Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Kiskunsgi National Park Directorate

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2010-02
National legal reference of SAC designation:275/2004. (X. 8.) Kormnyrendelet


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (100.00 %)
Pannonian (100.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)
Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %) Pannonian (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3150  info      92  0.00 
3160  info      46  0.00 
6250  info      0.00 
6410  info      180  0.00 
6440  info      800  0.00 
91E0  info      275  0.00 
91F0  info      80  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I4056Anisus vorticulus         
P1614Apium repens    50  150   
A1188Bombina bombina         
P4081Cirsium brachycephalum    1001  10000   
F1149Cobitis taenia    251  500   
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus         
R1220Emys orbicularis    1000  1500   
M1355Lutra lutra    25  30   
I1060Lycaena dispar         
I1059Maculinea teleius         
F1145Misgurnus fossilis    5000  5500   
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus    251  500   
A1993Triturus dobrogicus         
F2011Umbra krameri    10000  11000   
I1014Vertigo angustior         
I1016Vertigo moulinsiana         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acrocephalus arundinaceus                   
Acrocephalus scirpaceus                   
Agrostemma githago                   
Ardea cinerea                   
Aster punctatus                   
Astragalus varius                   
Athene noctua                   
Blackstonia acuminata                   
Bufo bufo                   
Bufo viridis                   
Buteo buteo                   
Calamagrostis canescens                   
Carex appropinquata                   
Centaurea sadleriana                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Clematis integrifolia                   
Cuculus canorus                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata                   
Dendrocopos maior                   
Dendrocopos minor                   
Dianthus superbus                   
Emberiza calandra                   
Erinaceus concolor                   
Falco columbarius                   
Falco tinnunculus                   
Gallinago gallinago                   
Gentiana pneumonanthe                   
Gymnadenia conopsea                   
Hottonia palustris                   
Hyla arborea                   
Iris sibirica                   
Lacerta agilis                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Lathyrus palustris                   
Leucojum aestivum                   
Linum hirsutum                   
Locustella fluviatilis                   
Locustella luscinioides                   
Locustella naevia                   
Luscinia megarhynchos                   
Menyanthes trifoliata                   
Merops apiaster                   
Motacilla flava                   
Muscari botryoides                   
Mustela erminea                   
Natrix natrix                   
Numenius arquata                   
Nymphaea alba                   
Nymphoides peltata                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Ophrys sphegodes                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris                   
Orchis militaris                   
Oriolus oriolus                   
Ornithogalum pyramidale                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Podiceps cristatus                   
Rallus aquaticus                   
Rana arvalis                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Rana esculenta                   
Rana ridibunda                   
Ranunculus lingua                   
Remiz pendulinus                   
Riparia riparia                   
Salvinia natans                   
Saxicola rubetra                   
Senecio paludosus                   
Strix aluco                   
Tachybaptus ruficollis                   
Talpa europaea                   
Taraxacum serotinum                   
Thelypteris palustris                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Tyto alba                   
Upupa epops                   
Urtica kioviensis                   
Vanellus vanellus                   
Veratrum album                   
Vitis sylvestris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Particularly, it contains wetlands of the plain Danube-valley. On the east, loess banks and steep loess slopes form the boundary of the site. Its most important wetland habitats are: euhydrophyte plant communities and Typha angustifolia beds, tussock and non-tussock sedge communities, reedbeds, Typha and Glyceria beds, alluvial meadows, Molinia meadows, willow bog woods, willow-poplar woodlands, riparian mixed forests. High biodiversity characterizes it both on species and habitat levels. It has many smaller lakes originating from former mechanical peat mining; these lakes have species rich secondary marshes and willow bogs. Unfortunately it has a dense network of canals. However, nowadays the regulation of the biggest canal (Dunavlgyi-focsatorna) - lying in the axis of the site - has partly changed the hydroecology of the wetland system: it has often swelled water level (because of its irrigation function) and then it can serve as a water source also for the neighbouring wetland habitats. "Other land" types are: canals, railway, small farms, buildings of agricultural co-operative, wastes, dense vegetation of invasive adventive plants such as Solidago species, etc. Artificial forests mainly consist of Robinia pseudo-acacia and Populus x euramericana.

4.2 Quality and importance

Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo lohelyek/fajok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa: 3150 (termszetes eutrf tavak), 3160 (termszetes disztrf tavak), Anisus vorticulus (apr fillrcsiga), Lutra lutra (vidra). Kiemelt fontossg cl a kvetkezo fajok/lohelyek kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek helyrelltsa:, 6410 (kkperjs rtek), 6440 (mocsrrtek), 91E0 (lperdok), 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok), Apium repens (ksz zeller), Lycaena dispar (nagy tuzlepke), Maculinea teleius (vrfu-boglrkalepke), Misgurnus fossilis (rti csk), Umbra krameri (lpi pc), Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos). It has high importance. One of the greatest Umbra krameri populations of the Great Hungarian Plain lives here, it has the biggest Apium repens population in Hungary, and also in general it is one of the most important wetlands of the Great Hungarian Plain. It has parts both of medium and of high quality. The most important degrading factors of the site are: drainage, intensive agriculture (pollution from arable lands and improving grasslands), burning and exploitation of older forests. It has a lot of plant and animal species protected by national law.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

The most important documentation about its natural values is a research study made by botanists of the Ecological and Botanical Researc Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences: Molnr, Zs. s Bir, M . (2001): A tervezett Dl-Orjegi Tjvdelmi Krzet botanikai s tjtrtneti felmrse s rtkelse. (manuscript) There is a management plan about 80% of the territory, it was made in 2001 by the Kiskunsg National Park Directorate. It summarizes the most important informations about the site. Further documentations are: Boros, . (1936): A Duna-Tisza kze koriserdoi s zsombkosai. - Bot. Kzlem. 33: 84-97. Boros, . tinapli (1915-1968). - MTM Nvnytr, Tudomnytrtneti Gyujtemny. Jrai-Komldi, M. (1959). - Sukzessionsstudien an Eschen-Erlenbruchwldern des Donau-Theiss Zwischen stromlandes. - Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest., Sect. Biol. 2: 113-122.) Kun, A. (1999): A Duna-Tisza kze aktulis lohely-trkpezse program 14. szm terlete - Kutatsi jelents, 17 pp. Lszl, G. (1915): A tozeglpok s elofordulsuk Magyarorszgon. Budapest. Molnr, Zs. s tsai (1997): A Duna-Tisza kzi korises gerlpok trtnete s mai llapota. - Termszetv. Kzl. 5-6: 55-77. Pcsi, M. (1957): Kalocsa s Kecel-Kiskors krnyknek geomorfolgiai krdsei. - Fldr. rt. 6: 421-442. Szujk-Lacza, J. s Kovts, D. (eds) (1993): The flora of the Kiskunsg National Park. - MTM, Budapest, 469 pp. S. Mahunka (ed.) (1986): The fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park. Vol.1. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest, 491 pp. S. Mahunka (ed.) (1987): The fauna of the Kiskunsg National Park. Vol.1. - Akadmiai Kiad, Budapest, 479 pp. L. Loks and M. Rajczy (eds) (1999): The flora of the Kiskunsg National Park.- Magyar Termszettudomnyi Mzeum, Budapest, 466 pp.


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

ltalnos clkituzsek: A Natura 2000 terlet termszetvdelmi clkituzse az azon tallhat, a kijells alapjul szolgl fajok s lohelytpusok kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek megorzse, fenntartsa, helyrelltsa, valamint a Natura 2000 terletek lehatrolsnak alapjul szolgl termszeti llapot s a kedvezo termszetvdelmi llapottal sszhangban lvo gazdlkods feltteleinek biztostsa. Rszletes clkituzsek: A jello lohelyek kiterjedse ne cskkenjen. A jello lohelyek termszetessge ne cskkenjen, kivve ha ez kzvetlenl elhrthatatlan klso ok (pldul idojrsi szlsosg, fogyasztszervezet gradcija), vagy erdei lohely esetn a fallomny engedlyezett vghasznlata, illetve a feljts rdekben szksgszeruen vgzett talajmunka miatt kvetkezik be. Erdei lohelyek megvand termszetes tulajdonsgai kz tartozik egyebek kztt a heterogn tr- s korszerkezet, a legyenglt egszsgu fk jelenlte, az ll s fekvo holtfk jelenlte, a fajgazdag cserje- s gyepszint. A tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya ne nvekedjen a jello erdei lohelyek llomnyaiban. A 91E0 (lperdok s puafs ligeterdok) s 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok) jello lohelyek llomnyainak sszessgn (tpusonknt kln vgezve az sszestst) a tjidegen fafajok elegyarnya felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt) legalbb 7%-al cskkenjen. A jello lohelyek invzis veszlyeztetsnek mrtke ne nvekedjen. Ennek rdekben a jello lohelyekkel rintkezo, az adott helyen tnyleges invzis fenyegetst jelento tjidegen fsszr llomnyok teleptse kerlendo. jonnan teleptett, vagy erdofeljts sorn ltestett tjidegen fsszr llomny s a jello lohelyek kztt legalbb 20 m szles vdoznt szksges ltesteni oshonos fsszr nvnyzetbol, vagy legalbb 30 m szles vdoznt lgyszr nvnyzetbol. A 91E0 (lperdok s puhafs ligeterdok) s 91F0 (kemnyfs ligeterdok) jello lohelyek llomnyainak tz ves felbonts korosztlyszerkezetben ne cskkenjen a trsgben szoksos erdogazdlkodsi gyakorlat szerint mr vghasznlatra elorhat korosztlyok, tovbb az oket eggyel megelozo korosztly sszestett terleti kiterjedse. Ne kerljn teht vghasznlatra tbb idos erdollomny, mint amennyi korosodsval belp a hasonl kolgiai funkcit elltni kpes korosztlyokba. A clkituzs megvalsulsa tz ves erdotervezsi ciklusonknt vizsgland. Erdotervezsi ciklusonknt 50%-os arnynl jobban ne cskkenjen vghasznlat rvn egyetlen korosztly terleti rszarnya sem. Azokon a jello erdei lohelyeken, amelyeken az erdollomny kpes feljulni a maga termszetes kolgiai folyamataira jellemzo mdon (termszetes sebessggel, llomnysurusggel, llomnyszerkezettel), ott biztostani szksges a termszetszeru feljtsok lehetosgt. Legyenek elhrtva az olyan, termszetszeru feljtsokat akadlyoz hatsok kzttk a tltartott nagyvadllomny kedvezotlen hatsa -, amelyek gyengtsnek s megszntetsnek technolgija ismert, s relisan kivitelezheto. A 91E0 (lperdok s puhafs ligeterdok) jello lohely termszetessge felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt), legalbb sszestett terletnek 5%-n nvekedjen, elsosorban az elegyedo tjidegen nvnyfajok irtsa s a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsa rvn. Az erosebb vzhatst ignylo, javtand termszetvdelmi helyzetu gyepi lohelyek (6410 kkperjs rtek, 6440 mocsrrtek) kolgiai llapota, termszetessge tpusonknt kln vizsglva, felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt), legalbb az sszestett terletk 7%-n javuljon, elsosorban a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok helyrelltsa, a tjidegen invzis nvnyfajok irtsa, a szntterletekrol eredo zavar hatsok mrsklse s a gyepkezelsi gyakorlat javtsa gy a legeltetett llatok mennyisgnek, fajnak s fajtjnak optimalizlsa, a szksgtelen tiszttkaszlsok visszaszortsa, a mozaikos, hagysterletes kaszlsi gyakorlat s az lovilgot kmlo kaszlgptpusok terjesztse, a kaszlsi mdok diverzifiklsa rvn. A meglvo lohelyek kolgiai llapotnak, termszetessgnek javtsa kivlthat jello vizes lohelyek jonnan trtno kialaktsval, rekonstrukcijval is (a termszetessgnvelsi clkituzs teljes egszben a meglvo vizes lohelyek kiterjedsnek 7%-t kitevo rekonstrukcival helyettestheto). A 3150 (termszetes eutrf tavak) s 3160 (termszetes disztrf tavak) kedvezo termszetvdelmi helyzetnek fenntartsa rdekben gondoskodni szksges a fokozott eutrofizci s a feltltods elleni vdelmi intzkedsekrol, a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok megorzsrol, a nylt vzfelsznu lohelyrszek terleti arnynak megorzsrol. A jello fajok llomnynagysga s llomnyainak terleti kiterjedse ne cskkenjen. A vonalas vziltestmnyek karbantartsa sorn pldul flszelvnyu kotrsok, vagy kotrs helyett hnrkaszls alkalmazsval, vagy kiszlestett s karbantarts nlkl marad refgium-blk kialaktsval, illetve a karbantarts idopontjnak megfelelo kivlasztsval - biztostani szksges a bennk elofordul jello fajok llomnyainak rdemi mrtku tllst. A vonalas vziltestmnyek clnak megfelelo vzkormnyzsval gy a vzhinyos idoszakokban vzmegorzssel - biztostani szksges a bennk elofordul jello fajok, gy a Bombina bombina (vrshas unka), Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos), Misgurnus fossilis (rti csk), Umbra krameri (lpi pc), Cobitis taenia (vg csk), Rhodeus sericeus amarus (szivrvnyos kle), Anisus vorticulus (apr fillrcsiga) llomnyainak tllst, tovbb a jello vizes lohelyek termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyait. A Lycaena dispar (nagy tuzlepke) s a Maculinea teleius (vrfu-boglrka) llomnyainak mrett felmrsi idoszakonknt (hat venknt) legalbb 10%-al nvelni szksges, elsosorban az lohelyeiken foly termszetvdelmi kezels kaszls s legeltets javtsval, az llomnyok trbeli kapcsolatainak javtsval, az lohelyek termszetes hidrolgiai viszonyainak helyrelltsval, az alkalmas lohelyek kiterjedsnek nvelsvel, az lohelyek elvesztsvel fenyegeto invzis nvnyek llomnyainak visszaszortsval. A Misgurnus fossilis (rti csk) s Umbra krameri (lpi pc) llomnyainak termszetvdelmi helyzett javtani szksges, elsosorban a vonalas vziltestmnyek nem megfelelo karbantartsa s nem megfelelo vzkormnyzsa miatt bekvetkezo llomnypusztulsok mrsklsvel, a tarts felszni vzbortsnak kitett lohelyek kiterjedsnek nvelsvel, illetve a tarts vzhats erossgnek nvelsvel, tovbb a vonalas vziltestmnyekben tallhat vzkszletek minosgnek javtsval. Az Emys orbicularis (mocsri teknos) llomnyainak termszetvdelmi helyzett javtani szksges, elsosorban az alkalmas tpllkoz- s tojsrak helyek mennyisgnek nvelsvel, a tarts felszni vzbortsnak kitett lohelyek kiterjedsnek nvelsvel, a tarts vzhats erossgnek nvelsvel, a migrcit akadlyoz hatsok cskkentsvel. Az Apium repens (ksz zeller) llomnyt felmrsi idoszakonknt legalbb 10%-al nvelni szksges, elsosorban a gyepkonkurrencia visszaszortst, nyltabb tozegfelsznek kialakulst eredmnyezo lohelykezelsek gy kzi vegetcigyrts, szarvasmarha legeltets, valamint a termszetes vzhztartsi viszonyok megorzse s helyrelltsa rvn. There is a management plan made in 2001 by the Kiskunsg National Park Directorate.



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