Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

HUKN20020

1.3 Site name

Harkai-tó

1.4 First Compilation date

2003-08

1.5 Update date

2012-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Kiskunsgi National Park Directorate
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:19.572500
Latitude:46.479444

2.2 Area [ha]

661.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HU33Dél-Alföld

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1530  info      140  0.00 
6260  info      95  0.00 
6410  info      15  0.00 
6440  info      90  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1188Bombina bombina         
P4081Cirsium brachycephalum    100000  100000   
R1220Emys orbicularis    50  200   
M1355Lutra lutra    10   
F1145Misgurnus fossilis               
M1335Spermophilus citellus    20  50   
A1993Triturus dobrogicus         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Astragalus asper                   
Centaurea sadleriana                   
Crocus reticulatus                   
Iris spuria                   
Lepidium crassifolium                   
Limonium gmellini                   
Lycosa singoriensis                   
Natrix natrix                   
Ophrys sphegodes                   
Orchis coriophora                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. Palustris                   
Orchis militaris                   
Orchis morio                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N038.00
N0711.00
N1020.00
N0925.00
N1510.00
N2326.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

"Other land" categories are: small farms, canals, minor roads and fishponds (95 %). Before canalisation of the area it was a complex of peaty wetlands, humid grasslands and dry grasslands. In the 1980s, a fishpond was created in the deepest part of the site. Unfortunately, a large part of the site was exposed to intensive canalisation, and almost recently this is one of the most serious damaging effect.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa: Bombina bombina (vrshas unka), Triturus dobrogicus (dunai gote), Lutra lutra (vidra). Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek helyrelltsa: 1530 (pannon szikes sztyeppk s mocsarak), 6410 (kkperjs rtek), 6440 (mocsrrtek), Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos), Cirsium brachycephalum (kisfszku aszat). It has medium quality and high importance. This area is one of the last remnants of the peaty wetlands in the eastern part of the Duna-Tisza Interfluvial area. This site is one of the largest semi natural area of the region. It has a great potential for wetland restoration after the changing of ownership and management of the site. It has a lot of plant and animal species protected by national law.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02.03i
HA03.01i
MA03.03i
HA04.03i
MA06i
LA07i
MA08i
MB01b
ME01.02i
LF01i
MF03.01i
LH01o
HI01b
HJ02b
MK01i
MK02i
HM01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03i
MF01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Ternyk J. (2002) Kiskunhalas s krnyknek termszeti rtkei In: Szakl A. Kiskunhalasi almanach. pp.507-532. Kiskunhalas

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top No data

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Rszletes clkituzsek: A jello lohelyek kiterjedse ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez a vltozs msik, az eltuno lohelyrszhez hasonl termszetessgu jello lohely kiterjedsnek nvekedse miatt kvetkezik be. Az erosebb vzhatst ignylo jello lohelyek llomnya ne cskkenjen a gyengbb vzhatst ignylo jello lohelyek kiterjedsnek nvekedse miatt. A jello lohelyek termszetessge ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez kzvetlenl elhrthatatlan klso ok (pldul idojrsi szlsosg, fogyasztszervezet gradcija) miatt kvetkezik be. A jello lohelyek invzis veszlyeztetsnek mrtke ne nvekedjen. Ennek rdekben a jello lohelyekkel rintkezo, az adott helyen tnyleges invzis fenyegetst jelento tjidegen fsszr llomnyok teleptse kerlendo. jonnan teleptett, vagy erdofeljts sorn ltestett tjidegen fsszr llomny s a jello lohelyek kztt legalbb 20 m szles vdoznt szksges ltesteni oshonos fsszr nvnyzetbol, vagy legalbb 30 m szles vdoznt lgyszr nvnyzetbol. Az erosebb vzhatst ignylo, javtand termszetvdelmi helyzetu lohelyek (1530 pannon szikes sztyeppk s mocsarak, 6410 kkperjs rtek, 6440 mocsrrtek) kolgiai llapota, termszetessge tpusonknt kln vizsglva, felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt), legalbb az sszestett terletk 10%-n javuljon, elsosorban a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsa, a tjidegen invzis nvnyfajok irtsa, a szntterletekrol eredo zavar hatsok mrsklse s a gyepkezelsi gyakorlat javtsa gy a legeltetett llatok mennyisgnek, fajnak s fajtjnak optimalizlsa, a tllegeltets megszntetse, a szksgtelen tiszttkaszlsok visszaszortsa, a mozaikos, hagysterletes kaszlsi gyakorlat s az lovilgot kmlo kaszlgptpusok terjesztse, a kaszlsi mdok diverzifiklsa rvn. A meglvo lohelyek kolgiai llapotnak, termszetessgnek javtsa kivlthat jello vizes lohelyek jonnan trtno kialaktsval, rekonstrukcijval is (a termszetessgnvelsi clkituzs teljes egszben a meglvo vizes lohelyek kiterjedsnek 10%-t kitevo rekonstrukcival helyettestheto). A jello fajok llomnynagysga s llomnyainak terleti kiterjedse ne cskkenjen. A vonalas vziltestmnyek karbantartsa sorn pldul flszelvnyu kotrsok, vagy kotrs helyett hnrkaszls alkalmazsval, vagy kiszlestett s karbantarts nlkl marad refgium-blk kialaktsval, illetve a karbantarts idopontjnak megfelelo kivlasztsval - biztostani szksges a bennk elofordul jello fajok llomnyainak rdemi mrtku tllst. A vonalas vziltestmnyek clnak megfelelo vzkormnyzsval gy a vzhinyos idoszakokban vzmegorzssel - biztostani szksges a bennk elofordul jello fajok, gy a Bombina bombina (vrshas unka), Triturus dobrogicus (dunai gote) s Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos) llomnyainak tllst, tovbb a jello vizes lohelyek termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyait. A Cirsium brachycephalum (kisfszku aszat) llomnyok termszetvdelmi helyzett javtani szksges, elsosorban az lohelyeit kedvezotlenl megvltoztat vzelvezetsek mrsklsvel s megszntetsvel, a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsval, tovbb az lohelyeit ro, mezogazdasgi eredetu zavar hatsok (gy szervesanyag- s vegyszerbemosdsok) cskkentsvel, s az llomnyokat rinto mezogazdasgi terlethasznlat javtsa gy a legeltetett llatok mennyisgnek, fajnak s fajtjnak optimalizlsa, a szksgtelen tiszttkaszlsok visszaszortsa, a mozaikos, hagysterletes kaszlsi gyakorlat terjesztse, a kaszlsi mdok diverzifiklsa rvn. Az Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos) llomnyainak termszetvdelmi helyzett javtani szksges, elsosorban a tarts felszni vzbortsnak kitett lohelyek kiterjedsnek nvelsvel, a tarts vzhats erossgnek nvelsvel, a migrcit akadlyoz hatsok cskkentsvel, az alkalmas tpllkoz- s tojsrak helyek mennyisgnek nvelsvel. There is no management plan for the site.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY