlthat szikes lohelyek jonnan trtno kialaktsval, rekonstrukcijval is (a termszetessgnvelsi clkituzs teljes egszben a meglvo szikes lohelyek kiterjedsnek 5%-t kitevo rekonstrukcival helyettestheto). A 6250 (sksgi pannon lszgyep) jello lohely termszetessge felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt) legalbb sszestett terletnek 10%-n nvekedjen, elsosorban a tjidegen invzis nvnyfajok irtsa, a szntterletekrol eredo zavar hatsok mrsklse s a gyepkezelsi gyakorlat javtsa gy a legeltetett llatok mennyisgnek, fajnak s fajtjnak optimalizlsa, a tllegeltets megszntetse, a szksgtelen tiszttkaszlsok visszaszortsa, a mozaikos, hagysterletes kaszlsi gyakorlat terjesztse, a kaszlsi mdok diverzifiklsa rvn. A meglvo 6250 lohelyek kolgiai llapotnak, termszetessgnek javtsa kivlthat lszgyepi lohelyek jonnan trtno kialaktsval, rekonstrukcijval is (a termszetessgnvelsi clkituzs teljes egszben a meglvo lszgyepi lohelyek kiterjedsnek 10%-t kitevo rekonstrukcival helyettestheto). A jello fajok llomnynagysga s llomnyainak terleti kiterjedse ne cskkenjen. A vonalas vziltestmnyek karbantartsa sorn pldul flszelvnyu kotrsok, vagy kotrs helyett hnrkaszls alkalmazsval, vagy kiszlestett s karbantarts nlkl marad refgium-blk kialaktsval, illetve a karbantarts idopontjnak megfelelo kivlasztsval - biztostani szksges a bennk elofordul jello fajok llomnyainak rdemi mrtku tllst. A vonalas vziltestmnyek clnak megfelelo vzkormnyzsval gy a vzhinyos idoszakokban vzmegorzssel - biztostani szksges a bennk elofordul jello fajok, gy a Bombina bombina (vrshas unka), Triturus dobrogicus (dunai gote), Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos) llomnyainak tllst, tovbb a 1530 (pannon szikes sztyeppk s mocsarak) jello lohelyek termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyait. There is a management plan covering 90 % of the site from 1997; its content is incomplete and not according to the relevant national law, to be updated.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY