Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

HUKN20028

1.3 Site name

Tiszaalpár-bokrosi ártéri öblözet

1.4 First Compilation date

2003-12

1.5 Update date

2012-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Kiskunsgi National Park Directorate
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.027222
Latitude:46.817222

2.2 Area [ha]

3288.3300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HU33Dél-Alföld

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.00 
3150  info      132  0.00 
6440  info      120  0.00 
91E0  info      250  0.00 
91F0  info      50  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I4056Anisus vorticulus         
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    20  50   
A1188Bombina bombina         
P2285Colchicum arenarium    200  400   
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus         
R1220Emys orbicularis    251  500   
M1355Lutra lutra    15  25   
F1145Misgurnus fossilis    10000  11000   
M1307Myotis blythii    10  40   
M1318Myotis dasycneme    101  250   
M1324Myotis myotis               
A1993Triturus dobrogicus         
F2011Umbra krameri         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acherontia atropos                   
Acrida hungarica                   
Aglais urticae                   
Apatura ilia                   
Archiearis puella                   
Arctia festiva                   
Astragalus contortuplicatus                   
Bufo bufo                   
Bufo viridis                   
Carabus cancellatus                   
Carabus clathratus                   
Carabus ullrichii                   
Catocala fraxini                   
Cicuta virosa                   
Copris lunaris                   
Dorcus parallelipipedus                   
Ennomos quercarius                   
Epitheca bimaculata                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Erinaceus concolor                   
Helix pomatia                   
Hottonia palustris                   
Hyla arborea                   
Inachis io                   
Iphiclides podalirius                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Leucanthemum serotinum                   
Leucojum aestivum                   
Leucojum vernum                   
Megopis scabricornis                   
Menyanthes trifoliata                   
Myotis daubentoni                   
Natrix natrix                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Nymphaea alba                   
Oberea euphorbiae                   
Odontognophos dumetatus                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. Palustris                   
Parnopes grandior                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Periphanes delphinii                   
Phalera bucephaloides                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Rana arvalis                   
Rana esculenta                   
Rana ridibunda                   
Salvinia natans                   
Saragosa porosa kenderiensis                   
Senecio paludosus                   
Sorex araneus                   
Staurophora celsia                   
Talpa europaea                   
Thelypteris palustris                   
Trapa natans                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Urtica kioviensis                   
Vanessa atalanta                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N066.00
N0718.00
N091.00
N1012.00
N1538.00
N169.00
N2012.00
N234.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

It is the largest remaining floodplain - falling between the main protective dike and the Tisza river - in the Middle- and Lower-Tisza-region in Hungary. It contains two bigger oxbow lakes (Szikrai-Holt-Tisza, Alpri-Holt-Tisza) with large open water surfaces and some lesser oxbows more silted up. All of these oxbows were formed by artificial cutoffs during the regulation of the river Tisza (started in the 19th century). The territory of the site is canalised, and protected from floods by a secondary dike which allows only floods above the average to come in, so unfortunately hydrographic functioning of habitats can be called at most semi-natural. The floodplain also gets large amounts of infiltrating ground water from the higher places of the Danube-Tisza Interfluvial Ridge, so it does not dry out even in years without inundation. There are high banks with steep slopes in certain parts along the western boundary of the site. Its most important wetland habitats are: non-tussock sedge communities, reedbeds, Typha and Glyceria beds, euhydrophyte habitats, alluvial willow-poplar forests, riparian mixed forests. There were extreme floods in 1999-2000, in these years a lot of arable lands have been abandoned and turned into marshes and ruderal habitats. "Other land" types are mainly wastes, minor roads, canals, dikes and some small farms on higher places.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa: 3150 (termszetes eutrf tavak). Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek helyrelltsa: 6440 (mocsrrtek), 91E0 (lperdok s puhafs ligeterdok), 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok), Myotis dasycneme (tavi denevr). It has high importance because it is the greatest remaining floodplain in the Middle- and Lower-Tisza-region in Hungary. Natural (not planted) willow-poplar alluvial forests are quite rare in these regions, and this applies also to riparian mixed forests with Quercus robur. Nevertheless the site contains valuable stands of both. It has medium quality. Most marshes are in a good natural state but spreading of adventive invasive Amorpha fruticosa can pose a threat even to them. In the past decades there were long periods without inundation (due to a secondary dike) and it was unfavourable for a lot of alluvial forest stands. Extreme floods of 1999-2000 have exterminated many alluvial meadows and most of the understorey in riparian mixed forests beacuse of very high and long-lasting water cover. (The secondary dike had also a role in these events because did not let the incoming water to leave the area in a natural way.) The invasion of agressive adventive plant species is also a very serious damaging factor, mainly for natural forests; the most important invasive species are: Amorpha fruticosa, Echinocystis lobata, Acer negundo, Vitis riparia, Fraxinus pennsylvanica.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02i
MA03.01i
HA04.03i
HA06i
MA07i
MA08i
MB01i
MB02i
ME01o
MF02i
MG01i
MH01b
HI01b
HJ02b
MJ03i
HK01i
MK02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03i
HA04i
LB02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Plfai, I. (1995) (szerk.): Tisza-vlgyi holtgak. - Kzlekedsi, Hrkzlsi s Vzgyi Minisztrium, Budapest, 168 pp. S. Mahunka (ed.) (1986): The fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park. Vol.1. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest, 491 pp. S. Mahunka (ed.) (1987): The fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park. Vol.1. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest, 479 pp. L. Loks and M. Rajczy (eds) (1999): The flora of the Kiskunsg National Park.- Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest, 466 pp. Nagy, Sz. (1998): Fontos madrlohelyek Magyarorszgo. - Magyar Madrtani s Termszetvdelmi Egyeslet, Budapest, 138 pp. Sipos, F. (2001): A Nemzeti Biodiverzits-monitoroz Rendszer O5x5_046 Tiszaug/Tiszasas megnevezsu mintavteli kvadrtjnak lohely-trkpezse s lersa. Tth, K. (1979): Nemzeti Park a Kiskunsgban. Budapest: Natura. Tth, K. (1985): Tudomnyos kutatsok a Kiskunsgi Nemzeti Parkban 1975-1984 . Budapest: Hungexpo. Havranek, L. and Molnr, H. (1965): Preliminary report on the Arachnoidea-fauna of the Tisza-Valley Tiscia1:93-107. Havranek, L. (1962): Life of the river Tisza XX. Mammological investigations in "Tos"-forest. Acta Biol. Szeged. VIII (1-4):167-171. Havranek, L. (1961): Das Leben der Tisza XVI. Mammological investigations in the Tisza basin. Acta Biol. Szeged. VII(3-4):139-142. Horvth I., Margczi K: (1979): Region reconstruction of the Tisza dead-arm at Lakitelek on the basis of the ecological investigations performed in Toserdo.Tiscia 14:89-104. Ihrig, D. (1973) (szerk.): A magyar vzszablyozs trtnete.:--. Budapest, 398 pp Lszlffy, W. (1971): A Tiszavlgy vzrajzi kpe a szablyozsi munkk kszbn - .In: A Tisza szablyozsa I. rsz: 1846-1879. (eds. Botr, I., Krolyi, Z. ) pp.7-17. VIZDOK, Budapest. Marosi, S. - Szilrd J.: A tiszai Alfld. Budapest, 1969. 381 p. ko, R. (2000): A magyarorszgi folyk tltsezett szakaszn kialakult hullmterek terlethasznlatnak jellemzse. pp.339-341. Schreffel R. (1994): A holtgak szerepe a vzgazdlkodsban. In:Tisza-vlgyi holtgak rehabilitcis programja, Szeged, pp.7-12. Szcs, E. (1978): Vzkmiai vizsglatok a lakitelek-toserdoi holt-Tiszn, .pp.1-237. (manuscript) Vzgazdlkodsi Tudomnyos Kutat Intzet (1969 ) Vzrajzi Atlasz 7. Tisza. pp.288-323.VITUKI, Budapest. Vzrajzi Intzet (1931): A Tisza helysznrajza, hossz-szelvnye s keresztszelvnyei Tiszabecstol Szegedig, Budapest, pp.288-323. Kun Andrs (2009): A Tisza Alpr Bokrosi blzete /HUKN20028 kjtt. Natura 2000 terlet/ jello lohelyeinek feltrkpezse s kolgiai llapotfelvteleik elksztse; kutatsi jelents

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
HU99100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The whole site is part of the "A Tisza homokhtsgi vzgyujtoje" Environmentally Sensitive Area. 25% of the site is part of the Kiskunsg National Park. Further 28% of the site is "Ex lege" Protected Bog. 15% of the area is designated as a CORINE Biotope site.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Rszletes clkituzsek: A jello lohelyek kiterjedse ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez a vltozs msik, az eltuno lohelyrszhez hasonl termszetessgu jello lohely kiterjedsnek nvekedse miatt kvetkezik be. A jello lohelyek termszetessge ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez kzvetlenl elhrthatatlan klso ok (pldul idojrsi szlsosg, fogyasztszervezet gradcija), vagy erdei lohely esetn a fallomny engedlyezett vghasznlata, illetve a feljts rdekben szksgszeruen vgzett talajmunka miatt kvetkezik be. Erdei lohelyek megvand termszetes tulajdonsgai kz tartozik egyebek kztt a heterogn tr- s korszerkezet, a legyenglt egszsgu fk jelenlte, az ll s fekvo holtfk jelenlte, a fajgazdag cserje- s gyepszint. A tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya ne nvekedjen a jello erdei lohelyek egyik llomnyban sem. A 91E0 (lperdok s puhafs ligeterdok) jello lohely llomnyainak sszessgn a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt) legalbb 8%-al cskkenjen. A 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok) jello lohely llomnyainak sszessgn a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt) legalbb 20%-al cskkenjen. A jello lohelyek invzis veszlyeztetsnek mrtke ne nvekedjen. Ennek rdekben a jello lohelyekkel kzvetlenl vagy az rvzi elntsek rvn kzvetetten rintkezo, az adott helyen tnyleges invzis fenyegetst jelento tjidegen fsszr llomnyok teleptse kerlendo. A 91E0 (lperdok s puhafs ligeterdok) s 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok) jello lohelyek llomnyainak tz ves felbonts korosztlyszerkezetben ne cskkenjen a trsgben szoksos erdogazdlkodsi gyakorlat szerint mr vghasznlatra elorhat korosztlyok, tovbb az oket eggyel megelozo korosztly sszestett terleti kiterjedse. Ne kerljn teht vghasznlatra tbb idos erdollomny, mint amennyi korosodsval belp a hasonl kolgiai funkcit elltni kpes korosztlyokba. A clkituzs megvalsulsa tz ves erdotervezsi ciklusonknt vizsgland. Erdotervezsi ciklusonknt vghasznlat rvn a 91E0 (lperdok) egyetlen korosztlynak terleti rszarnya se cskkenjen 50%-os arnynl jobban, illetve a 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok) egyetlen korosztlynak terleti rszarnya se cskkenjen 30%-ot meghalad mrtkben. Azokon a jello erdei lohelyeken, amelyeken az erdollomny kpes feljulni a maga termszetes kolgiai folyamataira jellemzo mdon (termszetes sebessggel, llomnysurusggel, llomnyszerkezettel), ott biztostani szksges a termszetszeru feljtsok lehetosgt. Legyenek elhrtva az olyan, termszetszeru feljtsokat akadlyoz hatsok, amelyek gyengtsnek s megszntetsnek technolgija ismert, s relisan kivitelezheto. A 91E0 (lperdok s puhafs ligeterdok) jello lohely termszetessge felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt), legalbb sszestett terletnek 8%-n nvekedjen, elsosorban az elegyedo tjidegen nvnyfajok irtsa s a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsa rvn. A 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok) jello lohely termszetessge felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt), legalbb sszestett terletnek 15%-n nvekedjen, elsosorban az elegyedo tjidegen nvnyfajok mechanikus vagy legeltetses irtsa s a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsa rvn. A kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzet helyrelltshoz clszeru az lohely legalbb egy rszt legeloerdoknt kezelni. A 6440 (mocsrrtek) jello lohely kolgiai llapota, termszetessge felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt), legalbb sszestett terletnek 8%-n javuljon, elsosorban a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsa, a tjidegen invzis nvnyfajok irtsa, a szntterletekrol eredo zavar hatsok mrsklse s a gyepkezelsi gyakorlat javtsa gy a legeltetett llatok mennyisgnek, fajnak s fajtjnak optimalizlsa, a szksgtelen tiszttkaszlsok visszaszortsa, a mozaikos, hagysterletes kaszlsi gyakorlat s az lovilgot kmlo kaszlgptpusok terjesztse, a kaszlsi mdok diverzifiklsa rvn. A meglvo mocsrrtek kolgiai llapotnak, termszetessgnek javtsa kivlthat ugyanezen tpus lohelyek jonnan trtno kialaktsval, rekonstrukcijval is (a termszetessgnvelsi clkituzs teljes egszben a meglvo mocsrrtek kiterjedsnek 8%-t kitevo rekonstrukcival helyettestheto). A 3150 (termszetes eutrf tavak) jello lohely termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa rdekben trekedni kell a tl intenzv eutrofizci, a gyors feltltods megelozsre, s gondoskodni szksges a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok, a nylt vzfelsznek megorzsrol. A jello fajok llomnynagysga s llomnyainak terleti kiterjedse ne cskkenjen. A Myotis dasycneme (tavi denevr) termszetvdelmi helyzett javtani szksges, elsosorban az alkalmas pihenohelyek (idos erdok, facsoportok s mestersges denevrszllsok) szmnak, illetve kiterjedsnek nvelsvel. There is a management plan of the site from 2000; its contents are incomplete and not according to the relevant national legislation; to be updated.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY